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Bones study guide based off of test
woohoo
53
Anatomy
10/24/2010

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Term
Hematopiesis
Definition
blood cell formation
Term
Short bone
Definition
cube-shaped bones that contain mostly spony bone
Term
rickets
Definition
The disease in children whose diets lack calcium or vitamin D, where the bones fail to calcify
Term
foramen
Definition
A round or oval hole through a bone, which contains blood vessels and/or nerves
Term
tuberosity
Definition
A large rounded projection on a bone
Term
simple/closed fracture
Definition
A fracture where the bone breaks cleanly but does not penetrate the skin is termed
Term
appositional growth
Definition
An increase in bone diameter
Term
cribirform plate
Definition
The part of the ethmoid bone that contains holey areas with fibers that carry impulses from the olfactory receptors of the nose to the brain
Term
temporal
Definition
The external acoustic (auditory) meatus is found
Term
calcaneus
Definition
heel bone
Term
glenoid cavity
Definition
The head of the humerus fits into the
Term
gout
Definition
The disease in which uric acid accumulates in the blood and may be deposited as needle-shaped crystals in the soft tissues of joints
Term
elbow joint
Definition
hinge
Term
coxal bone
Definition
irregular
Term
composition of flat bone
Definition
spongy bone
Term
Sharpey's fiber
Definition
The periosteum is secured to the underlying bone by dense connective tissue fibers called
Term
Ephiphyseal plate
Definition
indicates bone length is increasing
Term
Osteons
Definition
characteristic of compact bone
Term
canaliculi
Definition
The bone cells within lacunae receive nourishment from blood vessels through passageways
Term
fossa
Definition
shallow, serving as an articular surface
Term
blood vessels and nerve fibers
Definition
The canal that runs through the core of each osteon contains
Term
parietal bone
Definition
bone that forms from fibrous membranes
Term
parathyroid hormone (PTH) activate
Definition
osteoclast
Term
Ethmoid
Definition
middle nasal conchae
Term
Sella tarcia
Definition
part of the phenoid bone
Term
Atlas
Definition
first cervical vertebra
Term
ribs from superior to inferiour
Definition
.true ribs
.false ribs
.floating ribs
Term
sternum
Definition
fusion of:
.manbrium
.body
.xiphoid process
Term
greater tochanter
Definition
located on femur
Term
intercondyiar fossa
Definition
structure on the femur
Term
amphiarthroses
Definition
articulates permitting only slight decrease movement
Term
synarthrose
Definition
articulates permitting no movement
Term
ossification
Definition
bone formation
Term
do not respond to PTH
Definition
osteoblast
Term
Spinal cord does not
Definition
pass through all vertebra
Term
fibula def.
Definition
lateral lower leg bone
Term
fontanel
Definition
allow growth of the brain
Term
osteoclasts
Definition
dissolve bone matrix
Term
lamellae
Definition
layers of calcification that are found in bone
Term
epiphyseal plate
Definition
area where bone growth takes place
Term
wrist joint
Definition
plane joint
Term
shoulder joint
Definition
ball and socket joint
Term
elbow joint
Definition
hinge joint
Term
knucle joint
Definition
candyloid joint
Term
between atlas and axis
Definition
pivot joint
Term
patella
Definition
short and sesamoid
Term
Ulna
Definition
long bone
Term
Atlas
Definition
irregular bone
Term
sternum
Definition
flat
Term
fibula
Definition
long bone
Term
coxal bone
Definition
irregular
Term
true ribs
Definition
flat
Term
parietal
Definition
flat