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Chapter 28 exam 3
AMH Since 1877
24
History
12/12/2012

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Term
Federal Highway Act of 1956
Definition
Measure that provided federal funding to build a nationwide system of interstate and defense highways.
Term
Massive retaliation
Definition
Popular name for the military doctrine adopted in the 1950s, whereby the U.S. promised to respond to any attack on itself or its allies with massive force including nuclear weapons.
Term
National Aeronautics and space administration (Nasa)
Definition
Federal agency created in 1958 to manage American space flights and exploration
Term
New Frontier
Definition
John F. Kennedy's domestic and foreign policy initiatives designed to reinvigorate a sense of national purpose and energy.
Term
Bay of Pigs
Definition
Site in Cuba of an unsuccessful landing by fourteen hundred anti-Castro Cuban refugees in April 1961
Term
Berlin Wall
Definition
Wall erected by East Germany in 1961 that isolated West Berlin from the surrounding areas in Communist-controlled East Berlin and East Germany
Term
Southeast Asia Treaty Organization (SEATO)
Definition
Mutual defense alliance signed in 1954 by the united states Britain France Thailand Pakistan the Philippines Australia and new zealand
Term
Viet Cong
Definition
Communist rebels in South Vietnam who fought the pro-American government established in South Vietnam in 1954
Term
Alliance for progress
Definition
Program of economic aid to Latin America during the Kennedy administration.
Term
Limited test ban treaty
Definition
Treaty signed by the united states, Britain and the soviet union, outlawing nuclear testing in the atmosphere in outer space and under water
Term
Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka
Definition
Supreme Court decision in 1954 that declared that "separate but equal" schools for children of different races violated the Constitution.
Term
Southern Manifesto
Definition
A document signed by 101 members of Congress from Southern states in 1956 that argued that the supreme Court's decision in Brown v. Board of education of Topeka itself contradicted the constitution.
Term
Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC)
Definition
Black Civil rights organization founded in 1957 by Martin Luther King Jr. and other clergy.
Term
Student Nonviolent coordinating committee
Definition
Black civil rights organization founded in 1960 and drawing heavily on younger activists and college students.
Term
Congress of racial equality (CORE)
Definition
Civil Rights group formed in 1942 and committed to nonviolent civil disobedience.
Term
War on Poverty
Definition
Set of ;programs introduced by Lyndon Johnson between 1963 and 1966 designed to break the cycle of poverty by providing funds for job training, community development nutrition and supplementary education.
Term
Office of Economic Opportunity (OEO)
Definition
Federal agency that coordinated many programs of the war on poverty between 1964 and 1975
Term
Civil rights act of 1964
Definition
Federal Legislation that outlawed discrimination in public accommodations and employment on the basis of race, skin color, sex, religion, or national origin.
Term
Freedom summer
Definition
Voter registration effort in rural Mississippi organized by black and white civil rights workers in 1964
Term
Voting Rights Act
Definition
Legislation in 1965 that overturned a variety of practices by which states systematically denied voter registration to minorities.
Term
Gulf of Tonkin Resolution
Definition
Request to Congress from President Lyndon Johnson in response to North Viet torpedo boat attacks in which he sought authorization for "all necessary measures" to protect American forces and stop further aggression.
Term
Great Society
Definition
Theme of Lyndon Johnson's administration focusing on poverty, education, and civil rights.
Term
Medicare
Definition
Basic Medical insurance for the elderly, financed through the federal government; program created in 1965
Term
Medicaid
Definition
Supplementary medial insurance for the poor, financed through the federal government program created in 1965.