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Comparatives and Superlatives
Spanish 2 Semester 2 Unit 23 Middle Bury Online
13
Language - Spanish
04/04/2013

Additional Language - Spanish Flashcards

 


 

Cards

Term
Comparatives are used to exspress...
Definition
infereriority, superiority, and equality
Term
Basic pattern used to express inequality is...
Definition
más/menos + adjective, adverb, noun + que = more/less_____than
Term
más/menos + adjective, adverb, noun + que
Definition
= more/less_____than
ex:
Tú eres más bonita que ella.
You are prettier than she is.(adjective)

Juan habla más despacio que Paco.
Juan talks slower than Paco. (adverb)

Yo tengo menos paciencia que él.
I have less patience than he does.(noun)
Term
equality...
Definition
tan + adjective, adverb + como
= as much/many____as
or
tanto (-a, -os, -as) + noun(s) + como
= as much/many _____ as
Term
tan + adjective, adverb, + como
Definition
= as much/many____as
or
= tanto (-a, -os, -as) + noun(s) + como
ex:
Charlotte es tan inteligente como Anthony. Charlotte is as smart as Anthony. (adjective)

Nosotros tenemos tantos zapatos como ellos. We have as many shoes as they do.(noun)
Term
Comparing actions (verbs) word order changes slightly to..
Definition
verb + más/menos + que = _____ more than
or
verb + tanto + como = _____ as much as
Term
If the action (verb) comparison also involves a description (adverb), use...
Definition
verv + tan + adverb +como = _____as______as

ex:
Vosotros camináis menos que ellas.
You guys walk less than they (do).

Tim come tanto como Dave.
Tim eats as much as Dave (does).

Holly camina tan lento como Jason.
Holly walks as slowly as Jason (does).
Term
To make any of these comparisons negative..
Definition
add the word no before the verb

ex:
Tim no come tanto como Dave.
Tim does not eat as much as Dave(does).
Term
Few exceptions are
Definition
mejor (not más bueno) better

peor (not menos bueno) worse

mayor (used for grande and viejo) greater / older

menor (used for pequeño and joven) lesser / younger
Term
Superlatives...
Definition
Indicate any quality to the extreme degree

ex:
faster = compartive
fastest = superlative
Term
Superlatives are formed...
Definition
definite article (+ noun) + más/menos + adjective (+ de)

ex:

Rogelio es la persona más amable de toda la familia.
Rogelio is the kindest (most kind) person in the whole family.

Mario es el menos guapo.
Mario is the least handsome.
Term
the adjective ending -ísimo means
Definition
very or extremely
Term
Superlatives with -ísimo
un trabajo dificilísimo
una torta riquísima
un árbol altísimo
Definition
a very difficult job
an extremely delicious (rich) cake
a very tall tree