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Chapter 8 Level 1
Joints
25
Anatomy
03/10/2009

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Term
synarthrosis
Definition
ex. suture
Term
syndesmosis
Definition
a ligament connection such as between the bones of the lower leg
Term
adduction
Definition
a movement towards the midline of the body
Term
diarthrosis
Definition
ex. synovial joint
Term
synarthrosis
Definition
immovable joint
Term
inversion
Definition
a twisting motion of the foot that turns the sole inward
Term
around the blood vessels
Definition
What area is the birsae not found in?
Term
flexion
Definition
decreasing the angle between bones
Term
monoaxial articulation
Definition
movement occurs only in one axis
Term
flexion/extention
Definition
ex. nodding head up and down
Term
Osteoarthritis
Definition
a non-inflammatory type of arthritis, referred to as degenerative joint disease or "wear-and-tear arthritis"
Term
hinge
Definition
ex. elbow joint
Term
gliding or plane
Definition
ex. intercarpal articulations
Term
saddle joint
Definition
The joint at the base of the thumb
Term
shoulder joint
Definition
The joint that permits the greatest range of mobility of any joint in the body
Term
fibular collateral ligament
Definition
vital in preventing lateral rotation when the knee is extended
Term
cruciate ligaments
Definition
ligaments that limit the anterior-posterior movement of the femur and maintain the alignment of the femoral and tibial condyles
Term
Dorsiflexion
Definition
lifting the foot so that its superior surface approaches the shin
Term
plantar flexion
Definition
depressing the foot (pointing the toes)
Term
Synovial fluid
Definition
viscous consistency to reduce friction between the articular cartilages. It has nothing to do with osmotic pressure.
Term
synchondrosis
Definition
ex. epiphyseal growth plate
Term
synovial joint
Definition
ex. Acromioclavicular joint
Term
pronation
Definition
medial rotation of the forearm
Term
sprain
Definition
common sports injury involves the forceful inversion of the ankle joint in which the ligaments are stretched
Term
opposition
Definition
only thumb can do