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Basic Medical Terminology
muscular, integumentary and digestive system
57
Veterinary Medicine
02/20/2009

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Term
skeletal muscles
Definition
striated and voluntary
pigment released by the liver in bile
Term
vicseral musclescecum
Definition
smooth and involuntaryfirst part of e large intestive
Term
cardiac muscle
Definition
striated, involuntary
Term
origin
Definition
point of attachment of the muscle to the stationary bone
Term
insertion
Definition
point of junction of the muscle to the bone that moves
Term
flextion
Definition
bending the limb
Term
extention
Definition
straightning out the limb
Term
abduction
Definition
away from midline
Term
adduction
Definition
towards midline
Term
rotation
Definition
circular movement around the axis
Term
dorsiflexion
Definition
bending the foot upward
Term
plantar flextion
Definition
bending the foot downward toward the ground
Term
supination
Definition
the act of turning the palm forward or up
Term
pronation
Definition
turning the palm down
Term
integumentary system
Definition
the skin and its accessory organs (hair, nails and glands)
Term
sebaceous glands
Definition
glands under the skin that produce an oily secretion
Term
epidermis
Definition
a thin, cellular membrane layer; containing keratin
Term
dermis
Definition
dense, fibrous, connective tissue layer; containing collagen
Term
subcutaneous layer
Definition
thick, fat-containing tissue
Term
squamous epithelium
Definition
flat, scale-like found in epidermis
Term
stratified squamous epithelium
Definition
several layers of squamous epithelium
Term
steatorrhea
Definition
fat in feces
Term
melana
Definition
black tarry stools
Term
hematochezia
Definition
passage of fresh, bright red blood from ctum
Term
eructation
Definition
gas expelled from the stomach through the mouth
Term
dysphagia
Definition
difficulty swallowing
Term
borborygmus
Definition
rumbling or gurgling noise in gastrointestinal tract
Term
ascites
Definition
abnormal accumulation of fluid in the abdomen
Term
amino acids
Definition
building blocks of proteins, produced when proteins are digested
Term
amylase
Definition
enzyme secreted by the pancreas to digest starch
Term
bilirubin
Definition
pigment released by the liver in bile
Term
deglutation
Definition
swallowing
Term
dentin
Definition
major tissue composing teeth, covered by the enamal on the crown and cementum in the root
Term
duodenum
Definition
first part of the small intestine.
Term
fatty acids
Definition
substances produced when fats are digested
Term
hydrochloric acid
Definition
substance produced by the stomach; necessary for digestion of food.
Term
illium
Definition
third part of small intestine
Term
jejunum
Definition
second part of small intestine
Term
lipase
Definition
pancreatic enzyme necessary to digest fats
Term
mastication
Definition
chewing
Term
parotid gland
Definition
salivary gland within the cheek
Term
peristalsis
Definition
rhythmic contraction of the tubes of the gastrointestinal tract
Term
protease
Definition
enzyme that digests protein
Term
pylorus
Definition
distal region of the stomach, opening to the duodenum
Term
rugae
Definition
ridges on the hard palate and the wall of the stomach
Term
sigmoid colon
Definition
fourth and lasts-shaped segment of the colon
Term
sementum
Definition
surrounds root
Term
enamal
Definition
surrounds crown
Term
denton
Definition
main structure of tooth
Term
pulp cavity
Definition
center of tooth with nerves
Term
peridontal membrane
Definition
around root and sementum
Term
ruminance
Definition
four chamber stomach
Term
reticulum
Definition
first chamber of stomach where hardware disease occures
Term
rumen
Definition
second chamber "gurmentation chamber"
Term
omasum
Definition
third chamber
Term
abomasum
Definition
last chamber "true stomach"
Term
antagonist
Definition
a muscle that acts in opposition to another