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Chapter 7
Test Review
40
History
01/19/2006

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Cards

Term
What were the goals of the writers of the state constituitons?
Definition
to place limited power on the government and to keep power in the hands of the people.
Term
State constitutions made which branch of government the most powerful?
Definition
Legislative
Term
What plan for a national government did Congress adopt in November 1777?
Definition
The Articles of Confederation
Term
What could Congress do and not do under this plan?
Definition
could= conduct foreign affairs, maintain armed forces, borrow money and issue currency.

couldn't= regulate trade, force citizens to join the army or impose taxes
Term
When did the Confederation formally become the government of the United States?
Definition
March 1, 1781
Term
Who proposed the 1784 plan to divide the Western territory into self-governing districts?
Definition
Thomas Jefferson
Term
What did the Ordinance of 1785 establish?
Definition
a procedure for surveying and selling western lands north of the Ohio river.
Term
What did the Ordinance of 1785 establish?
Definition
a procedure for surveying and selling western lands north of the Ohio river.
Term
Why did the value of the money printed during the Revolutionary War plummet?
Definition
no gold or silver backed it up
Term
What did Robert Morris propose to help pay the national debt?
Definition
a 5% tax on imported goods.
Term
Why did the British trade policy upset American merchants?
Definition
The British were keeping Americans out of the West Indies and other profitable British markets.
Term
What did Spain do to halt American expansion into its territory?
Definition
block the Mississippi River to shipping
Term
What British document provided an important model for the Americans?
Definition
The English Bill of Rights of 1689
Term
What idea did the Enlightment provoke?
Definition
knowledge, reason and science as the means to improve society
Term
What is federalism?
Definition
sharing power between the federal and state powers
Term
Under the new system, what became the final and supreme authority in disputes between the federal government and state governments?
Definition
The Constitution
Term
What are the powers of Congress?
Definition
legislative, executive and judicial
Term
Who or what indirectly elects the president and vice president?
Definition
The Electoral College
Term
Which courts are included in the judicial branch?
Definition
The Supreme Court and a few lower selected federal courts
Term
What does the seperation of powers prevent?
Definition
one branch dominating the others
Term
What did the new government pledge?
Definition
to protect the personal freedoms of its citizens
Term
What are the names of otwo highly respected men who were Federalists?
Definition
George Washinton and Benjamin Franklin
Term
Why did the Antifederalists fear an energetic central government?
Definition
oppression; a few ppl controlling many was intimidating
Term
What was the strongest critcism against the new Constitution?
Definition
there was no bill of rights
Term
What two states were important to the future of the new government?
Definition
Virginia and New York
Term
When would a bill of rights be added to the constitution?
Definition
1791
Term
After the war, America had a shortage of what?
Definition
money
Term
Who suffered because they couldn't sell their goods after the war?
Definition
farmers
Term
Who suffered because they couldn't sell their goods after the war?
Definition
farmers
Term
What did state officials seized from farmers when they couldn't pay their state taxes?
Definition
their lands
Term
What was the name of the event that happened in January 1787 in which more than 1,000 farmers marched tot he federal arsenal in Springfield, Massachusetts?
Definition
Shays's Rebellion
Term
Who organized the first antislavery society in 1774 in Pennslyvania?
Definition
The Quakers
Term
James Madison and who were active in the movement to reform the Articles of Confederation?
Definition
Alexander Hamilton
Term
In what city did the COnstitutional Convention take place in May 1787.
Definition
Philadelphia
Term
The delegates unanimously chose who as presiding officer?
Definition
George Washington
Term
Endmund Randolph introduced the what, which called for a two-house legislature, a chief executive chosen by the legislature, and a court system?
Definition
Virginia Plan
Term
Delegates from small states objected to the Virginia Plan because representatives were chosen according to the _______ of the state.
Definition
population
Term
What agreement did Robert Sherman propose in order to resolve the convention;s disagreements?
Definition
The Great Compromise
Term
Congress wouldn't interfere with what until 1808?
Definition
the slave trade
Term
When did delegates assembele to sign the Constitution?
Definition
September 17, 1787