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Chapter 22
Gilded Age Politics and Agrarian Revolt
65
History
07/15/2013

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Term
Chester A. Arthur...
Definition
was Garfield's vice president.
Term
William Jennings Bryan...
Definition
was a Democratic presidential candidate in 1896.
Term
Grover Cleveland...
Definition
was elected to two nonconsecutive terms as president.
Term
Jacob S. Coxey...
Definition
led march on Washington, D.C., to demand that the federal government provide jobs for the unemployed.
Term
Mark Hanna...
Definition
was McKinley's campaign manager.
Term
Mary Elizabeth Lease...
Definition
told farmers to obtain their goals with either the ballot or the bayonet.
Term
Oliver H. Kelley...
Definition
founded the Grange.
Term
Charles W. Macune...
Definition
devised the sub-treasury plan.
Term
Charles Dudley Warner...
Definition
co-wrote The Gilded Age.
Term
James B. Weaver...
Definition
was a Populist presidential candidate in 1892.
Term
True/False: During the Gilded Age, voter turnout was significantly higher than it is today.
Definition
True
Term
True/False: Through the Gilded Age, the Democrats controlled both houses of Congress.
Definition
False
Term
True/False: Politics in the late nineteenth century was dominated by a series of strong presidents.
Definition
False
Term
True/False: Benjamin Harrison was assassinated by a deranged office seeker.
Definition
False
Term
True/False: James A. Garfield was the first southerner to be elected president since the Civil War.
Definition
False
Term
True/False: Mugwumps tended to oppose civil service reform.
Definition
False
Term
True/False: Grover Cleveland was known as "the continental liar from the state of Maine."
Definition
False
Term
True/False: The Grand Army of the Republic was an organization of Union veterans.
Definition
True
Term
True/False: When first created, the Interstate Commerce Commission (ICC) was too weak to regulate the railroads effectively.
Definition
True
Term
True/False: As president, Benjamin Harrison supported generous pensions for veterans.
Definition
True
Term
True/False: One of the biggest problems farmers faced was falling commodity prices, caused in part by overproduction.
Definition
True
Term
True/False: Farmers were generally hurt by the high tariff.
Definition
True
Term
True/False: The Farmers' Alliances were strongest in the Midwest and Northeast.
Definition
False
Term
True/False: The Farmers' Alliances accepted female and black members.
Definition
True
Term
True/False: The Grange was the leading farm organization through the 1890s.
Definition
False
Term
True/False: In 1896 the Republican party supported the gold standard.
Definition
True
Term
True/False: After his defeat in 1896, William Jennings Bryan's proposals were largely forgotten.
Definition
False
Term
When Mark Twain and Charles Dudley Warner labeled the post-Civil War era the "gilded age," the implied that it was characterized by:
Definition
Widespread greed and corruption.
Term
Voter turnout during the Gilded Age was commonly:
Definition
Between 70 and 80 percent.
Term
The one issue on which there were clear-cut divisions between Democrats and Republicans in the Gilded Age was:
Definition
The tariff.
Term
How much support did people living during the Gilded Age expect from the federal government?
Definition
Very little.
Term
Rutherford B. Hayes never had a serious chance of a second term as president because of:
Definition
The controversy over his election in 1876.
Term
Chester A. Arthur:
Definition
Was tapped as Garfield's vice president to please the Stalwarts.
Term
The "Mongrel tariff" of 1883:
Definition
was called the "mongrel tariff" because it called for different rates for different commodities.
Term
The Pendleton Civil Service Reform Act:
Definition
provided for appointment to a number of government jobs on the basis of competitive exams.
Term
Which of the following best describes Rutherford B. Hayes and civil service reform?
Definition
Hayes was unable to get civil service legislation through Congress, but he set up his own rules for merit appointments.
Term
The Stalwarts:
Definition
Were led by Roscoe Conkling.
Term
As president, Chester Arthur proved to be:
Definition
Surprisingly competent and independent.
Term
Which of the following was a Democrat?
Definition
Winfield Scott Hancock
Term
During the campaign for the presidential election of 1884, many prominent Republican leaders and supporters left the party because:
Definition
Letters were discovered linking candidate James G. Blaine to the railroads.
Term
Mugwumps were centered in:
Definition
Large cities and major universities.
Term
In 1884 Speaker of the House James G. Blaine was sullied by his ties to:
Definition
Letters bribing him.
Term
Which of the following had an illegitimate child?
Definition
Grover Cleveland
Term
A reference in the 1884 presidential campaign to "rum, Romanism, and rebellion":
Definition
Hurt candidate James G. Blaine.
Term
Grover Cleveland:
Definition
Had a strictly limited view of government's role.
Term
The Interstate Commerce Commission:
Definition
Was created to regulate railroads.
Term
Grover Cleveland showed political courage when he vetoed legislation favored by:
Definition
Union veterans.
Term
President Cleveland's most dramatic challenge to the power of special interests focused on:
Definition
Tariff reform.
Term
In the election of 1888, which party became known as the Grand Old Party?
Definition
Republican.
Term
Benjamin Harrison was elected president:
Definition
Even though he received fewer popular votes than the loser, Grover Cleveland.
Term
The McKinley Tariff of 1890:
Definition
Raised duties on manufactured goods.
Term
Which of the following was NOT a factor in the decline of commodity prices during the Gilded Age?
Definition
The Sherman Silver Purchase Act decreased the amount of silver purchased by the government and therefore caused deflation and lower prices.
Term
In Munn v. Illinois, the Supreme Court upheld:
Definition
The right of state and local governments to regulate industry essential to the public welfare.
Term
Passage of the "Granger Laws":
Definition
Laid a foundation for stronger legislation to follow.
Term
In the 1878 midterm elections, this party polled more than 1 million votes and elected fifteen congressmen:
Definition
Greenback.
Term
The sub-treasury plan:
Definition
Allowed farmers to secure low-interest government loans.
Term
The Farmers' Alliances:
Definition
Helped establish the Populist Party.
Term
All of the following were included in the 1892 Omaha Platform of the People's party: graduated income tax, increasing the amount of currency in circulation, nationalizing the railroads, and implementing the sub-treasury plan EXCEPT
Definition
Halting the free and unlimited coinage of silver.
Term
In the presidential election of 1892, the Populist candidate:
Definition
Won 22 electoral votes.
Term
Alliance meetings and Populists rallies often occurred in:
Definition
Churches.
Term
Mary Elizabeth Lease:
Definition
Advised farmers to obtain their goals "with the ballot if possible, but if not that way then with the bayonet."
Term
In the depression of 1893, unemployment hovered around:
Definition
20 percent.
Term
One of the causes of the 1893 depression was failure of:
Definition
A British bank.
Term
Following the 1893 depression, Coxey's Army:
Definition
Demanded government jobs for the unemployed.
Term
"You shall not crucify mankind upon a cross of gold!" This statement was made by:
Definition
William Jennings Bryan