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Ch. Six
medical terms
168
Medical
03/06/2010

Additional Medical Flashcards

 


 

Cards

Term
albumin/o
Definition
protein
Term
balan/o
Definition
glans penis
Term
crypt/o
Definition
hidden
Term
cyst/o
Definition
bladder
Term
glyc/o
Definition
sugar
Term
hem/o, hemat/o
Definition
blood
Term
hydr/o
Definition
water
Term
ket/o
Definition
ketones
Term
nephr/o
Definition
kidney, nephron
Term
noct/i, nyct/o
Definition
night
Term
orchid/o, orchi/o, orch/o
Definition
testis
Term
prostat/o
Definition
prostate
Term
pyel/o
Definition
renal pelvis
Term
ren/o
Definition
kidney
Term
spermat/o, sperm/o
Definition
sperm
Term
ur/o
Definition
urine, urinary
Term
ureter/o
Definition
ureter
Term
urethr/o
Definition
urethra
Term
vas/o
Definition
vessel, vas deferens
Term
circum-
Definition
encircling, making a circle
Term
de-
Definition
down from, less than normal
Term
ex-
Definition
out of
Term
in-
Definition
not, in
Term
poly-
Definition
too much, too many
Term
-trans
Definition
across
Term
-cide
Definition
kill
Term
-cise
Definition
cut
Term
-cyst
Definition
bladder, cyst
Term
-dynia
Definition
pain
Term
-ism
Definition
condition, theory
Term
-lysis
Definition
destruction
Term
-pexy
Definition
fixation
Term
-ptosis
Definition
prolapse
Term
-rrhagia
Definition
hemorrhage or bleeding
Term
-rrhaphy
Definition
suture
Term
-rrhea
Definition
flow, discharge
Term
-scopy
Definition
process of looking using a scope
Term
-stomy
Definition
making a new opening
Term
-tripsy
Definition
crushing
Term
-uria
Definition
in the urine
Term
urology
Definition
study of anatomy and physiology of the male and female urinary system and male reproductive system
Term
urologist
Definition
specialist who diagnoses and treats urinary and male reproductive system disorders
Term
spermatozoa
Definition
sperm cells
Term
spermatogenesis
Definition
formation of sperm
Term
spermolysis, spermatolysis
Definition
destruction of spermatozoa
Term
spermatoblast, spermoblast
Definition
embryonic male cell
Term
spermatocyst
Definition
bladder or sac containing sperm
Term
spermatoid
Definition
resembling sperm
Term
spermatopathy
Definition
disease of the sperm
Term
spermicide
Definition
an agent used to kill sperm
Term
orchidectomy, orchiectomy, orchectomy
Definition
excision of the testicle
Term
orchialgia, orchidalgia, orchiodynia
Definition
pain in the testes
Term
testicular
Definition
adjectival form of testicle
Term
cryptorchidism
Definition
failure of the testes to descend into the scrotum, remains hidden in the abdominal cavity
Term
orchidoplasty
Definition
surgical repair of the testes
Term
orchidocele
Definition
herniation of a testicle
Term
orchidotomy
Definition
incision into a testicle
Term
prostatic
Definition
adjectival form of prostate
Term
prostatitis
Definition
inflammation of the prostate
Term
prostatorrhea
Definition
abnormal flow or discharge from the prostate gland
Term
prostatalgia
Definition
prostatic pain
Term
balanitis
Definition
inflammation of the glans penis
Term
balanoplasty
Definition
surgical repair of the glans penis
Term
penile
Definition
adjective form for penis
Term
penitis
Definition
inflammation of the penis
Term
penoscrotal
Definition
pertaining to the penis and scrotum
Term
circumcision
Definition
surgical procedure to remove the foreskin of the penis
Term
vasodilatation
Definition
enlarging the diameter of a vessel
Term
dilatation, dilation
Definition
enlarging the diameter
Term
vasoconstriction
Definition
decreasing the diameter of a vessel
Term
vasometer
Definition
adjective that refers to nerves that control the tone of the blood vessel walls
Term
vasal
Definition
pertaining to vessel
Term
vasospasm
Definition
spasm of a vessel
Term
vasotripsy
Definition
crushing of a vessel (with forceps to stop hemorrhage)
Term
vasotomy
Definition
incision into the vas deferens
Term
vasorrhaphy
Definition
suture of the vas deferens
Term
vasostomy
Definition
making a new opening into the vas deferens
Term
vasectomy
Definition
removal of a segment of the vas deferens
Term
-uria
Definition
suffix meaning a condition of urine or urination
Term
nephrologist
Definition
a urologist that treats kidney disorders
Term
urogenital
Definition
pertaining to the urinary tract and genitals
Term
uropathy
Definition
any disease of the urinary tract
Term
nephritis
Definition
inflammation of the kidney
Term
nephrolysis
Definition
destruction of kidney tissue
Term
nephrolith
Definition
stone in the kidney
Term
nephromalacia
Definition
softening of the kidney tissue
Term
nephromegaly
Definition
enlargement of the kidney
Term
nephroptosis
Definition
prolapsed kidney (dropped out of position)
Term
orchidoptosis
Definition
prolapse of a testicle
Term
pyelitis
Definition
inflammation of the renal pelvis
Term
pyeloplasty
Definition
surgical repair of the renal pelvis
Term
pyelonephrosis
Definition
condition of the renal pelvis and kidney
Term
pyelonephritis
Definition
inflammation of the renal pelvis and kidney
Term
ureterolith
Definition
stone or calculus in the ureter
Term
ureterorrhagia
Definition
bleeding in the ureter
Term
ureterorraphy
Definition
suturing of the ureter
Term
ureteroptosis
Definition
prolapse of a ureter
Term
ureteropyeloplasty
Definition
plastic surgery of the ureter and renal pelvis
Term
ureteropyelitis
Definition
inflammation of the ureter and renal pelvis
Term
ureterocystostomy
Definition
making a new opening between the ureter and bladder
Term
ureteropyosis
Definition
a condition of the ureter involving pus
Term
nephrorrhaphy
Definition
suturing the kidney
Term
cystorrhaphy
Definition
suturing the bladder
Term
neurorrhaphy
Definition
suturing a nerve
Term
urethrorrhaphy
Definition
suturing the urethra
Term
urethrotomy
Definition
incision into the urethra
Term
urethrospasm
Definition
spasm of the urethra
Term
urethrorectal
Definition
pertaining to the urethra and rectum
Term
urethrovaginal
Definition
pertaining to the urethra and vagina
Term
urethrocystitis
Definition
inflammation of the urethra and bladder
Term
urethrorrhagia
Definition
hemorrhage of the urethra
Term
cystorrhagia
Definition
bleeding or hemorrhage of the bladder
Term
renal
Definition
pertaining to the kidney
Term
renopathy
Definition
any kidney disease
Term
renogram
Definition
record from x-ray of the kidney
Term
cystoplasty
Definition
surgical repair of the bladder
Term
hydrocyst
Definition
sac, or bladder, filled with watery fluid
Term
cystotomy
Definition
incision into the bladder
Term
cystectomy
Definition
excision of the bladder
Term
cytoscopy
Definition
process of using an instrument to examine the urinary bladder
Term
cystoptosis
Definition
prolapse of the bladder
Term
cystocele
Definition
herniation of the bladder (typically into the vagina)
Term
cystorrhea
Definition
flowing from the bladder
Term
cystorrhaphy
Definition
suturing of the bladder
Term
urinary retention
Definition
retaining urine in the bladder
Term
polyuria
Definition
frequent urination
Term
nocturia
Definition
having to urinate frequently at night
Term
nocturnal enuresis
Definition
bedwetting
Term
dysuria
Definition
difficult or painful urination
Term
urinary incontinence
Definition
inability to control urination
Term
anuria
Definition
lack of urine formation
Term
oliguria
Definition
scant or abnormally small amounts of urine
Term
diuresis
Definition
increased production of urine to excrete excess water
Term
hematuria
Definition
blood in the urine
Term
albuminuria
Definition
protein (albumin) in the urine
Term
ketonuria
Definition
ketones (from lipolysis) in the urine
Term
glycosuria, glucosuria
Definition
glucose in the urine
Term
dehydration
Definition
loss of water
Term
excretion
Definition
process of expelling (or removing from the body) a substance
Term
secretions
Definition
useful substances like hormones
Term
excretions
Definition
usually waste substances (sweat, urine, carbon dioxide, menstrual blood, feces)
Term
transurethral
Definition
across or through the urethra
Term
transposed
Definition
means switched
Term
cardiac transposition
Definition
the heart is positioned more to the right side of the thorax instead of toward the left side
Term
expiration
Definition
breathing out
Term
inspiration
Definition
breathing in
Term
excise
Definition
cut out
Term
incise
Definition
cut into
Term
incompatible
Definition
when two things do not mix
Term
incompetence
Definition
occurs when an organ is unable to perform its function efficiently
Term
continence
Definition
ability to control defecation and urination
Term
incontinence
Definition
inability to control urination and defecation
Term
incurable
Definition
not able to be cured
Term
inclusion
Definition
condition of being enclosed
Term
ARF
Definition
acute renal failure
Term
BPH
Definition
benign prostatic hypertrophy (hyperplasia)
Term
BUN
Definition
blood urea nitrogen
Term
Cysto
Definition
cystoscopy
Term
ESRD
Definition
end-stage renal disease
Term
GU
Definition
genitourinary
Term
IVP
Definition
intravenous pyelogram
Term
KUB
Definition
kidney-ureter-bladder (x-ray)
Term
M
Definition
male
Term
PKU
Definition
phenylketonuria
Term
PSA
Definition
prostate-specific antigen
Term
TUR or TURP
Definition
transurethral resection of the prostate
Term
UTI
Definition
urinary tract infection
Term
Ua
Definition
urinalysis