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Community Health Nursing
Chapter ONE
25
Nursing
09/21/2009

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Term

 

ADVOCACY

Definition

 

An action taken on ehalf of, or in concert with, indiviuals, families, or populations to create or support an environment that promotes health.

Term
CASE FINDING
Definition
by the community health nurse - involves identifying individual cases or occurrences of specified diseases or other health-related conditions requiring services.
Term
CASE MANAGER
Definition
A health professional who coordinates and directs the selection and use of health care services to meet client needs, maximize resource utilization, and minimize the expense of care
Term
CHANGE AGENT
Definition
One who initiates and brings about change - this role is performed in conjunction with the leadership role.
Term
CLIENT ORIENTED ROLES
Definition
involve direct provision of services to individuals, families, and occasionally groups of people.
Term
COALITION BUILDING
Definition
the process of creating temporary or permanent alliances of individuals or groups to achieve a specific purpose. coalitions have the advantage of fostering community wide problem solving and collaborative policy and program development
Term
COLLABORATION
Definition
A dynamic, transforming process of creating a powersharing partnership, or, put more practically, a process of shared decision making by two or more people.
Term
COMMUNITY HEALTH NURSING
Definition
A synthesis of nursing knowledge and practice and the science and practice of public health, implemented via systematic use of the nursing process and other processes to promote health and prevent illness in population groups.
Term
COMMUNITY MOBILIZTION
Definition
A process by which community groups identify common goals and mobilize assets to implement strategies that address local concerns.
Term
COORDINATION
Definition
The process of organizing and integrating services to best meet client needs in the most efficient manner possible.
Term
COUNSELING
Definition
The process of helping the client to choose viable solutions to health problems.
Term
DELIVERY-ORIENTED ROLES
Definition
(of the community health nurses) are those designed to enhance the operation of the health care delivery system, resulting in better care for clients. Roles in this category include coordinator or care manager, collaborator and liason.
Term
DISTRICT NURSING
Definition
A mode of service delivery in which each community health nurse was responsible for addressing all the health needs of a given population.
Term
EDUCATION
Definition
the process of facilitating learning that leads to positive health behavior.
Term
INDEX OF SUSPICION
Definition
An estimation of the likelihood that a disease or problem may exist and is based on a broad foundation of knowledge of the signs and symptoms of a variety of health problems and their contributing factors.
Term
LEADERSHIP
Definition
The ability to influence the behavior of others.
Term
LIAISON
Definition
Provides a connection, relationship, or intercommunication.
Term
POLICY ADVOCATE
Definition
A person or group of people who work for and argue on behalf of policy formation or changes in policy that influence the health of population groups.
Term
POPULATION - ORIENTED ROLES
Definition
Those directed toward promoting, maintaining, and restoring the health of the population and include those of case finder, leader and change agent.
Term
PRIMARY CARE
Definition
Essential health care services made universally accessible to all.
Term
PROGRAM FOCUSED NURSING
Definition
A service delivery system in which nurses focus their activities and efforts on specifically designated health problems or specific target populations.
Term
REFERRAL
Definition
The process of directing clients to resources required to meet their needs.
Term
RESEARCHER
Definition
One who explores phenomena observed in the world with the intent of understanding, explaining and ultimately controlling them.
Term
ROLE MODEL
Definition
Someone who consciously or unconsciously demonstrates behavior to others who will perform a similar role.
Term
SOCIAL MARKETING
Definition
The application of commercial marketing technologies to the analysis, planning, execution and evaluation of programs designed to influence the voluntary behavior of target audiences to improve their personal welfare or that of their society.