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Ch 20. Skin Diseases & Disorders
Milady's Standard Cosmetology
95
Cosmetology
11/13/2010

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Term
Skin disorder characterized by chronic inflammation of the sebaceous glands from retained secretions and Propionbacterium acnes (P.acnes) bacteria
Definition
Acne
Term
Congenital leukoderma or absence of melanin pigment of the body, including the hair, skin, and eyes
Definition
Albinism
Term
Deficiency in perspiration, often a result of fever or certain skin diseases
Definition
Anhidrosis
Term
Condition of dry, scaly skin due to a deficiency or absence of sebum that is caused by old age and by exposure to cold
Definition
Asteatosis
Term
Most common and least severe type of skin cancer; often characterized by light or pearly nodules
Definition
Basal Cell Carcinoma
Term
Foul-smelling perspiration, usually noticeable in the armpits or on the feet
Definition
Bromhidrosis
Term
Large blister containing a watery fluid; similar to a vesicle but larger
Definition
Bulla (plural: bullae)
Term
Condition characterized by increased pigmentation on the skin in spots that are not elevated
Definition
Chloasma
Term
Hair follicle filled with keratin and sebum
Definition
Comedo (plural: comedones)
Term
Blackhead
Definition
Opened Comdeone
Term
Whitehead
Definition
Closed Comendone
Term
Dead cells that form over a wound or blemish while it is healing; an accumulation of sebum and pus, sometimes mixed with epidermal material
Definition
Crust
Term
Closed, abnormally developed sac containing fluid, semifluid, or morbid matter, above or below the skin
Definition
Cyst
Term
Inflammatory condition of the skin
Definition
Dermatitis
Term
Also known as contact dermatitis
Definition
Dermatitis Venenata
Term
Caused by touching certain substances such as chemicals or tints to the skin
Definition
Dermatitis Venenata
Term
Inflammatory, painful itching disease of the skin, acute or chronic in nature, presenting many forms of dry or moist lesions
Definition
Eczema
Term
Skin sore or abrasion produced by scratching or scraping
Definition
Excoriation
Term
Crack in the skin that penetrates the epidermis, such as chapped hands or lips
Definition
Fissure
Term
Fever blister or cold sore; recurring viral infection
Definition
Herpes Simplex
Term
Excessive sweating, caused by heat or general body weakness
Definition
Hyperhidrosis
Term
Abnormal growth of the skin
Definition
Hypertrophy
Term
Thick scar resulting from excessive growth of fibrous tissue
Definition
Keloid
Term
Acquired, superficial, thickened patch of epidermis caused by pressure or friction on the hands and feet
Definition
Keratoma
Term
Technical term for freckles
Definition
Lentigines (singular: lentigo)
Term
Characterized by small yellow to brown colored spots on the skin exposed to sunlight and air
Definition
Lentigines (singular: lentigo)
Term
Mark on the skin
Definition
Lesion
Term
Indication of an injury or damage that changes the structure of tissues or organs
Definition
Lesion
Term
Skin condition characterized by light abnormal patches; caused by a burn or congenital disease that destroys the pigment-producing cells
Definition
Leukoderma
Term
Spot or discoloration on the skin, such as a freckle
Definition
Macule (plural: maculae)
Term
Most serious form of skin cancer; often characterized by black or dark brown patches on the skin that may appear uneven in texture, jagged, or raised
Definition
Malignant Melanoma
Term
Benign, keratin-filled cysts that can appear just under the epidermis and have no visible opening
Definition
Milia
Term
Acute inflammatory disorder of the sweat glands, characterized by the eruption of small red vesicles and accompanied by burning, itching skin
Definition
Miliaria Rubra
Term
Small, brownish spot or blemish on the skin, ranging in color from pale tan to brown or bluish black
Definition
Mole
Term
Small or large malformation of the skin due to abnormal pigmentation or dilated capillaries
Definition
Nevus
Term
Pimple; small circumscribed elevation on the skin that contains no fluid but may develop pus
Definition
Papule
Term
Skin disease characterized by red patches, covered with silver-white scales usually found on the scalp, elbows, knees, chest, and lower back, but rarely on the face
Definition
Psoriasis
Term
Inflamed pimple containing pus
Definition
Pustule
Term
Chronic congestion appearing primarily on the cheeks and nose, characterized by redness, dilation of the blood vessels, and formation of papules and pustules
Definition
Rosacea
Term
Any thin plate of epidermal flakes, dry or oily, such as abnormal or excessive dandruff
Definition
Scale
Term
Light-colored, slightly raised mark on the skin formed after an injury or lesion of the skin has healed
Definition
Scar or Cicatrix
Term
Skin condition caused by an inflammation of the sebaceous glands
Definition
Seborrheic Dermatitis
Term
Characterized by inflammation, dry or oily scaling or crusting, and/or itchiness
Definition
Seborrheic Dermatitis
Term
A greatly increased or exaggerated sensitivity to products
Definition
Sensitization
Term
A small brown or flesh-colored outgrowth of the skin
Definition
Skin Tag
Term
Type of skin cancer more serious than basal cell carcinoma; often characterized by scaly red papules or nodules
Definition
Squamous Cell Carcinoma
Term
Abnormal brown or wine-colored skin discoloration with a circular and irregular shape
Definition
Stain
Term
Sebaceous cyst or fatty tumor
Definition
Steatoma
Term
Change in pigmenation of skin caused by exposure to the sun or ultraviolet rays
Definition
Tan
Term
Dilation of the surface blood vessels
Definition
Telangiectasias
Term
Abnormal rounded, solid lump above, within, or under the skin; larger than a papule
Definition
Tubercle
Term
A swelling; an abnormal cell mass resulting from excessive multiplication of cells, varying in size, shape, and color
Definition
Tumor
Term
Open lesion on the skin or mucous membrane of the body, accompanied by pus and loss of skin depth
Definition
Ulcer
Term
Hypertrophy of the papillae and epidermis
Definition
Verruca
Term
Small blister or sac containing clear fluid, lying within or just beneath the epidermis
Definition
Vesicle
Term
Milky-white spots (leukoderma) of the skin
Definition
Vitiligo
Term
_______ is hereditary and may be related to thyroid conditions
Definition
Vitiligo
Term
Itchy, swollen lesion that lasts only a few hours; caused by a blow, the bite of an insect, urticaria, or the sting of a nettle
Definition
Wheal
Term
The greatest impact of skin aging
Definition
The sun & its UV rays
Term
Peak (highest) UV hours
Definition
10 am ~ 3 pm
Term
Aging Ray
Definition
UVA
Term
Burning Ray
Definition
UVB
Term
Sun ray that weaken the collagen & elastin fibers
Definition
UVA
Term
Sun rays that can damage not only skin, but also eyes
Definition
Both UVA & UVB
Term
UVB rays affect _________ that causes sunburns & tanning of the skin
Definition
melanocytes
Term
UVB contribute to the body's synthesis of _________ & other important minerals.
Definition
Vitamin D
Term
Daily wear sunscreen at least SPF ___?
Definition
15
Term
Apply sunscreen at least ____ min before the exposure for absorption
Definition
30
Term
Who is prone to burning frequently and easily?
Definition
Redhead, Blue-eyed Blond
Term
_______ use weakening of the blood vessels so the tissues are deprived of essential oxygen.
Definition
Smoking & Tobacco
Term
________ use interfere with the body's intake of oxygen and affecting healthy cell growth
Definition
Illegal Drugs
Term
_______ overdilates the blood vessels and capillaries cause telangiectasias and dehydrate the skin.
Definition
Alcohol Overuse
Term
3 Types of Lesion
Definition
Primary, Secondary, Tertiary
Term
The red, flaky skin often appears in the eyebrows, in the scalp and hairline, the middle of the forehead, along the sides of the nose
Definition
Seborrheic Dermatitis
Term
Sometime treated with cortisone creams, but severe case should be referred to doctor
Definition
Seborrheic Dermatitis
Term
Comedone should be removed under ________ codition using proper _________ procedure
Definition
asptic, extraction
Term
Small, whitish masses look alike small sesame seeds, almost always perfectly round
Definition
Milia
Term
The bacteria that causes acne
Definition
Propionibaterium Acne Bacteria
Term
Formerly called acne rosacea
Definition
Rosacea
Term
다음중 의사치료가 필요한 질환은?

a) Bromdihrosis b) Eczema
c) Chloasma d) Asteatosis
Definition
b) Eczema
Term
wen
Definition
Steatoma
Term
Prickly Heat
Definition
Miliaria Rubra
Term
Characterized by the eruption of a single or group of vesicles on a red swollen base, usually on the lips nostrils, or other part of the face
Definition
Herpes Simplex
Term
Caused by the skin cells turning over faster than normal.
Definition
Psoriasis
Term
다음중 피부색소관련 질환의 원인이 아닌것은?

a) Heredity b) Hormonal Change
c) Food d) Medication
Definition
c)Food
Term
다음중 albino people의 신체부위별 색깔 match가 틀린 것은? a) Skin - Pinkish white b) Hair - Silky white c) Eye - Pink d) Eye - Red
Definition
d) Eye - Red
Term
birthmark
Definition
Nevus
Term
callus
Definition
Keratoma
Term
Can we treat or remove the hair from moles?
Definition
No
Term
Wart
Definition
Verruca
Term
A keratoma that grows inward
Definition
Corn
Term
City Person's Cancer
Definition
Malignant Melanoma
Term
A greatly increased or exaggerated sensitivity to produucts
Definition
Sensitization
Term
The chemical that the immune system released to enlarge the vessels around the injury so blood can rush to the scene more quickly
Definition
Histamines
Term
Very common salon irritant
Definition
Tab Water