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Blood and Immune
Various questions about blood and immune system
45
Anatomy
02/16/2011

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Term
After a naive cell encounters a foreign epitope, we say the cell becomes_____.
Definition
Activated
Term
Blood protein produced by the liver that is converted into blood clot fibers.
Definition
Fibrinogen
Term
Red pigment that transports oxygen and carbon dioxide within red blood cells.
Definition
Hemoglobin
Term
When cells of the immune system don't attack cells with self MHC 1 receptors, the immune cells are said to have immunological (self) ___________.
Definition
Tolerance
Term
Non-specific, non-granulocyte that "presents" antigenic determinants in an MHC 2 receptor.
Definition
Macrophage
Term
Chemical produced by platelets that cause vasoconstriction and makes platelets stick together.
Definition
Thromboxane
Term
Anemia that results in too little vitamin B12.
Definition
Pernicious
Term
Individual that gives blood to another individual.
Definition
Donor
Term
Blood clot that is formed in one vessel and moves to another vessel.
Definition
Embolus
Term
Long lived T or B cell that persists after an immune reaction and will generate the secondary immune response if the same microbe appears again.
Definition
Memory
Term
Anemia that results from damaged bone marrow.
Definition
Hypoplastic/ aplastic
Term
Common granulocyte that secretes defensins and is usually the first to attack bacteria.
Definition
Neutrophil
Term
Genetic disease that does not allow victims blood to clot.
Definition
Hemophilia
Term
Type of T cell that attacks cells infected by a microbe and secretes perforins.
Definition
Cytotoxic
Term
Chemical produced by basophils that prevent the conversion of prothrombin to thrombin.
Definition
Heparin
Term
This blood type is the universal recipient.
Definition
AB
Term
This blood type is the universal donor.
Definition
O-
Term
Immunocompetent B and T cells that have not yet been exposed to an antigen are called this ________.
Definition
Naive
Term
Once T cells have been activated, the clones are now known as __________ Helper and Cytotoxic T cells.
Definition
Effector
Term
Anemia caused by red blood cells dying prematurely.
Definition
Hemolytic
Term
Enzyme that breaks down clots.
Definition
Plasmin
Term
Type of T cell that produces chemicals which inhibit your immune response. "Calls off the attack"
Definition
Suppressor
Term
Granulocyte that protects the body against parasitic worms.
Definition
Eosinophils
Term
The antibody component of plasma is called ______ globulins.
Definition
Gamma
Term
Any foreign molecule that elicits an immune response.
Definition
Antigen
Term
Hormone that stimulates myloid stem cells to differentiate into red blood cells.
Definition
Erythropoietin
Term
Fibers out of which a blood clot is made.
Definition
Fibrin
Term
Granulocyte that participates in allergic reactions by releasing histamine.
Definition
Basophil
Term
T cell that produces a number of chemical responses that control your immune response.
Definition
Helper
Term
Non-granular white blood cell that becomes a macrophage or dendritic cell.
Definition
Monocyte
Term
Group of 20 blood proteins that interact with an antigen-antibody complex and cause a chain reaction that results in lysis of a cell.
Definition
Complement
Term
Response your immune system generates when body encounters same organism for second or third time.
Definition
Anamnestic
Term
Organ where T cells become naive.
Definition
Thymus
Term
Chemical produced by intact endothelial cells which inhibits thromboxane and continued platelet plug formation.
Definition
Prostacyclin
Term
A condition of too many red blood cells.
Definition
Polycythemia
Term
This blood factor may cause a problem if a mother's blood is A- and the fetus has A+.
Definition
RH
Term
Enzyme produced by bacteria that converts plasminogen into plasmin.
Definition
Streptokinase
Term
Acronym for the two types of antigen holding receptors.
Definition
MHC
Term
Patient with too few white blood cells.
Definition
Leukopenia
Term
Blood protein responsible for maintaining blood osmotic pressure.
Definition
Albumin
Term
Protein secreted by plasma cells that immobilizes antigens and prepares them for phagocytosis.
Definition
Antibody
Term
Blood clot that stays at the site it was formed.
Definition
Thrombin
Term
Chemical produced by the platelets that causes vascular spasm.
Definition
Serotonin
Term
Cancer of the bone marrow that generates too many white blood cells.
Definition
Leukemia
Term
Acronym for chemical produced by the walls of damaged blood vessels that converts plasminogen into plasmin.
Definition
t-PA