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Communication 200 Theories
Communication 200 Theories
32
Communication
03/05/2012

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Term
Symbolic Interactionism
Definition
We create symbolic worlds through language and our interactions with others.
Term
Coordinated Management of Meaning
Definition
When we speak, we co-construct social realities that are shaped by interpretations and rules that govern which interpretation we should choose.
Term
Dialogic Communication
Definition
We should speak in a way that others want to listen and listen in a way that makes others want to speak.
Term
Expectancy Violations Theory
Definition
When a person does something unexpected, the other person has a heightened awareness of the unexpected action and of the person who did it.
Term
Proxemics
Definition
People have different distances that they expect others will adhere to, based on the intimacy of their relationships.
Term
Social Exchange Theory
Definition
Relationships are pursued, continued and ended based on their perceived costs and rewards.
Term
Social Penetration Theory
Definition
We become more intimate with others when we self-disclose personal information.
Term
Social Information Processing Theory
Definition
People who communicate via the computer can develop extremely intimate relationships, which can even be closer than those created face-to-face.
Term
Relational Dialectics
Definition
Relationships are extremely complicated and full of contradictions, which create tensions within relationships.
Term
Constructivism
Definition
People with high cognitive complexity are better able to create person- centered messages and accomplish their goals in communication
Term
Social Judgment Theory
Definition
People have internal continuums of ideas that they accept and reject and can be persuaded if someone understands these continuums
Term
Cognitive Dissonance
Definition
In order to persuade people, one must show them that their behavior does not match their attitudes/beliefs or change their behavior.
Term
Rhetoric
Definition
In order to persuade someone, one must have logic, ethics and emotion
Term
Dramatism
Definition
Messages can best be understood through the lens of a play, in which actors are acting in order to purge themselves of guilt.
Term
Elaboration Likelihood Model
Definition
People process messages through two routes, but are more persuaded if they process the message through the route that force them to think about the message, instead of relying on peripheral cues
Term
Narrative Paradigm
Definition
The world is a set of stories from which we choose, and thus constantly recreate, our lives.
Term
Transportation Theory
Definition
When people are extremely drawn into narratives, they often adopt story-consistent beliefs.
Term
Semiotics
Definition
Signs are socially produced and often, especially when used by the media, stand for something they were never intended to stand for.
Term
Agenda Setting Theory
Definition
The media tells us what to think about, and might even tell us what to think.
Term
Spiral of Silence
Definition
People who believe they hold a minority viewpoint often feel pressured to remain silent about their opinion by the perceived majority opinion that is perpetuated by the media.
Term
Cultural Studies
Definition
The mass media manufactures dominant ideologies and suppresses minority viewpoints.
Term
Cultivation Theory
Definition
Heavy television viewers tend to share similar beliefs including the belief that the world is a big and scary place.
Term
Symbolic Convergence Theory
Definition
Groups unite around stories and group fantasies that are co-created and shared.
Term
Cultural Approach to Organizations
Definition
An organization does not have culture, an organization is culture.
Term
Information Systems Approach to Organizations
Definition
Members in an organization go through the action of organizing, in which they interpret information and realize how to reach organizational goals through the process of retrospective sensemaking.
Term
Communication Accomodation Theory
Definition
People change or maintain their communication patterns in order to converge or diverge from members of other cultures.
Term
Theory of Cultural Dimensions
Definition
Cultures can be understood and compared by considering power distance, masculinity, uncertainty avoidance and individualism.
Term
Social Identity Theory
Definition
People define themselves based on the groups and cultures they belong to.
Term
Attribution Theory
Definition
We assign meaning to other people’s behavior and make judgments about them based on those assigned meanings.
Term
Face-Negotiation Theory
Definition
Members from individualistic and collectivistic cultures often have different styles of conflict because they have different ideas about self-image.
Term
Genderlect
Definition
Male-female communication can best be understood as cross-cultural communication.
Term
Muted Group Theory
Definition
Women hold a minority viewpoint and are isolated and suppressed through man-made language.