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Bacteria, Protists, and Fungi
Lab 2
54
Biology
08/24/2012

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Term
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Definition
Euglena


Term
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Definition
Dinoflagellates


Term
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Definition
Amoeba Proteus


Term
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Definition
Porphyra

Term
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Definition
Chlamydomonas


Term
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Definition
Volvox


Term
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Definition
Ulva

Term
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Definition
Anabaena


Term
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Definition
Paramecium


Term
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Definition
Diatoms


Term
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Definition
Laminaria


Term
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Definition
Agaricus bisporus


Term
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Definition
Bracket Fungi


Term
Characteristics of Paramecium:
Definition
Domain: Protist
Supergroup: Chromoalveolata

Originated via secondary endosymbiosis. covered with thousands of hairlike cilla that function in locomotion. Heterotrophic and lacks plastids. Has a oral groove for food. It gets rid of waste and holds excess water in the contractile vacuole.
Term
Characteristics of Diatoms:
Definition
Kingdom: Protist
Subergroup: Chromoalveolata

Originated via secondary endosymbiosis. major component of the photosynthetic plankton in oceans and lakes. Glass-like cell walls composed of silica. Can be radially symmetrical or bilaterally symmetrical.
Term
Characteristics of Euglena:
Definition
Domain:Protist
Supergroup: Excavata

Most species are mixotrophs. They evolved from secondary endosymbiosis of green alga, which is now the chloroplast contained within the cytoplasm. When sufficient light is available, they can be photosynthetic but if not they engulf prey. Moves via flagellum. Has a plasma membrane. The eyespot functions as a light shield and pellicle provides strength and flexibility.
Term
Characteristics of Dinoflagellates:
Definition
Domain: Protist
Supergroup: Chromoalveolata

Originated via secondary endosymbiosis. Are components of plankton that are in freshwater habitats. photosynthetic, mixotrophic and heterotrophic. have two flagella located in perpendicular grooves. Cells are covered in "armor" of cellulose plates.
Term
Characteristics of Amoeba Proteus:
Definition
Domain: Protist
Supergroup: Unikonta

Found in soil, freshwater and marine environments. Have tube-shaped or lobe-shaped pseudopia by which they move and engulf prey via phagocytosis.
Term
Characteristics of Porphyra:
Definition
Domain: Protist
Supergroup: Archaeplastida

Is a sheetlike multicellular red alga. It is photosynthetic. Harvest nori, "seaweed" which is used to make sushi.
Term
Characteristics of Chlamydomonas:
Definition
Domain: Protist
Supergroups: Archaeplastida

a unicellular green alga. Has two flagella. Also has a cell wall and single cup-shaped chloroplast.
Term
Characteristics of Volvox:
Definition
Domain: Protist
Supergroup: Archaeplastida

photosynthetic, colonial green algae found in freshwater, ponds, etc. It's colonial "wall" consists of hundreds of same type cells, connected in cytoplasmic strands, embedded in gelatinous matrix. Has 2 flagella which may not easily be seen. Daughter colonies reproduce asexually and then released.
Term
Characteristics of Ulva:
Definition
Kingdom: Eukarya
Domain: Protist
Supergroup: Archaeplastida


photosynthetic, multicellular green alga found along seacoasts. Has blades and holdfast that superficially resembles roots and leaves of terrestrial plants. But they are not actual because they lack vascular tissue.
Term
Characteristics of Anabaena:
Definition
Kingdom: Prokarya
Domain: Bacteria

Is a cyanobacterial species. It uses metabolic cooperation because it is photosynthetic and fixes nitrogen. It contains thick walled cells called heterocytes used for fixation of nitrogen. Chloroplast of green and red algae developed from cyanobacteria via primary endosymbiosis.
Term
Characteristics of Lamanaria:
Definition
Domain: Protist
Supergroup: Chromalveolata

Developed via secondary endosymbiosis. multicellular member of brown algae clade. Photosynthetic. Have blades, stipes, and holdfasts that superficially resemble leaves, stem, and roots of terrestrial plants and but lack vascular tissue so they are not actual.
Term
Characteristics of Agaricus bisporus:
Definition
Domain: Fungi
Supergroup: Basidiomycete

Characteristics: a basdiocarp. Has a cap with gills, and stalk. Common grocery store- mushroom
Term
Characteristics of Bracket Fungi:
Definition
Domain: Fungi
Supergroup: Basidomycete

Characteristics: The "bracket" is the basidiocarp, and the rest of the fungus penetrates wood. Has pores rather than gills.
Term
Chromalveolata include what clades?
Definition
Dinoflagellate
Diatoms
Paramecium
Laminaria
Term
Archaeplastida include what clade(s)?
Definition
Porphyra
Ulva
Volvox
Chlamydomonas
Term
Excavata consist of what clade(s)?
Definition
Euglena
Term
Unikonta consist of what clade(s)?
Definition
Amoeba Proteus
Term
This supergroup include key photosynthetic species that form the base of the food web in some acquatic communities.
Definition
Archaeplastida
Term
includes amoebas that have lobe- or tube-shaped pseudopodia, as well as animals, fungi, and protist that are closely related to animals or fungi.
Definition
Unikonta
Term
consists of species of ameobas, most of which have a pseudopodia that are threadlike in shape.
Definition
Rhizaria
Term
Some members of this supergroup have modified mitochondria and some members have unique flagella
Definition
Excavata
Term
This group originated by an acient secondary endosymbiosis event.
Definition
Chromalveolata
Term
The group that includes Land Plants
Definition
Archaeplastida
Term
The group that includes protist that are closely related to fungi and animals
Definition
Unikonta
Term
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Definition
Coprinus
Term
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Definition
Fruticose Lichens:

Looks like shrubs, and grow on living or dead trees.
Term
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Definition
basidiospores of Basidiomycetes
Term
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Definition
Chara

Left arrow: oogonia
Right arrow: antheridia
Term
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Definition
Crutose:

Lichens that are thin and crusty and grow tightly to hard surfaces, such as rocks.
Term
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Definition
Foliose Lichens:

Leaflike and are found on fallen logs or tree trunks
Term
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Definition
True Mosses: (Bryophyte clade)

Term
List the process of the True Moss Life Cycle
Definition
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Term
Details of the capsule of a true moss
Definition
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Term
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Definition
Liverworth (ribbon-shaped thallus)
Term
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Definition
Archaegoniophore of Liverworth

Female gametophore
Term
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Definition
Antheridiophore of Liverworts

Male gametophore
Term
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Definition
Liverwort Gemmae w Gemmae cups
Term
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Definition
Lycopodium (Lycophyte)
Term
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Definition
Selaginella strobilus

spike looking, vertical
Term
Steps of the Fern Life Cycle
Definition
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Term
Definition