Shared Flashcard Set

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Cultural Anthropology
Online Quiz 1 and 2
22
Anthropology
02/20/2012

Additional Anthropology Flashcards

 


 

Cards

Term
Which of the following statements about ETHNOGRAPHY is NOT true?
Definition
It is comparative and synthetic in nature
Term

                                                       

 Name all four of the major sub-disciplines of anthropology

 

 

Definition
socio-cultural anthropology
  
biological or physical anthropology
  
archaeology
  
linguistics
Term

Anthropology is ultimately a modern phenomenon that started becoming an academic discipline only after the Enlightenment and the era of exploration and colonization of the globe by Europeans.

 

True or False

Definition
True
Term
What are exogamy and the incest taboo examples of?
Definition
cultural universals
Term
Practice Theory:
Definition
recognizes the play between individuals and culture
Term

            

Clifford Geertz defined culture as ideas based on cultural learning through symbols. Leslie White argues that culture originated when our ancestors acquired the ability to use symbols. What is a symbol?

 

   
Definition
something verbal or non-verbal, within a particular language or culture, that comes to stand for something else
Term
Franz Boas and his students advocated a
Definition
relativistic approach
Term

            

Many human traits reflect the fact that our primate ancestors lived in trees. These traits include all of the following EXCEPT
Definition
echo-location made possible by overlapping audio fields
Term
Agriculture, pyramids, and tattoos were developed in many parts of the world that were otherwise unconnected. There is no evidence that they ever communicated. These are examples of
Definition
independent invention
Term

Anthropologists only study primitive cultures.

 

TRUE OR FALSE?

Definition
FALSE
Term

            

According to most anthropologists, real conclusions about human nature CAN be drawn from a single nation, society, or cultural tradition.
 
TRUE OR FALSE?
Definition
FALSE
Term

Which of the following statements is/are TRUE about culture according to your readings? (you may check all that apply)

 

a.  it is unique to humans
  

b.  it is acquired by humans as members of a society through the process of enculturation

c.  it encompasses shared, symbol-based behaviors and beliefs that vary greatly from
place to place
 
d.  everyone has culture


        

Definition
ALL ARE TRUE
Term
Chapter 1 illustrates how humans cope with low oxygen pressure at high altitudes. Some populations living in high altitudes have more efficient respiratory systems than those living at sea level. This is an example of
Definition
short-term physiological adaptation
Term
Which of the following describes cultural relativism?
Definition

the opposite of ethnocentrism

the idea that behavior in a particular culture should not be judged by the standards of another culture

a perspective that implies that morals, ethics and values from different cultures are equally correct and valid

Term

According to the book, what is the most important adaptation that explains the success of  humans?

Definition
Culture
Term

In Anthropology, we stress the importance of a holistic approach.

Holism?

Definition

Holism represents the importance of the connections between the individual and his or her family.

Term

What is the process by which children learn a particular cultural tradition?

Definition
Acculturation
Term

President Obama's mother was an anthropologist.

 

TRUE OR FALSE?

Definition
TRUE
Term
Cultural Anthropologists carry out field work
Definition

in any of these societies-- anthropologists carry out fieldwork in all kinds of communities and cultures

Term

How are cultural rights different from human rights?

Definition
cultural rights are vested in groups, not individuals.
Term

Although science claims to rely on unbiased methods, complete objectivity is impossible, especially when humans are studying other humans. There is always an observer bias.

 

TRUE OR FALSE?

Definition
TRUE
Term

Researchers believe that our closest non-human relatives alive today are chimpanzees and bonobos.

 

TRUE OR FALSE?

Definition
TRUE