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Ch 3 & 4
n/a
44
Psychology
10/06/2010

Additional Psychology Flashcards

 


 

Cards

Term

The relation between the amount of physical energy in a stimulus and the sensory experience of that stimulus is studied by:

Definition
Psychophysics
Term
Drugs that speed up the functioning of the nervous system are called _____.
Definition
Stimulants
Term
Our awareness of various mental processes such as making decisions, daydreaming, reflection, and concentrating is called _____.
Definition
Consciousness
Term
What do we call a state of consciousness that can result from the use of alcohol, drugs, or hypnosis?
Definition
Altered state of consciousness
Term
The oval window, cochlea, and basilar membrane are all part of the:
Definition
Inner ear
Term
What term do sleep researchers use to designate stages 1-4 of sleep?
Definition
Hirem
Term
The change in the shape of the lens in order to focus on a visual image is known as _____.
Definition
Visual accommodation 
Term
If you stare for 30 seconds at a red object and then look at a blank sheet of white paper, you will see a greenish image of the object. This phenomenon best supports the:
Definition
After image
Term
The idea that the eye contains separate receptors for red, green, and blue, is known as the ____ theory.
Definition
Trichomatic
Term
When Ann went to her doctor, he gave her a hearing test. During the test, the doctor presented tones of Ann through earphones. The tones started at a low intensity and then became louder. The doctor asked Ann to raise her hand whenever she stated to hear a sound. The doctor was testing Ann's ______.
Definition
Absolute threshold 
Term
Jim is 56 years old and slightly overweight. His wife reports that he snores loudly. What sleep disorder seems to fit Jim's symptoms?
Definition
Sleep aphnea
Term
What are the five primary tastes?
Definition

Bitter

   Umami

 Sweet

Salty

Sour

Term
The sense of smell is also known as ______.
Definition
Olfaction
Term

Your brain waves are being monitored in a sleep laboratory. If you are in deep sleep less than an hour after falling asleep, what brain waves will be detected?

 

Definition
Delta
Term
Morphine, heroin, and methadone _____.
Definition
Opciates
Term

Visual distance and depth cues that require the use of both eyes are called _____.

 

Definition
Binocular cues
Term
If you are watching sleep researchers monitor the sleep of a normal adult. The participant is hooked up to an EEG. What brain waves would you observe as the person becomes drowsy and then enters the first stage of sleep?
Definition
Alpha waves then replaced by theta
Term
When Ann went to her doctor, he gave her a hearing test. During the test, the doctor struck several tuning forks, each of which vibrated at a distinct pitch, and asked her to choose two tones that sounded almost the same in pitch. The doctor was testing Ann's _____.
Definition
Bone condition and mastoid process
Term
The saying, "Birds of a feather flock together" is most closely aligned with the ____ principle of perceptual organization.
Definition
Similarities
Term
A client tells his therapist about a dream of riding on a train with his boss. At the end of the journey, the boss gets off the train as a terminal. The therapist suggests that the "terminal" in the dream indicates an unconscious desire by the client to "terminate" his boss. This desire to terminate the boss, if it exists, would reflect what Freud called the _____ content of the dream.
Definition
Latent
Term
Daydreaming, meditation, intoxication, sleep, and hypnosis are all types of _____.
Definition
Altered state of consciousness
Term
Which of the following choices is NOT a monocular cue that painters can incorporate into their work to convey information about the relative distances of objects?
Definition
monocular (singular)
Term
What is the basic function of the outer ear?
Definition
To protect the eardrum 
Term
You are listening to a person who keeps telling you to relax, attempting to create situation in which you are likely to follow suggestion. What treatement are you undergoing?
Definition
Hypnosis 
Term
What is the pupil of the eye?
Definition
 Allows light to enter cornea
Term
When light waves enter the eye, they first pass through the ______.
Definition
Cornea
Term
The principle that the just noticeable difference of any given sense is a constant fraction or proportion of the stimulus being judged is called ______.
Definition
Difference threshold 
Term
Receptor cells in the retina responsible for color vision and fine acuity are _____.
Definition
Cones
Term
The skin senses are concerned with _____.
Definition
Sensory receptiors
Term
A biological cycle, or rhythm, that is approximately 24 hours long is called a(n) _____ cycle. 
Definition
Circadian rhythm
Term
The process by which unchanging information from the senses of taste, touch, smell, and vision is "ignored" by the sensory receptor cells themselves is called _____.
Definition
Opponent-process theory
Term
A newspaper advertisement describes a book that offers interpretations of dreams. In attempting to tell readers the meaning of the symbols of their dreams, the author intends to describe the ______.
Definition
Dream interpretation
Term
You are telling a joke to your friend who is laughing uproariously and then suddenly collapses to the floor. You are not surprised to later learn that he has a sleep disorder known as ______. 
Definition
Merculupsy
Term
To treat your sleep problem you are told that you should not nap, you should set your alarm clock to wake up at the same time each day, and you should get our of bed if you cannot sleep. What sleep disorder have you been experiencing?
Definition
Insomnia 
Term
Nicotine is a _____. 
Definition
Stimulant drug
Term
If you have been waking up too early for several weeks, you are probably suffering from ______.
Definition
Sleep deprivation
Term
The tendency to perceive things with a continuous pattern rather than with a complex, broken-up pattern is known as _____.
Definition
Continuity
Term
Which of the following properties of sound would be the most similar to the color, or hue, of light?
Definition
Vibration of sound
Term
Periods of REM sleep alternate with periods of non-REM sleep in a cycle that recurs about every ____ minutes or so.
Definition
90-110
Term
Dr. Delmar wants to determine how loud a certain noise must be in order for it to be heard from a distance of 50 feet. Her question involves the concept of:
Definition
Wave length
Term
Our awareness of various mental processes, such as making decisions, daydreaming, reflecting, and concentrating, is called _____.
Definition
Consciousness
Term
The bone that is attached to the eardrum is called the _____; the bone that is connected to the oval window is called the ______. 
Definition
Anvil-stirrups 
Term
The clear, transparent protective coating over the front part of the eye is the ______.
Definition
Cornea
Term
Cells that are triggered by the light, vibrations, sounds, touch, or chemical substances are called _______.
Definition
Sensory receptors