Shared Flashcard Set

Details

Development Across Lifespan
n/a
14
Psychology
12/13/2010

Additional Psychology Flashcards

 


 

Cards

Term

Ovum 

Definition

the female sex cell, or egg.

Term

·        Stage 1 = Zygote (the fertilized egg)


Definition

·        2 week period of rapid cell division (undifferentiated blastocyst)

·        Ends with implantation to uterine wall

·        about half do not successfully implant


Term

·        Stage 2 = Embryo


Definition

·        prenatal period from 2 weeks through 8 weeks

·        Begins with implantation to the uterine wall

·        Placenta and major organs form, arms and legs emerge, heart beats, liver makes red blood cells

Term

·        Stage 3 = Fetus


Definition

·        Prenatal period from 8 weeks to birth

·        Bone cells form; neural migration begins

·        rapid growth of brain and body in final 3 months

 

Term

Assimilation

Definition

 interpreting one’s new experience in terms of existing schemas

·        Leads to errors, biases

Term

Accommodation

Definition

adapting schemas to include new experiences

 

Term

 

Sensorimotor stage 

 

Definition

 

 Piaget’s first stage of cognitive development in which the infant uses its senses and motor abilities to interact with objects in the environment.

·        Birth through age 2

·        Schemas revolve

·        around sensorimotor info

Object Permanence

 

Term
Definition
Term

·        Preoperational stage 

Definition

Piaget’s second stage of cognitive development in which the preschool child learns to use language as a means of exploring the world.

·        About ages 2 through 7

·        Schemas become more sophisticated

·        Egocentrism - the inability to see the world through anyone else’s eyes (TV!)

·        Schema errors persist

Term

Concrete operations stage 

Definition

Piaget’s third stage of cognitive development in which the school-age child becomes capable of logical thinking but is not yet capable of abstract thinking.

·        About ages 7 through 11

·        Rule-driven

·        can verbalize, visualize, and mentally manipulate objects

·        Can perform simple logic (math, problem solving)

·        Difficulty with abstract concepts (e.g., freedom)

Term

Formal operations 

Definition

Piaget’s last (fourth) stage of cognitive development in which the adolescent becomes capable of abstract thinking.

·        Approximately adolescence

·        Can consider imaginary concepts, hypothesize, think in the abstract, “what if…?”

·        Thinking is now adult-like

Term

Personal fable 

Definition

common thinking in  adolescents that they are unique, special, and nothing bad will happen to them.

Term

  Imaginary audience 

Definition

common thinking in adolescents that other people care just as much about the adolescent’s thoughts, looks, and characteristics as they themselves do.

 

Term
Definition