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Chapter 8: Progress Test 1
Mrs.Montez
21
Philosophy
12/26/2011

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Term
The three steps in memory information processing are. . .
Definition
Encoding, storage, retrieval
Term
Visual sensory memory is referred to as. . .
Definition
Iconic memory
Term
Echoic memories fade after approximately. . .
Definition
3 to 4 minutes.
Term
Which of the following is NOT a measure of retention?
Definition
Relearning.
Term
Our short-term memory span is approximately ______ items.
Definition
7.
Term
Memory techniques such as acronyms and the peg-word system are called. . .
Definition
Mnemonic devices.
Term
One way to increase the amount of information in memory is to group it into larger, familiar units. This process is referred to as. . .
Definition
Chunking.
Term
Kandel and Schwartz have found that When learning occurs, more of the neurotransmitter ______ is released into synapses.
Definition
Serotonin.
Term
Research on memory contruction reveals that memories. . .
Definition
Reflect a person's biases and assumptions.
Term
In a study on context cues, people learned words while on land or when they were underwater. In a later test of recall, those with the best retention had. . .
Definition
Learned the words underwater, that is, in the more exotic context.
Term
The spacing effect means that. . .
Definition
Retention is improved when encoding and retrieval are separated by no more than 1 hour.
Term
Studies demonstrate that learning causes permanent neural changes in the _______ of animals' neurons.
Definition
All these parts: Synapses, Myelin, Cell Bodies.
Term
In Sperling's memory experiment, research participants were shown three rows of three letters, followed immediatley by a low, medium, or high tone. The participants were able to report. . .
Definition
All three rows with perfect accuracy.
Term
Studies of amnesia victims suggests that. . .
Definition
There are three distinct types of memory.
Term
Memory for skills is called. . .
Definition
Prime Memory.
Term
The eerie feeling of having been somewhere before is an example of. . .
Definition
Dèjà Vu.
Term
When Gordon Bower presented words grouped by category or in random order, recall was. . .
Definition
Better for the categorized words.
Term
The three-stage processing model of memory was proposed by. . .
Definition
Loftus and Palmer.
Term
Hypnotically "refreshed" memories may prove inaccurate-especially if the hypnotist asks leading questions-because of. . .
Definition
Proactive Interference.
Term
Which area of the brain is the most important in the processing of implicit memories?
Definition
Hippocampus.
Term
Which of the following terms does NOT belong with the others?
Definition
Suggestibility.