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CIS 150 Exam #1
CIS 150
116
Computer Science
02/13/2013

Additional Computer Science Flashcards

 


 

Cards

Term
A _______ is a virus that is attached to documents such as Word or Excel files.
Definition
macro virus
Term
What type of virus was the famous Michelangelo virus?
Definition
a time bomb
Term
___________ encourages internet users to reveal sensitive information that could lead to identity theft by sending e-mails that look like they are from legitimate companies but are, in fact, fake.
Definition
Phishing
Term
A ________ works independently of host file execution and is much more active in spreading itself than a virus is.
Definition
worm
Term
A cyberspace _______ is an attempt to make someone believe something that is untrue.
Definition
hoax
Term
What are ways to protect your computer?
Definition
  • Place your computer so the fan's input vents are unblocked.
  • It is best to unplug computers during an electrical storm.
  • Old surge protectors can deliver power to your computer without protecting it.
Term
What ways can you protect against power surges?
Definition
  • A whole-house surge protector protects all electrical devices in the house.
  • A power surge could ruin your computer.
  • Surge protectors wear out over time.
Term
The most likely method a hacker would use to access a computer is ________.
Definition
Entering through its Internet connection
Term
__________ makes broadband users more vulnerable to attacks.
Definition
Static addressing
Term
Spyware programs that monitor keystrokes with the Internet of stealing passwords, login IDs, or credit card information are referred to as ______________.
Definition
Keystroke loggers
Term
What virus can change its own code to avoid detection?
Definition
polymorphic
Term
What can be used to back up data files?
Definition
  • DVDs.
  • flash drives.
  • external hard drives.
Term
A __________ works independently of host file execution and is much more active in spreading itself than a virus is.
Definition
worm
Term
A _________ virus temporarily erases its code from the files where it resides and then hides in the computer's active memory.
Definition
stealth
Term
_________ is an unwanted piggyback program that usually downloads with software you are installing from the Internet.
Definition
spyware
Term
________ is doing non-work-related activities with a computer while you are being paid to do your job.
Definition
cyberloafing
Term
The purpose of network address translation (NAT) is to __________.
Definition
hide user IP addresses from the Internet.
Term
A ______ is a secure Internet pathway that large corporations use to protect sensitive date.
Definition
VPN
Term
What are cookies?
Definition
  • Some companies sell the personal information found in cookies to other companies.
  • cookies are text files.
  • cookies help companies determine the traffic flow through their Web site.  
Term
What are the rules for creating passwords?
Definition
  • change your password frequently.
  • create a hard-to-guess password, with a combination of letters, numbers, and symbols.
  • Keep your password a secret.  
Term
For complete protection when backing up your files, you should use a program that creates an _____________ of your entire system.
Definition
image backup
Term
You can block logical ports to invaders and make your computer invisible to others on the Internet by installing ___________.
Definition
a firewall.
Term
__________ floods a computer with requests until it shuts down and refuses to answer any requests for information.
Definition
a DDoS attack
Term
Configuring a firewall to ignore all incoming packets that request access to a specific port is known as ___________.
Definition
logical port blocking
Term
What can help protect your notebook computer from theft?
Definition
  • attaching a motion alarm.
  • locking your notebook to a work surface.
  • installing software that can signal your notebook's location.  
Term
What is a program that appears to be something useful or desirable but does something malicious in the background?
Definition
a Trojan horse
Term
Social __________ is any technique that uses social skills to generate human interaction that entices individuals to reveal sensitive information.
Definition
engineering
Term
A computer virus normally attaches itself to another computer program known as a ______________.
Definition
host program.
Term
Using a ________, hackers can access and delete all files on your computer, send e-mail, run programs, and do just about anything else you can do with your computer.
Definition
backdoor program
Term
Drive-by downloads occur when ________.
Definition
a Web site downloads harmful software onto your computer.
Term
_________ occurs when a hacker takes control of a Bluetooth-enabled device to make phone calls, read phonebook entries, send and recieve text messages, and more.
Definition
Bluebugging
Term
A _________ is the portion of virus code that is unique to a particular computer virus.
Definition
virus signature.
Term
A packet sniffer is a program that can enable a hacker to do what?
Definition
launch a denial of service (DoS) attack on your computer.
Term
Many _______ sold for home use are also configured as firewalls and are capable of performing network address translation (NAT).
Definition
routers
Term
A ________ is a virus that is attached to documents such as Word or Excel files.
Definition
macro virus
Term
What is a feature or function available by using Backstage in Office 2010?
Definition
  • Save a file
  • Close a file
  • View file properties 
Term
When do contextual tabs display in Office 2010?
Definition
When you select an object in a document.
Term
Printing a document is available from the _________ tab.
Definition
File
Term
All Office 2010 applications allow you to insert clip art from the Illustrations group; ___________ however, also allows you to insert an object directly from a slide.
Definition
Powerpoint
Term
In Windows Explorer, what important information does the Address bar offer when saving a file?
Definition
The current drive or folder
Term
What is a quick and easy way to delete a folder in Windows Explorer?
Definition
Right-click and choose Delete
Term
When you use the Ctrl+F shortcut, the Navigation Pane opens only in ___________.
Definition
Word
Term
What can Windows Explorer not do?
Definition
can create files
Term
When do contextual tabs display in Office 2010?
Definition
When you select an object in a document
Term
When you first open Word 2010, what are you presented with?
Definition
a new blank work area.
Term
What does clicking the pushpin next to each file name on the Recent Documents list do?
Definition
The file will remain on the Recent Documents list indefinitely.
Term
__________ can most accurately be described as the command center of Office 2010.
Definition
The Ribbon
Term
It is most typical and often most appropriate that Word documents are printed in _________ orientation and Excel documents are printed in __________ orientation.
Definition
portrait; landscape
Term
What is true about Clip Art in regard to Office 2010?
Definition
The Clip Art task pane allows you to search for only certain types of images.
Term
When you close a document in Office 2010, what happens to the application?
Definition
The application remains open.
Term
Of the four Microsoft Office 2010 programs, the ______ Home tab is unique and quite different than the other programs.
Definition
Access
Term
When does a Mini toolbar not show?
Definition
Term
What is true about the Recent Documents list in Office 2010?
Definition
it constantly changes
Term
How do you easily and quickly select one paragraph in Word or Powerpoint?
Definition
Triple-click in the paragraph
Term
What information does the title bar of Office 2010 contain?
Definition
The file name and the application
Term
In Windows Explorer, what important information does the Address bar offer when saving a file?
Definition
The current drive or folder
Term
What is true about the status bar in Office 2010?
Definition
  • The status bar is located at the bottom of the Office 2010 window.
  • Slide number and total slide information is displayed in Powerpoint.
  • Summary information is displayed in Excel.
Term
Click the _____ key on the keyboard to display Key Tips in Office 2010.
Definition
Alt
Term
Microsoft ________ is most appropriate to use to create memo for use in a business.
Definition
Word
Term
Is it possible to change the spelling and grammer checker default settings in Office 2010?
Definition
Yes, by clicking the File tab and clicking the Options button.
Term
What is true about folders?
Definition
  • Folders can be managed in Windows Explorer.
  • Folders can be created within other folders.
  • The sole purpose of a folder is to provide a location for related files.  
Term
What is true about Clipboard task pane?
Definition
  • All items can be removed from the Clipboard.
  • The Clipboard can be displayed in different locations.
  • The most recently added Clipboard item is pasted when you begin a paste operation.  
Term
The small dots that surround an object appearing at each corner and in the middle of each side are known as _________.
Definition
handles.
Term
______ is the e-commerce term for transactions that take place between business and other businesses.
Definition
B2B
Term
What is the correct beginning of a website
Definition
http://
Term
A Web site's URL can identify what?
Definition
  • Web site's domain name.
  • Protocol used to retrieve a Web document.
  • File path for additional pages within the Web site. 
Term
A _____ at the end of the http in a URL indicates that the Web site is secure.
Definition
"s"
Term
Today, most search engines have an ________ that you can fill out to refine a search.
Definition
advanced search form
Term
You can purchase an _______, which enables you to have wireless Internet access with mobile devices.
Definition
aircard
Term
________ Internet connections are high-speed connections that include DSL, cable, and fiber optic.
Definition
Broadband
Term
______ is the default browser for Mac computers.
Definition
Safari
Term
_________ services use special strands of optically pure glass or plastic that are as thin as a human hair to transmit data.
Definition
Fiber-optic
Term
To access Web sites viewed in a previous browser session (within a given time frame), use the _________.
Definition
History list
Term
The individual words you search for when using a search engine are referred to as ______.
Definition
keywords
Term
Words used to help refine a search, such as AND or NOT, are called ________.
Definition
Boolean operators
Term
A ___________ actually searches other search engines rather than individual Web sites.
Definition
metasearch engine
Term
A virus that is triggered when certain logical conditions are met, such as opening a file or starting a program a certain number of times is called a ____________.
Definition
logic bomb
Term
A program that appears to be something useful or desirable, but at the same time does something malicious in the background without your knowledge, is called a ____________.
Definition
Trojan horse
Term
Virtual, not physical, communications gateways that allow a computer to organize requests for information from other networks or computers are called __________.
Definition
logical ports
Term
What type of virus infects your computer by running a program that searches for common types of data files (such as Microsoft Word and Excel files) and compresses them using a complex encryption key that renders your files unusable?
Definition
encryption
Term
A computer program that attaches itself to another computer and attempts to spread itself to other computers when files are exchanged is called a _______________.
Definition
virus
Term
The procedure used to assign IP addresses is called ____________.
Definition
dynamic addressing
Term
Hacker who break into systems just for the challenge of it (and who don't wish to steal or wreak havoc on the systems) are called _________.
Definition
white-hat hackers
Term
Windows 7's Help and Support feature is available:
Definition
from the Start menu.
Term
If you were creating your own dialog box, what would be most appropriate beside Number of copies within a Print dialog box?
Definition
Spin arrow
Term
The Sticky Notes feature of Windows 7 can be accessed from the Start button and then from _________
Definition
All Programs, Accessories, and Sticky Notes.
Term
What are functions of the Start button?
Definition
  • Get help.
  • A way to open programs.
  • Shut down the computer. 
Term
When expanding a search, scroll to the last item in the search results list and select _________ to search the entire computer system.
Definition
Computer
Term
What is the primary purpose of the Snipping Tool in Windows 7?
Definition
To capture screen displays
Term
What are the functions of an operating system?
Definition
  • It recognizes keyboard input.
  • It sends output to a display or output device.
  • It keeps track of files and folders. 
Term
Which Windows 7 feature aligns a window on the right or left side of the desktop when dragging the title bar on the window to the side?
Definition
Snap
Term
The Windows Help button, a question mark, is located in the ___________ of most windows.
Definition
top right corner
Term
When using Remote Assistance, if the person you are connected with are using Windows 7, you can use a method called:
Definition
Easy Connect
Term
What year was Windows7 available on most new microcomputer systems?
Definition
2009
Term
If you were creating your own dialog box, what feature would be most appropriate to show five different print options?
Definition
List box
Term
How do you drag a window out of the way that may be obstructing another window?
Definition
Click the title bar to movie it
Term
How to save a search?
Definition
  • To save a search, click Save search on the toolbar.
  • To conduct a saved search, open the Computer window.
  • You only need to click the link of a saved search to get new results.  
Term
If you have only one account on your computer, it would be known as an ________________ account.
Definition
administrator
Term
In order to receive online help files in your searches, open Help an Support, click Options, and then click what?
Definition
Settings
Term
Important or serious alerts in the Action Center are noted by a ____________.
Definition
red flag
Term
The Start button is located where?
Definition
on the taskbar.
Term
Items such as a pencil tool, brushes, colors, and shapes are a part of the ___________ program.
Definition
Paint
Term
In many open program windows a Search box is available at the ________ of the window.
Definition
top right corner
Term
How do icons appear on the desktop if Auto Arrange icons is selected?
Definition
Icons are maintained in straight columns and cannot be moved out of line.
Term
Where are the control buttons found on the title bar?
Definition
On the right side
Term
How do you change the indexing options and locations in Windows 7?
Definition
Start button, type Indexing Options in the Search box, and click Indexing Options.
Term
What Windows Update settings are available for Windows 7?
Definition
  • Have windows both download and install updates  automatically.
  • Only download but let you install the downloads.
  • Never check for updates.
Term
What happens to the mouse pointer when you place it on a border of a window?
Definition
it changes to a double-headed arrow
Term
Help topics in windows 7 are available when you look through help by clicking the __________ button.
Definition
Browse help.
Term
The Help and Support home button in the Windows Help and Search function in Windows 7 resembles a what?
Definition
house
Term
If you use Remote Assistance with someone who does not have Windows7, an invitation file is sent. the invitation file includes a ________ that is used to connect the two computers.
Definition
password
Term
The ________ keys on the keyboard allow a user to cycle through all open windows.
Definition
Alt+Tab
Term
What is displayed in the left pane of the Start menu?
Definition
A short list of commonly accessed programs from your hard drive.
Term
Notepad files end with a ______ extension.
Definition
.txt
Term
What is included of the Windows defender?
Definition
  • it is included with Windows 7.
  • it is antispyware software.
  • it identifies and removes spyware. 
Term
What program provides alerts in regard to monitoring your system for maintenance and security settings?
Definition
Action Center