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CELL QUIZ!!!!!!!
study for cell quiz
48
Science
10/06/2009

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Term
Cells make their own protein on round structures called ___________.
Definition
ribosomes
Term
Mitochondria supply the cell with ___________.
Definition
energy
Term
Plants can trap light energy in organelles called ___________.
Definition
chloroplasts
Term
Golgi bodies can be compared to________ in a bakery.
Definition
warehouses
Term
Plant cells differ from animal cells because plant cells have???????
Definition
chloroplast or cell wall
Term
Prokarytoic cells do not have any ___________.
Definition
membrane covered organelles
Term
Muscle cells have large numbers of __________.
Definition
mitochondria
Term
Vacuoles my store __________.
Definition
food, water (h2o) or waste products
Term
Plants can change light energy into chemical energy in the form of ___________.
Definition
sugar (glucose)
Term
Chromatin is made up of ________.
Definition
DNA
Term
cytoplasm
Definition
gel-like material inside cells
Term
ER
Definition
folded membranes that move materials in cells
Term
Golgi Bodies
Definition
package and move proteins
Term
Cell membrane
Definition
made of double layer of fats
Term
Lysosome
Definition
digests wastes
Term
Nucleus
Definition
directs the cell's activities
Term
Vacuoles
Definition
storage areas
Term
Cell Theory
Definition
1. all organisms are made up of cells
2. a cell is the basic unit of structure
3. every cell comes from another cell
Term
who was the first person to see cells?
Definition
robert hooke
Term
In what material were cells first seen?
Definition
in a cork
Term
Were the cells that were first seen living or nonliving?
Definition
nonliving
Term
What instrument that uses light and lenses is used to view cells?
Definition
microscope
Term
the membrane enclosed command center of the plant cell
Definition
nucleus
Term
the rigid layer that supports and protects the cell
Definition
cell wall
Term
the gel like substance in which most of the cell's life processes take place
Definition
cytoplasm
Term
places where cells store water, food, and other materials
Definition
vacuoles
Term
places where cells convert light energy into food
Definition
chloroplast
Term
the outer covering of a cell
Definition
cell membrane
Term
these supply energy needed by the cell to do work
Definition
mitochondria
Term
these contain complex chemical information that directs the cell's hereditary related activities
Definition
chromosomes
Term
a region in the nucleus that produces tiny cell particles needed in protein synthesis
Definition
nucleolus
Term
i'm a real powerhouse
that's plain to see
i break down food
to release energy
Definition
mitochondria
Term
i'm a series of tubes
found throughout the cell
i transport proteins
and other things as well
Definition
ER
Term
I'm strong and stiff
getting through me is tough
i'm found only in plants
but i guess that's enough
Definition
cell wall
Term
i'm full of holes
flexible, and thin
i control what gets out
as well as what gets in
Definition
cell membrane
Term
my name means colored bodies
and i contain dna
i pass on traits to new cells
in a systematic way
Definition
chromosomes
Term
proteins are made here
even though i'm quite small
you can find me in the cytoplasm
or attached to ER's wall
Definition
ribosomes
Term
i'm the brain of the cell
or so they say
i regulate activities
from day to day
Definition
nucleus
Term
i've been called a storage tank
by those with little taste
i'm a sac filled with water
food, enzymes, or waste
Definition
vacuoles
Term
found only in plant cells
i'm green as can be
i make food for the plant
using the sun's energy
Definition
chloroplasts
Term
since i contain many enzymes
i can digest an injured cell
and can break down a large molecule
into a smaller one as well
Definition
lyrosomes
Term
tissue
Definition
groups of similar cells that do the same work
Term
prokaryotic cells do not have any _____
Definition
membrane covered organelles
Term
chromatin is made up of ______
Definition
protein and DNA
Term
the structures within the cytoplasm of eukaryotic cells are _________
Definition
organelles
Term
A leaf functions as a _______to make food for a plant
Definition
tissue
Term
prokaryotic
Definition
no nucleus or organelles
Term
Eukaryotic
Definition
contain a nucleus and organelles