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Chapter 8 - Joints
MY A&P Chapter 8
60
Biology
10/24/2011

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Term
Three structural classifications of joints?
Definition
Fibrous, Cartilaginous, Synovial
Term
Three Functional classifications of joints
Definition
Synarthotic, amphiarthotic, diarthrotic
Term
3 types of Fibrous Joints
Definition
Syndesmosis, sutures, Gomphosis
Term
Synarthrotic
Definition
Immovable
Term
Amphiarthrotic
Definition
Slightly moveable
Term
Diarthrotic
Definition
Freely movable
Term
Syndesmosis- Synarthrotic, amphiarthrotic, or diarthrotic?
Definition
Amphiarthrotic (Slightly moveable)
Term
Location of Syndesmosis?
Definition
Distal ends of tibia and fibula
Term
Syndesmosis is what type of joint?
Definition
Fibrous
Term
Sutures are what type of joint?
Definition
Fibrous
Term
Sutures are found where?
Definition
Between flat bones
Term
Sutures are synarthrotic, amphiarthrotic, or diarthrotic?
Definition
Synarthrotic
Term
Sutures are what type of joints?
Definition
Fibrous
Term
Gomphosis is what type of joint?
Definition
Fibrous
Term
Gomphosis are synarthrotic, amphiarthrotic, or diarthrotic?
Definition
Synarthrotic
Term
Gomphosis are found where?
Definition
Tooth in Jawbone
Term
Two types of Cartilaginous Joints?
Definition
Synchondrosis, Symphysis
Term
Synchondrosis is what type of joint?
Definition
Cartilaginous
Term
Synchondrosis is found where?
Definition
Epiphyseal plate and between manubrium and first rib
Term
Synchondrosis are bands of _____ cartilage that unit bones
Definition
Hyaline
Term
Synchondrosis are synarthrotic, amphiarthrotic, or diarthrotic?
Definition
Synarthrotic
Term
Symphysis are what type of joints?
Definition
Cartilaginous Joints
Term
Symphysis joints are found where?
Definition
Pubic Symphysis & Between bodies of vertebrae
Term
Symphysis joints are pads of _____ between bones
Definition
Fibrocartilage
Term
Symphysis Joints are synarthrotic, Amphiarthotic, or diarthrotic?
Definition
Amphiarthrotic
Term
Synovial joints are Synarthotic, Amphiarthotic, or diarthrotic?
Definition
Diarthrotic
Term
Synovial joints are found where?
Definition
Ends of long bones
Term
Synovial joints are surronded by
Definition
Articual capsule
Term
the pad of fibrocartilage that lies between boens that meet at the joint is...
Definition
menisci
Term
in a synovial joint a _____ ______ ______ seperates the bones
Definition
Fluid filled cavity
Term
The shoulder joint is an example of a ___ and ____
Definition
Ball and Socket
Term
The knee joint is the largest/smallest joint
Definition
Largest
Term
The knee joint is the most/least complex?
Definition
Most complex
Term
The knee joint is the most/least complex?
Definition
Most complex
Term
Fibrocartilage located between articular surfaces attaches to joint capsule peripherally and free surface projects into joint cavity functions to cushion and help distribute functions to cushion and help distrubte body weight onto the articular surfaces.
Definition
Menisci
Term
Joint stiffness is an early sign of
Definition
Aging
Term
Fibrous joints are the ____ to stiffen over a lifetime
Definition
First
Term
                Life-span Changes ---               Changes in symphysis joints of vertebral column ____ flexibilty and ___ height
Definition
Diminish & Decrease
Term
Lifespan changes - Synovial joints lose ______
Definition
Elasticity
Term
Sprains happen to
Definition
Ligaments
Term
Strains happen to
Definition
Muscles and tendons
Term
Bursitis is the ______ of a bursa
Definition
Inflammation
Term
Rhematoid Arthritis is when
Definition
The body attacks joints
Term
Gout is found in
Definition
the big toe
Term
Terrible Triad
Definition
ACL repair- Torn Tibial Collateral ligament, medial meniscus, and anterior cruciate ligament
Term
Synovial, ball and socket, diarthotic, multial axial.
Definition
Shoulder joint
Term
Synovial, ball and socket, diarthotic, multial axial.
Definition
Shoulder joint
Term
Synovial, hinge, diarthrotic, uniaxial, flexion, extention of the forearm
Definition
Elbow joint
Term
Amphiarthrotic, slightly moveable, enhanced during pregnancy
Definition
Pubic symphysis joint
Term
Two layers of joint capsule
Definition
Fibrous, synovial joint
Term
Ball and socket, head of femor, heavy joint cavity, reinforcing ligaments, less moveable than shoulder joint
Definition
Hip joint
Term
ability to bend front and back with spine
Definition
Amplication by summation
Term
Osteoarthritis is low levels of _____
Definition
Calcuim
Term
Higned Synovial joint, menisci seperate femur and tibia by cshioning and distrubting body weight onto articualar surfaces
Definition
Knee joint
Term
Intercarpal to intertarsal
Definition
Gliding
Term
Flexion, extention, adduction, abduction, curcumduction
Definition
Angualar
Term
Medial to internal, lateral to external
Definition
Rotation
Term
Six types of Synovial Joints?
Definition
1. Plane
2. Hinge
3. Condyloid
4. Saddle
5. Pivot
6. Ball and socket
Term
Muscle to bone
Definition
Tendons
Term
bone to bone
Definition
Ligaments