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Body Systems, Structure, & Organization
CCBC-Body Systems, Structures & Organization
54
Medical
02/04/2013

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Term
AP
Definition
anteroposterior-from front to back
Term
CV
Definition
cardiovascular Sx(system)
heart, arteries, veins
Term
ENT
Definition
ear, nose and throat
otorhinolaryngolog
Term
GI
Definition
gastrointestinal Sx, digestive Sx
-oral cavity, salivary glands, pharynx, esophagus, stomach, small intestine, colon, liver, gallbladder, pancreas
-Ingests, digests and absorbs nutrients for the body
Term
GYN
Definition
gynecology
Term
lat
Definition
lateral
Term
LE
Definition
Lower Extremity
Term
LLQ
Definition
left lower quadrant
small intestine, appendix, colon, left ureter, female left ovary, left fallopian tube (female)
Term
LUQ
Definition
left upper quadrant
small intestine, colon, left kidney, liver (small portion), pancreas (majority), spleen, stomach
Term
MS
Definition
MusculoSkeletal
bones, muscles, joints
Term
OB
Definition
obstetrics
Term
PA
Definition
posterioranterior-from back to front
Term
RUQ
Definition
Right Upper Quadrant
small intestine, colon, right kidney, liver (most), pancreas (minority), gallbladder
Term
RLQ
Definition
Right Lower Quadrant
small intestine, colon, right fallopian tube, right ovary (female), right ureter
Term
UE
Definition
upper extremity
Term
Bx
Definition
biopsy
Term
Cx
Definition
cervix
Term
Dx
Definition
diagnosis
Term
Fx
Definition
fracture or fix
Term
Hx
Definition
history of
Term
Rx
Definition
"take thou", prescription
Term
Sx
Definition
system, symptom
Term
Tx
Definition
treatment
Term
IG
Definition
InteGumentary
-hair, skin, nails, sweat glands, sebaceous glands
-forms protective two way barrier & aids in temperature regulation
Term
Hematic Sx
Definition
blood
-platelets, plasma, leukocytes, erythrocytes

-Transports oxygen, protects against pathogens and controls bleeding
-plasma, leukocytes, erythrocytes
Term
Lymphatic Sx
Definition
Immunology
-lymph nodes, lymphatic vessels, tonsils, spleen, thymus gland
Term
Respiratory Sx
Definition
nasal cavity,
phar-ynx (pharyng/o) - throat
lar-ynx, (laryng/o) - voice box
trachea
bronchial tubes
lungs
Term
Urinary/Genitourinary (GU)
Definition
GU Sx, nephrology, urology
kidneys, ureters, urinary bladder, urethra

Filters waste products out of the blood and removes them from the body.
Term
Endocrine
endo-within
crine-secret
Definition
8 glands - Regulates metabolic activities of the body.

pituitary, pineal, thyroid, parathyroid, thymus(also part of Lymphatic Sx), adrenal pancreas, ovaries, testes
Term
Nervous Sx
Definition
-brain, spinal cord, nerves
Receives sensory information and coordinates the body's responses.
Term
Reproductive Sx
Definition
testes, ovaries
Term
opthalmology
Definition
special sense
study of the eyes
Term
otology
Definition
special sense
study of the ears
Term
audiology
Definition
study of sound
Term
fxn
Definition
function
Term
rxn
Definition
reaction
Term
Anatomical Position
Definition
standing erect, arms down, eyes and palms forward, fingers extended, legs parallel with feet
Term
Sagittal Plane
Definition
Vertical plane, median plane
-runs lengthwise down the middle of the body, dividing the body into left and right parts that don't have to be equal

median plane, vertical plane
Term
Transverse Plane
Definition
Horizontal plane
-runs parallel to the ground, divides the body into upper (Superior or cephalic) and lower (Inferior, caudal) parts
Term
Frontal or Coronal plane
Definition
vertical lengthwise plane dividing the body into front and back portions (anterior and posterior, or ventral and dorsal)
Term
Lithotomy
Definition
surgical exam position where the patient is on his back with knees and hips flexed and thighs apart
Term
Knee-Chest
Definition
surgical exam position in which the patient is kneeling with his chest pressed to the table
Term
fowler's Position
Definition
head of bed raised, knees elevated
Term
decubitus
Definition
-directional, positional term
-prolonged lying down
Term
recumbent
Definition
-directional, positional term
-lying down, face up, turned to one side
Term
sinistro
Definition
-directional, positional term meaning "to the left"

-oculus sinister (OS)=left eye
-
Term
OS
Definition
oculus sinister (left eye)
Term
dextro
Definition
-direction term meaning "to the right"
-OD (oculus dextrer)=the right eye
Term
abduction
Definition
movement away from the midline
Term
OD
Definition
oculus dexter
the right eye
Term
adduction
Definition
movement towards the midline
Term
flexion
Definition
bending
Term
supine
Definition
lying flat, face up
Term
prone
Definition
lying flat, face down