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Ch 21 Exam 2 study guide
FNU study guide questions for module 2, ch 21
18
Nursing
11/04/2012

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Term
Which of the following lab values would be expected in an individual with SIADH:

a.Serum Sodium = 150mEq/l and urine hypoosmolality.
b. Serum potassium =5mEq/l and serum hypoosmolality
c. Serum Sodium =120mEq/L and serum hypoosmolality
d. Serum Potassium = 3mEq/l and hyerosmolality
Definition
c. Serum Sodium =120mEq/L and serum hypoosmolality
Term
Hypopituitarism in an adult male likely includes:

a. decreased libido
b. connective tissue increase
c. visual field impairments
d. altered neuromuscular functions
Definition
a. decreased libido
Term
excessive secretions of GH in an adult may cause:

a. DM type II
b. Diabetes insipidus
c. hypoglycemia
d. decreased metabolic rate
Definition
a. DM type II
Term
A characteristic shared by both diabetes mellitus and diabetes insipidus is:
Definition
Polyuria
Term
The manifestations of hyperthyroidism include all of the following EXCEPT:

a. Diarrhea
b. constipation
c. heat intolerance
d. weight loss
e. wakefulness
Definition
b. constipation
Term
Hypothyroidism in adults is:

a. myxedema
b. addisons disease
c. cushings disease
d. Graves disease
e. cretinism
Definition
a. myxedema
Term
Graves disease is:
Definition
hyperthyroidism, associated with autoimmuneity, manifested by ophthalmopathy
Term
Inadequate levels of thyroid hormones at birth may cause:
Definition
Mental retardation and dwarfism
Term
Hyperparathyroidism causes:
Definition
increased osteoclastic activity
Term
A manifestation of hypocalcemia is:

a. myopathy
b. lethargy
c. hypertension
d. tetany
e. bone cysts
Definition
d. tetany (muscle spasms: repeated prolonged contraction of muscles, especially of the face and limbs, caused by low blood calcium arising from, e.g. an underactive parathyroid gland or vitamin D deficiency)
Term
Most common cause of acromegaly:
Definition
anterior pituitary adenoma
Term
Manifestations of elevated thyroxine:
Definition
SOB, weight loss, excessive sweating, exophthalmos and irritabily
Term
Hypoglycemia/insulin shock manifestions
Definition
pale, cold, clammy skin, stuporous state
Term
What disorder would you find metabolic acidosis, hyperkalemia, elevated ketones, and blood glucose level of 800mg/dl in a 10 year old boy.
Definition
Type 1 diabetes mellitus
Term
manifestations of type 2 DM
Definition
Insulin resistance, treated with oral insulin, weight gain, adults
Term
Panhypopituitarism in children causes:
Definition
Dwarfism
Term
Chronic renal failure causes:
a. dehydration
b. hypercalcemia
c. secondary hyperparathyroidism
d. primary hyperparathyroidism
Definition
secondary hyperparathyroidism
Term
The end result of hypierthyroidism is:
Definition
Over stimulation of the basal metablic rate