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Corrections Cases
Important cases from Corrections in America
30
Criminology
05/18/2010

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Cards

Term
Cooper v. Pate (1964)
Definition
Inmates who are being denied the right to practice their religion are entitled to legal redress
Term
Johnson v. Avery
Definition
Unless the state can provide reasonable alternatives for the preparation of habeas corpus petitions, a jailhouse lawyer can be permitted to aid illiterate inmates
Term
Bounds v. Smith
Definition
This decision reaffirmed the need for either a jailhouse lawyer or adequate law libraries in state prisons.
Term
Memphia v. Rhay (1967)
Definition
The court held that an indigent defendant who is to be sentenced as a part of probation revocation proceedings must have counsel provided for him/her
Term
Morrissey v Brewer 1972
Definition
The court held that due process establishes the right of a parolee to a preliminary and final hearing before his or her parole can be revoked.
Term
Bell v. Wolfish
Definition
Strip searches are necessary for security after contact visits. these may be carried out if the need outweighs the violated rights.
Term
Helling v. McKinney
Definition
inmates must be given the opportunity to prove an 8th amendment violation. started because of tobacco smoke.
Term
Furman v. Georgia
Definition
The manner in which Texas executed prisoners was cruel and unusual.
Term
Gregg v. Georgia
Definition
Court held that the Georgia death penalty statutes were constitutionally permissible.
Term
Ruffin v. Commonwealth 1871
Definition
Virginia- Court ruled that prisoners do not have rights.
Term
Monroe v. Pape.
Definition
Simplified the procedures for suing state officials in federal court for alleged violations of constitutional rights.
Term
Gagnon v Scarpelli
Definition
Probationers, like parolees are entitled to a revocation hearing
Term
Estelle v. Gamble
Definition
Deliberate indifference to serious medical needs of prisoners constitutes the infliction of pain. This violates 8th and 14th amendments.
Term
Lee v. Downs
Definition
This case dealt with the issue of whether a female inmate visiting a doctor could be forced to remove her clothing when a male officer is present. Court ruled that this is an invasion of privacy.
Term
Timm v. Gunter
Definition
ruled that a female observing male inmates in a manner consistent with same sex procedure is permissible.
Term
Hudson v. McMilliam
Definition
Excessive force against a prisoner is cruel and unusual punishment, even if there is no injury.
Term
Turner v. Safley
Definition
States may ban correspondence between inmates in correctional facilities.
Term
Atkins v. Virginia
Definition
executions of retards are bad
Term
Ring v. Arizona
Definition
Judges cannot be the decision makers when death can be imposed.
Term
Roper v Simmons 2005
Definition
death penalty should not be applied to persons under 18
Term
Coffin v. Reichard
Definition
Prisoners retain the rights of an ordinary citizen except those expressly or by necessary implications taken from him by law.
Term
Smith v. Wade
Definition
Inmates may sue a guard for reckless or callous indifference.
Term
Procunier v Martinez
Definition
Prisoner mail may be censored, only when demanded by security precautions.
Term
Gregory v Auger,
Definition
Prison officials can restrict mail to those in temporary disciplinary detention, as a deterrent.
Term
Thornbugh v. Abbot
Definition
The Bureau of Prisons may reject incoming publications found to be detrimental to institutional security. if related to prisons.
Term
Cruz v Beto
Definition
It would be discriminatory for a Buddhist prisoner to be denied a reasonable opportunity to pursue his/her religious beliefs.
Term
Chapman v. Pickett
Definition
A Black Muslim's placement in segregation for refusing to handle pork is a violation of religious freedom.
Term
Rahman v. Stephenson
Definition
A prisoner's rights are not violated if the administration refuses to use their religious name on official records.
Term
Coleman v Johnston.
Definition
Prison officials who refuse to administer medical treatment for wounded inmates can be liable
Term
Moore v. People
Definition
Searches conducted by prison officials are not unreasonable as long as the purpose is not to harass the inmate.