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BJOC 2.4 - Supervision of Inmates
Supervision of Inmates Study Set for BJOC - Georgia - Georgia Peace Officer Standards and Training Council - POST
19
Criminal Justice
05/14/2011

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Term

BJOC 2.4 - Supervision of Inmates

Terminal Performance Objective (TPO):

 

Definition
Given the need for student comprehension, the student will explain the basic principles of supervision and its application to the jail officer as well as supervisory methods for dealing with inmates under special circumstances and recognizing other factors that contribute to jail climate in accordance with the Basic Jail Officer Reference Textbook.
Term

BJOC 2.4 - Supervision of Inmates

Enabling Objectives (EO’s):

 

Definition

As a result of this instruction, the student will be able to:

 

2.4.1        Identify the relationship of good supervision practices to an orderly, safe and controlled environment and distinguish between supervision and control.

2.4.2        Identify procedures and techniques of inmate supervision in various situations.

2.4.3        Identify inmate behavior patterns and the appropriate officer response to:

a.       inmate with personal problems

b.      inmate who is violent and may hurt self or others.

2.4.4        Identify supervisor requirements for inmates using dangerous or hazardous items.

2.4.5        Identify effective techniques to settle disputes, perceive stress and assist in reduction of tension and unrest among inmates.

2.4.6        Identify methods used by inmates to divert an officer’s attention

2.4.7        Identify supervisory techniques used to deal with inmate cultural and ethnic behavioral patterns.

2.4.8        Identify two methods for evaluating an inmate’s working capabilities based on the inmate’s physical and mental ability.

2.4.9        Identify the purpose and importance of good officer/inmate communications.

2.4.10    Identify areas of sanitation that require a jail officer’s supervision to include:

a.       hygienic items

b.      laundry

c.       food service

d.      housekeeping supplies.

2.4.11    Identify critical points in the transition to jail life which may contribute to an emotional or violent reaction by the inmate.

2.4.12    Identify the factors that contribute to the climate of the jail.

2.4.13    Identify interpersonal skills that a jail officer can utilize to effectively supervise inmates.

2.4.14    Identify the benefits of ethical, and the consequences of unethical, decision making and behavior as related to supervision of inmates.

Term
Who has the primary responsibility of supervision and control of inmates?
Definition
The job of supervising inmates is the backbone of jail operation; supervision and control is the primary responsibility of the jail officer.          
Term
What are the two major tasks of supervision and control?
Definition

  Observing and reporting inmate behavior, and the procedures that are involved.

Term
What is supervision? 
Definition

Supervision is the continuous observation of inmate behavior. 

Term
What is control? 
Definition

Control is the enforcement of established rules, procedures, and acceptable way of behaving; intervention in situations where behavior is disruptive or otherwise unwanted.

Term

If a jail is safe for staff, inmates and visitors, what does that tell you about the jail? 

Definition
There is a well-supervised inmate population.
Term
What is the best way to maintain control of inmates? 
Definition

Develop and enforce policies, procedures, and rules.

Term
What are five basic principles for avoiding and resolving conflict? 
Definition

1) Communication; 2) Understanding,  Honesty, and Fairness;  3) Consistency;   4) Knowledge; and 5) Organization.

Term
Communication of directives is essential for a number of reasons.  What are they? 
Definition

Communication accomplishes the following: ensures that everyone knows what is expected or required for maintaining an orderly, safe environment; prevents confusion in case of emergency; avoids misunderstanding between jail officers and managers; helps officers feel comfortable and confident in carrying out their assigned tasks.

Term
What is an effective strategy for dealing with inmates from different cultural backgrounds? 
Definition

Develop an ability to be free from prejudices and officers must develop their own effective style for relating and communicating with inmates from a wide array of cultural backgrounds. 

Term
Jail climate directly effects inmate behavior.  There are several areas that affect jail climate.  What are four areas and explain how they affect the jail climate? 
Definition

 1) Sanitation – Contributes to poor morale among inmates and unhealthy conditions;

2) Daily schedules – A daily schedule helps inmates cope with incarceration;

3) Laundry - Clothing and linen exchange improves personal hygiene and inmate morale; and

4) Cleanliness - Cleanliness has a direct impact on jail climate.  Poor inmate personal hygiene can cause conflict among inmates.

Term
Does the individual jail officer affect jail climate?  If so, how?
Definition

 Yes, of course.  In order to motivate inmates to help sustain a positive jail climate, staff must communicate jail standards to inmates and be consistent – give praise when it is appropriate.  In order to motivate inmates to help sustain a positive jail climate, staff must communicate jail standards to inmates and be consistent – give praise when it is appropriate.

Term
Who is allowed to supervise inmate activities?  When is an inmate allowed to supervise other inmates? 
Definition

Only jail members are qualified to supervise inmate activities.  Inmates should NOT be allowed to exercise control or authority over other inmates.  Allowing inmates to supervise other inmates is both dangerous and illegal.

Term
What is aggressive behavior? Name 4 examples.
Definition

Aggressive behavior is an effort to establish or re-establish control over a situation perceived as a threat to some important aspect of life.

1) Verbal abuse;

2) Threats;

3) Harassment;  and

4) Physical contact.

Term
Is it important to communicate rules of the jail to every inmate upon entering the jail.  Why? 
Definition

 Inmate rules help inmates understand what is expected of them, ease the tension of adjusting to the jail environment by reducing uncertainty, and help promote the supervision and control of inmates by the jail staff. In particular, rules are relevant to discipline because the rules provide advance notice of what behavior is acceptable.

Term
What happens if inmate rules are not clear? 
Definition

1) Unexpected consequences for the inmates, such as solitary confinement or other punishment; 

2)  Creating misunderstandings and tension between officers and inmates;

3)  Disruptions, grievances, and law suits based on violation of prisoners’ rights.

Term
What is the one major indicator that jail staff is concerned with the welfare of inmates?
Definition

  Meals are a visible indicator of whether or not jail personnel are concerned with the welfare of inmates.

Term
Why is it important for the jail officer to exhibit strong ethical behavior?
Definition

Strong ethical behavior will ensure your success and keep you from becoming an inmate yourself.