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CONSTITUTION STUDY GUIDE
Mrs. King's class- 8th grade
69
History
02/07/2007

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Cards

Term
What is a constitution?
Definition
the framework/guidelines for a government to be run by
Term
How many branches are there in the U.S. government?
Definition
3 branches
Term
What is the preamble? (definition only)
Definition
the first paragraph of the Constitution
Term
What are the first ten amendments to the Constitution called?
Definition
the Bill of Rights
Term
What is the Legislative Branch's main POWER?
Definition
to make laws
Term
Which group/individuals are in the Legislative Branch?
Definition
CONGRESS (the Senate, House of Representatives, Senate Committees, and House Committees)
Term
What are three of the Legislative Branch's JOBS? (not checks & balances)
Definition
1) declare war
2) regulate interstate and foreign commerce
3) lay & collect taxes; pay the debts; provide for the common defense & general welfare
Term
Which Article in the Constitution discusses the powers of the Legislative Branch?
Definition
Article l
Term
What is the Executive Branch's main POWER?
Definition
to execute laws
Term
Which groups/individuals are in the Executive Branch?
Definition
the President and the Cabinet
Term
What are 4 of the Executive Branch's JOBS? (not checks & balances)
Definition
1) carries out the laws
2) serves as Commander in Chief of the armed services
3) makes treaties
4) appoints judges, ambassadors, and other officials
Term
Which Article in the Constitution discusses the powers of the Executive Branch?
Definition
Article 11
Term
What is the main POWER of the Judicial Branch?
Definition
to interpret laws
Term
Which groups/individuals are in the Judicial Branch?
Definition
1) Supreme Court
2) lower federal court
Term
What are the Judicial Branch's 2 main JOBS? (not checks & balances)
Definition
1) interpret laws
2) interpret treaties
Term
Which Article in the Constitution discusses the powers of the Judicial Branch?
Definition
Article 111
Term
What other courts are included in the Judicial Branch besides the Supreme Court?
Definition
lower federal courts
Term
How old do you have to be to be a member of the House of Representatives?
Definition
25 years old
Term
How long is the term for a Representative?
Definition
2 years
Term
How old do you have to be to be a Senator?
Definition
30 years old
Term
How long is the term for a Senator?
Definition
6 years
Term
How many people are in the Senate?
Definition
100 Senators
Term
How many Justices are there on the Supreme Court?
Definition
9 Justices
Term
How long is a Supreme Court Justice appointed for?
Definition
life
Term
How old do you have to be to be the President?
Definition
35 years old
Term
How long is the term for the President?
Definition
4 years
Term
How long does a person have to live in the United States in order to become the President?
Definition
14 years
Term
What is the name given to the group of people in the Executive Branch that help the President make decisions about things like: the environment, war, and transportation?
Definition
the Cabinet
Term
List one way that the Executive Branch "checks over" the Judicial Branch.
Definition
President appoints Supreme Court Judges
Term
List one way that the Judicial Branch "checks over" the Executive Branch.
Definition
Supreme Court can rule presidential actions unconstitutional
Term
List one way that the Judicial Branch "checks over" the Legislative Branch?
Definition
Supreme Court can rule laws passed by Congress unconstitutional
Term
List one way that the Legislative Branch "checks over" the Judicial Branch.
Definition
Congress determines number of judges in the Supreme Court
Term
List one way that the Legislative Branch checks over the Executive Branch.
Definition
can overried veto with 2/3 vote of both houses
Term
List one way that the Executive Branch "checks over" the Legislative Branch.
Definition
can veto a bill proposed by Congress
Term
What was the Articles of Confederation?
Definition
a document that outlined the form of government of the new United States
Term
How many branches did the Articles of Confederation have?
Definition
one-the Legislative branch
Term
What is one power that the Articles of Confederation did NOT have?
Definition
the power to regulate trade
Term
How did Shay's rebellion make the US realize that they needed a new government?
Definition
made the nation fear there would be more mob violence if they did not develop a strong central government
Term
What month, day, and year did the Constitutional Convention begin?
Definition
May 15, 1787
Term
In which city and state was the Constitutional Convention held?
Definition
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Term
Which states were represented at the Constitutional Convention?
Definition
all except for Rhode Island (New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Connecticut, New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Delaware, Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, and Georgia)
Term
What was the name of the compromise at the convention which stated that representation to Congress should be based upon a state's population?
Definition
The Great Compromise
Term
What did the Great Compromise state?
Definition
- Two house legislative
- Equal representation in the upper house (Senate)
- Representation based upon population of state in lower house (House of Representatives)
Term
What was the name of the compromise at the Constitutional Convention that was used to decide how slaves should be counted for representation in Congress and taxation to the federal government?
Definition
The 3/5ths Compromise
Term
What did the 3/5ths Compromise state?
Definition
- 3/5 of slaves would be counted as population when determining BOTH representatives in House of Reps. AND taxation
Term
What are the Bill of Rights?
Definition
first ten amendments of the Constitution
Term
Why was the Bill of Rights put in the Constitution?
Definition
to give people rights to protect themselves
Term
What rights are included in the 1st amendment?
Definition
- practice religion
- speak freely
- assemble
- address the gov't
- press
Term
What is the key descriptive phrase for the 1st amendment?
Definition
"Religious and Political Freedom"
Term
What right is included in the 2nd amendment?
Definition
right to own guns
Term
What is the key descriptive phrase for the 2nd amendment?
Definition
"Right to Bear Arms"
Term
What right is included in the 3rd amendment?
Definition
army can't force home-owners to provide living space for them
Term
What is the key descriptive phrase for the 3rd amendment?
Definition
"Quartering Troops"
Term
What is the key descriptive phrase for the 4th amendment?
Definition
"Search & Seizure"
Term
What rights are included in the 5th amendment?
Definition
- can't be tried twice for the same crime
- can't be forced to testify against yourself
- can't be held for committing a crime unless properly indicted
Term
What is the key descriptive phrase for the 5th amendment?
Definition
"Rights of Accused Persons"
Term
What rights are included in the 6th amendment?
Definition
- speedy trial
- impartial jury
- must be provided with a lawyer
Term
What is the key descriptive phrase for the 6th amendment?
Definition
"Right to a Speedy, Public Trial"
Term
What rights are included in the 8th amendment?
Definition
- fair punishment
- extraordinarily large fines will not be set
- no cruel punishment
Term
What is the key descriptive phrase for the 8th amendment?
Definition
"Limits of Fines & Punishments"
Term
What is the definiton of "ratify"?
Definition
to approve
Term
What is the definiton of "amend"?
Definition
to make different; amendment is a change to the Constitution
Term
What is the definiton of "federalism"?
Definition
shared power between National gov't and State gov'ts
Term
What is the definiton of "republic"?
Definition
gov't in which people vote for representatives who make decisions/laws
Term
What is the definiton of "constitution"?
Definition
framework/guidelines for a gov't to be run by
Term
How many people are in the House of Representatives?
Definition
435 Reps.
Term
What years were the Articles of Confederation in effect?
Definition
1777-1789
Term
What was the name of the plan made at the convention which stated that each state should have equal representation in Congress?
Definition
New Jersey Plan
Term
What was the name of the plan made at the convention which stated that representation to Congress should be based upon a state's population?
Definition
Virginia Plan