Shared Flashcard Set

Details

Chapter 7
National Growing Pains
50
History
08/20/2012

Additional History Flashcards

 


 

Cards

Term
Although Macon's Bill No.2 temporarily removed all restrictions on trade,
Definition
non-intercourse would be reapplied to either major power if the other ceased violating American neutral rights.
Term
President Madison reapplied the non-intercourse policy to Great Britain because
Definition
he mistakenly believed that France was no longer seizing American ships.
Term
One of the major reasons for American entry in the War of 1812 was the
Definition
American belief that the British were inspiring Native American resistance to American expansion.
Term
The Shawnee chief who tried to bind all of the tribes east of the Mississippi into a great confederation in the early 1800's was...
Definition
Tecumseh
Term
Tecumseh's brother, Tenskwatawa (or "The Prophet")...
Definition
declared Native Americans should reject white ways, clothes, and liquor.
Term
In the early 1800's, American settlers blamed frontier warfare on a scheme by...
Definition
the British.
Term
Among the causes of the War of 1812 was the...
Definition
desire of Westerners to expand into Canada and Florida.
Term
The War Hawks called for war against Great Britain because they...
Definition
wanted to defend the national honor and save the republic from British domination.
Term
The greatest opposition to the War of 1812 came from...
Definition
shipowners.
Term
In the War of 1812, Captain Isaac Hull commanded the frigate  ________ to a brilliant victory over the H.M.S. Guerriere.
Definition
Constitution
Term
In the War of 1812, the most effective American action against British shipping was by...
Definition
privateering merchantmen.
Term
The map "The War of 1812" depicts the British tactic in America of a(n)...
Definition
naval blockade of the American coast.
Term
The British changed their strategy against the United States in 1814 because...
Definition
the war in Europe, which had diverted their attention earlier, was now over.
Term
The major U.S. city sacked and burned by the British in 1814 was...
Definition
Washington.
Term
The Treaty of Ghent(1814) ending the War of 1812...
Definition
simply reestablished the staus quo ante bellum.
Term
During the War of 1812, Federalists in New England...
Definition
refused to provide militia to aid in the fight.
Term
In January 1815, which of the following gave states the right to assert their authority should "deliberate, dangerous and palpable infractions of the Constitution" be made?
Definition
the Hartford Convention
Term
As a result of the War of 1812, the Federalists...
Definition
were discredited as a political party.
Term
The Battle of New Orleans in 1815 resulted in the...
Definition
emergence of Andrew Jackson as a military hero.
Term
The measure in which Great Britain and the United States agreed to set a limit on the number of armed vessels on the Great Lakes was the...
Definition
Rush-Bagot Agreement
Term
The American general who pursued the Seminole Native Americans into Florida and seized two Spanish forts was...
Definition
Andrew Jackson
Term
The Transcontinental Treaty of 1819...
Definition
transferred Florida to the United States for $5 million and settled the southern boundary of the Louisiana territory to the Pacific.
Term
The Monroe Doctrine...
Definition
hoped to isolate the United States from involvement in European affairs.
Term
The Monroe Doctrine's warning against European interference in America came because ________ colonies rebelled to gain their independence.
Definition
Spain's
Term
"The American continents, by the free and independent condition which they have assumed and maintain, and henceforth not to be considered as subjects for future colonization by any European powers." The source of this quote is...
Definition
the Monroe Doctrine.
Term
What "may be seen as the final stage in the evolution of American independence"?
Definition
Monroe Doctrine
Term
The "Era of Good Feelings" was noted for the...
Definition
absence of organized political parties opposing each other.
Term
By 1820 the American population and geographic area both...
Definition
doubled.
Term
The original Bank of the United States that Hamilton proposed...
Definition
did not have its charter renewed when it expired in 1811.
Term
The depression of 1819 was worsened by the policies of...
Definition
the second Bank of the United States.
Term
Western opinion on public land policy in the early nineteenth century generally favored...
Definition
reducing the price and the minimum size offered for sale.
Term
The group which consistently favored low prices and easy credit for western lands was...
Definition
westerner settlers.
Term
How was slavery a sectional issue before 1820?
Definition
Most white Americans saw slavery as mainly a local issue.
Term
The best known political leader of the North in the early 1820's, who served brilliantly as Monroe's secretary of state, was...
Definition
John Quincy Adams.
Term
The gregarious New York politician who never took a political position if he could avoid doing so and who led a political machine known as the Albany Regency was...
Definition
Martin Van Buren.
Term
In the 1820's, the most prominent southern leader, the highly successful secretary of the treasury under Monroe, was...
Definition
William H. Crawford.
Term
John C. Calhoun of South Carolina was...
Definition
devoted to the South, but known for his broad national view of political affairs.
Term
The outstanding western leader of the 1820's, combining a charismatic personality with great skills at arranging political compromises, was...
Definition
Henry Clay.
Term
The essential question involved in the Missouri Compromise was whether or not Missouri would...
Definition
come into the Union as a free or slave state.
Term
As a result of the Missouri Compromise, which two states were admitted into the Union?
Definition
Missouri and Maine
Term
The vote in the House of Representatives on Tallmadge's amendment to the Missouri Enabling Act in 1819 demonstrated that...
Definition
the rapidly growing North controlled the House of Representatives.
Term
Northern objections to admitting Missouri as a slave state were based on...
Definition
the overrepresentation they thought Missouri would have because of the Three-Fifths Compromise.
Term
The state admitted to the Union on the condition that, in the future, slavery was prohibited in the area of the Louisiana Purchase north of the 36°30' line was...
Definition
Missouri.
Term
The election of 1824 was waged on mainly personal grounds because the...
Definition
previous party system had collapsed.
Term
The president chosen in 1824 by the House of Representatives when no candidate received a majority of votes in the Electoral College was...
Definition
John Quincy Adams.
Term
As president, John Quincy Adams...
Definition
was an inept politician.
Term
The Tariff of 1828 was so high that in the South it was called the...
Definition
Tariff of Abominations.
Term

The "Tariff of Abominations" was

so-called by its detractors because it...

Definition
threatened to impoverish the South with its excessively high rates.
Term
The author of the South Carolina Exposition and Protest who, drawing on the works of John Locke, stated that it was within the authority of a state to nullify a law within its boundaries if a state convention found an act of Congress unconstitutional was...
Definition
John C. Calhoun
Term
In the face of growing sectionalism, which of the following was NOT a unifying force among the American landscape?
Definition
the ideas of preeminent politicians, such as those found in Calhoun's Exposition and Protest.