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Developmental Psyc, chapter 12
Emotional and social development in adolescence
32
Psychology
04/05/2010

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Term
Erikson's Theory: Identity Confusion (3)
Definition
Lack of direction and definition of self. Restricted exploration in adolescence. Unprepared for stages of adulthood
Term
Self-concept in adolescence (3)
Definition
Unify separate traits into larger, abstract ones. May descrive contradictory traits; social situations. Gradually combine traits into organized system
Term
Self-Esteem in Adolescence (5)
Definition
Continus to differentiate. Generally rises. Individual differences become more stable. Self-esteem linked to value of activities, adjustment. Influenced by family, culture
Term
Factors that Affect Identity Development (6)
Definition
Personality, child-rearing practices (authoritative), peers and friends, schools, communities, culture.
Term
Heteronomous Morality (2)
Definition
View rules as handed down by authorities, permanent, unchageable, require strict obedience.
Judge wrongess by outcomes, not intentions
Term
Autonomous Morality (3)
Definition
Rules as socially-agreed on, changeable. Standard of ideal reciprocity. Judge on outcomes and intentions
Term
Religious involvement linked to: (4)
Definition
More community service, lower drug & alcohol use, later sex, less delinquency
Term
Parent-child relationships in adolescence: autonomy (2)
Definition
De-iealized parents. Shift from parents to self and peers for guidance
Term
Parent-child relationships in adolescence: Authoritative Parenting (2)
Definition
Balancing autonomy with monitoring as needed. Extra challenging during adolescence
Term
Family influences on adolescents' adjustment (2)
Definition
Warm, supportive relationship with parents. Family circumstances
Term
Characteristics of adolescent friendships (3)
Definition
Fewer "best friends". Stress intimacy, loyalty. Friends are similar or get more similar
Term
Benefits of Adolescent Friendship (5)
Definition
Opportunities to explore self, form deep understanding of another, foundation for future intimate relationships, help deal with life stress, can improve attitude toward and involvement in school
Term
Relations with ___, ____ contribute to internal working models for dating
Definition
parents, friends
Term
Dating Problems: Too early dating (4)
Definition
Drug use, sex, delinquency. Poor academics. abuse. mental-health problems
Term
Dating Problems: For homosexuals (2)
Definition
Finding partners. peer harassment, rejection
Term
____ conformity occurs in early adolescence. ____ parenting helps resist pressures
Definition
More, Authoritative
Term
Depression in Adolescence (2)
Definition
Most common psychological problem of adolescence. Twice as many girls as boys
Term
Depression in adolescence: Factors (3)
Definition
Genetics, child-rearing practices, learned helplessness
Term
Preventing suicide (4)
Definition
Notice warnign signs, provide adult and peer support, teach coping strategies, interventions
Term
Factors in Delinquency (5)
Definition
Peers, gender, individual differences, family characterisitics, neighborhood
Term
According to Erikson, the major personality achievement during adolescence is
Definition
Identity
Term
Sixteen-year-old Isaac is going through a temporary period of confusion and stress. He is experimenting with alternatives and will finally settle on his own personal values and goals. Erikson would say that Isaac is experiencing
Definition
Identity crisis
Term
Reread the previous question. Current theorists would redefine Erikson’s interpretation of Isaac’s behavior and say that he is undergoing
Definition
exploration
Term
Which of these are key themes of older adolescents’ self-concepts
Definition
Personal and moral values
Term
Which of the following factors is predictive of high self-esteem in adolescence?
Definition
Authoritative parenting
Term
Shane gets upset when his classmates disagree with him and regards their behavior as a threat. Shane is in which identity status
Definition
Identity foreclosure
Term
What is a likely deduction about the person who made the following statement: “it’s a lot easier to be moral when you have nothing to lose
Definition
She is dealing with a real-life conflict rather than a hypothetical one
Term
Recent research that measures the moral development of males and females with both hypothetical and real-life moral dilemmas finds that
Definition
Both sexes emphasize justice and caring reasoning
Term
Marla, who used to wear work shoes, jeans, and loose flannel shirts, suddenly starts dressing in skirts and heels and wearing makeup. She is showing evidence of
Definition
Gender intensification
Term
Mr. and Mrs. McDermott’s three children all have low self-esteem, struggle with depression, and exhibit antisocial behavior. Mr. and Mrs. McDermott probably incorporate with of the following parenting techniques.
Definition
Coercion
Term
The number of “best friends”
Definition
Declines during adolescence to about one or two in adulthood
Term
When asked about the meaning of friendship, teenagers stress which of the following characteristics.
Definition
Intimacy and loyalty.