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Avid Certification Exam Flashcards
Flashcards mostly pulled from the Media Composer 7 Books
469
Film, Theatre & Television
01/20/2014

Additional Film, Theatre & Television Flashcards

 


 

Cards

Term
What button do you click to jump to the 1st frame in a sequence?
Definition
Home
Term
What button do you click to jump to the last frame in a sequence?
Definition
End
Term
How do you import?
Definition
Drag to bin
Term
How do you AMA Link?
Definition
Alt-drag to bin
Term
What is the shortcut for Save?
Definition
Ctrl+S
Term
What is the shortcut for activating the project window?
Definition
Ctrl+9
Term
What is the shortcut for creating a new bin?
Definition
Ctrl+N
Term
What is the shortcut for play forward?
Definition
5, space bar
Term
What are the keys for shuttle?
Definition
J-K-L
Term
How do you change the representative frame in Frame View?
Definition
Select the clip. Use the step forward/step backward shortcuts, space bar, home/end arrow keys to choose frame
Term
How does J-K-L work?
Definition
Backward, stop, forward (x1, x2, x3, x5, x8)
Term
How do you change the frame size in Frame View?
Definition
Bigger: Edit>Enlarge Frame (Ctrl+L), Smaller: Edit>Reduce Frame (Ctrl+K)
Term
Where can you see the marked duration of a clip?
Definition
Center Duration display
Term
How can you save a bin? An entire project?
Definition
1. Click bin, File>Save Bin
2. Click project window, File>Save All
Term
Which button in the Select Project dialog box is used to navigate the location of an external project?
Definition
Folder Browse
Term
Which window (out of the 4 principal windows) serves as the central hub of your project?
Definition
Project
Term
What is the Track Panel?
Definition
Displays a track button for each track of source material and every sequence track
Term
What are the three buttons in the Select Project dialog box that designate the location where the project will be saved?
Definition
Private - saved in the Documents folder of the OS user; Shared - saved in the Shared Documents folders; External - saved in any location
Term
Where does Media Composer store the project files for private projects?
Definition
In the OS user's Documents folder
Term
What is a bin?
Definition
Holds the assets in a project
Term
Name the 4 principal windows of the Avid interface.
Definition
Project, bin, composer, timeline
Term
Name the 3 bin layouts and their purpose.
Definition
Text - lots of info, small space; Frame - easily arrange shots; Script - comments field
Term
What is the shortcut for creating a new sequence?
Definition
Ctrl+Shift+N
Term
What is the shortcut for creating a new video track?
Definition
Ctrl+Y
Term
What is the shortcut for creating a new mono audio track? What about a stereo audio track?
Definition
Ctrl+U; Ctrl+Shift+U
Term
What is the shortcut for smart tool toggle?
Definition
Shift+Tab
Term
How do you reset fader level to 0dB?
Definition
Alt-click fader level
Term
What is the shortcut for link selection toggle?
Definition
Shift+L
Term
How can you lower the volume of just the music?
Definition
Fader button
Term
Why is Overwrite mode well-suited for audio editing?
Definition
Audio tracks naturally have gaps of filler between segments
Term
What is digital audio scrub and how is it enabled?
Definition
Plays audio associated with each frame as you move the position indicator through the sequence. Hold Shift key while dragging; CAPS LOCK
Term
T or F. Splice-In never affects track/sequence duration.
Definition
False.
Term
What are 2 ways to create a new sequence?
Definition
1. Right-click in timeline and choose New Sequence.
2. Select clip>New Sequence
Term
What type of edit does Splice-In perform?
Definition
Insert
Term
Name one method/shortcut to adjust the clip gain besides dragging the mini fader.
Definition
Click icons, then use up/down arrow keys
Term
What modifier keys allow you to snap to edit points in the timeline?
Definition
Ctrl - to snap the head of the moving segment to edit points; Ctrl+alt - to snap the tail of the moving segment to edit points
Term
What is an easy way to select segments in segment mode?
Definition
Lasso left to right
Term
What is the shortcut for entering/exiting trim mode?
Definition
U key
Term
How do you trim left 8 to 10 frames?
Definition
M key
Term
How do you trim left 1 frame?
Definition
Comma (,) key
Term
How do you trim right 1 frame?
Definition
Period (.) key
Term
How do you trim right 8 to 10 frames?
Definition
Forward slash (/) key
Term
What are A-side and B-side trims?
Definition
The A-side is the left side and holds the outgoing shot (intuitive); The B-side is on the right side and has the incoming shot
Term
What is a dual-roller trim?
Definition
"Rolls" the edit point by changing both B/A sides simultaneously
Term
What segment mode is used to nudge clips?
Definition
Lift/Overwrite
Term
What is the best segment mode for recording segments?
Definition
Extract/Splice-In
Term
What are sync locks?
Definition
They lock the sync relationship between audio/video on any tracks for which they are enabled.
Term
What are match frame edits? How do you remove them?
Definition
Edit point created by Add Edit; To remove: Mark i/o points, choose Clip> Remove Match Frame Edits
Term
What is the shortcut for aligning columns in Text View?
Definition
Ctrl+T
Term
What is the shortcut for opening a bin?
Definition
Ctrl+O
Term
What is the shortcut for grouping clips?
Definition
Ctrl+Shift+G
Term
What is the shortcut for duplicating?
Definition
Ctrl+D
Term
What is the shortcut for cloning a clip?
Definition
Alt-drag to bin
Term
How do you sift clips?
Definition
1. Bin>Custom Sift 2. Choose among operations (ex. "contains) 3. Click in the Text to Find box and enter the text you want the system to find 4. Open the column or range to search menu and choose the column you want to search
Term
What is the difference between an inclusive and exclusive sift?
Definition
Inclusive - a clip must meet only one criterion to appear in a sifted bin; Exclusive - a clip must meet all criteria
Term
What is the shortcut to view a pop-up menu containing previously entered values in a custom column?
Definition
Hold down the Alt key and click on the cell in which you want the text to appear
Term
What is the difference between duplicating a clip and cloning a clip?
Definition
Cloning - changes made will happen to clone; Duplicating - changes made will not affect the original
Term
How do you display the start timecode of your clips?
Definition
1. Click bin view (This will initially display "Untitled") 2. Select Capture
Term
How do you add a custom column to a bin in Text mode?
Definition
1. Display bin in Text view 2. Click on the empty area to the right of all headings 3. Type a name for the new column and hit enter
Term
How can you tell if a bin has been sifted?
Definition
Bin> Show sifted, Show unsifted
Term
What is a group clip? What is the advantage of working with group clips?
Definition
Creates a single clip out of a single set of master clips; Allows you to sync clips based on common source timecode, marks, etc.
Term
What is the shortcut for enlarging the height of timeline tracks?
Definition
Ctrl+L
Term
What is the shortcut for reducing the height of timeline tracks?
Definition
Ctrl+K
Term
What is the shortcut for enlarging the size of audio waveforms?
Definition
Ctrl+Alt+L
Term
What is the shortcut reducing the size of audio waveforms?
Definition
Ctrl+Alt+K
Term
What is the shortcut for Lift?
Definition
Z
Term
What is the shortcut for Extract?
Definition
X
Term
What is the shortcut for Splice-In?
Definition
V
Term
What is the shortcut for Overwrite?
Definition
B
Term
What is the shortcut for Find?
Definition
Ctrl+F
Term
What is three-point editing?
Definition
Two points to mark a duration and one point to mark the location
Term
How do you jump to a specific timecode?
Definition
1. Click the monitor in which to search 2. Enter timecode like this: ex. 01:23:02:00, type 1230200
Term
What is the difference between Find and Sift?
Definition
Find searches all bins
Term
When navigating the timecode, what is the difference between typing +30:00 and 30:00?
Definition
Move forward from current position (frame offset)
Term
What is the shortcut for selecting the A-side trim?
Definition
P
Term
What is the shortcut for selecting the B-side trim?
Definition
]
Term
What is the shortcut for selecting the dual-roller trim?
Definition
[
Term
What is the shortcut to go to Previous Edit?
Definition
A
Term
What is the shortcut to go to Next Edit?
Definition
S
Term
What is the shortcut to exit trim mode?
Definition
Esc; U
Term
What is the shortcut to play the A-side only (in trim loop)?
Definition
Q
Term
What is the shortcut to play the B-side only (in trim loop)?
Definition
W
Term
What is the radio-edit technique?
Definition
Turn off video
Term
What are 2 "trimming on the fly" techniques?
Definition
J-K-L trimming (ability to trim in slow motion); intuitive edit (jump to specific point in the footage)
Term
How does J-K-L work in trim mode?
Definition
Perform trim while you watch the footage
Term
What function is associated with the play button while in trim mode?
Definition
Loop
Term
What does an A-side trim adjust?
Definition
Adjusts the timing of a cut away; how quickly you cut away from an actor when he/she is speaking
Term
What does a B-side trim adjust?
Definition
Adjusts the timing of the show you cut to
Term
If you hear a pop at an edit point, but can't tell which side of the edit point in the problem, what can you do?
Definition
1. Play loop in trim mode 2.Press the Q key to play the outgoing side 3. Press the W key to play the incoming side 4. Trim a frame or 2
Term
What is a split edit? What is the benefit of creating a split edit?
Definition
J-cut (music before visuals), L-cut (visuals before music; seamless, invisible edit
Term
What do you hold to create a sub-sequence by dragging the image from the Record monitor to the bin?
Definition
Alt(-drag)
Term
What are the keys for top and tail?
Definition
Shift+I, Shift+O
Term
What is the shortcut for match frame?
Definition
N
Term
What is a slip?
Definition
Slip lets you change the content of a segment, to show an earlier or later part of the original master clip; Rollers are set on either end of the segment you are slipping. Like a SCROLL, one is rolled up and the other is rolled out
Term
What is a slide?
Definition
Slide lets you move a segment, but not change its content; Rollers are set to the tail frame of the segment before and the head frame of the segment after the shot you are sliding. These two rollers work in tandem to pull the shot in either direction and simultaneously fill in the space behind it.
Term
What is the default way to copy material from a sequence?
Definition
C
Term
What is Top or Tail and what function is most like it?
Definition
Enables you to perform quick edits to segments in the timeline; Extract
Term
What is the extend function?
Definition
Extend allows you to roll edit points w/o going into Trim mode; result is identical to using a dual-roller trim; can be used to very efficiently remove split edits in a sequence
Term
What is the shortcut for adding a keyframe?
Definition
Ctrl+Shift+click
Term
What do you hold to drag a keyframe?
Definition
Alt(-drag)
Term
How do you select multiple keyframes?
Definition
Shift-click; lasso
Term
What is the primary tool for adjusting volume/pan levels in a sequence?
Definition
Audio Mixer (makes it easy to set the level and pan for a clip, sequence, or multiple clips within a sequence)
Term
Why would you use a compressor/limiter?
Definition
Compressor automatically adjusts the audio signals that exceed a specific threshold; primary controls are RATIO and THRESHOLD
Term
While listening to the affected clip in an AudioSuite plug-in, which button do you click to listen to the original audio?
Definition
Bypass
Term
Decibel range recommended for most projects?
Definition
26dB and 8dB
Term
From where do you open the Audio EQ window? What is it?
Definition
Tools>Audio EQ; Lets you boost/cut the bass, midrange, and treble frequencies of an audio clip
Term
The Audio EQ tool is what band?
Definition
3-band
Term
T or F. AudioSuite plug-ins are real time that do not require rendering.
Definition
False. RTAs do not require rendering
Term
How do you change the start timecode?
Definition
1. Text view in bin 2. Click on the start TC for the sequence 3. Enter the new value
Term
Difference between export and send-to?
Definition
Export - output a file; Send To - enables you to send sequences or master clips from your Avid editing system to other applications, automating your workflow; automates the export process
Term
How do you activate full screen playback?
Definition
Special>Full Screen Playback; Shift+Ctrl+F
Term
How do you create reference tone?
Definition
1. Tools>Audio Tool 2. Click PH[peak hold] menu 3. Select CREATE TONE MEDIA
Term
Difference between Expert and Render In/Out?
Definition
Expert - skips real time; Render - looks at everything
Term
How do you add filler at start?
Definition
Clip>Add Filler At Start
Term
Tools helpful for live review sessions?
Definition
Timecode window, full screen playback
Term
Why might the full screen playback be greyed out?
Definition
The system is configured to export through hardware.
Term
T or F. A video mixdown flattens the sequence but does not create new media.
Definition
False. Creates a new master clip
Term
What is metadata?
Definition
Info that's written into the media wrapper file (ex. frame rate, codec, source), also items in bin, which are used to identify/track the actual media files
Term
What does consolidating do?
Definition
Copies the media from one location to another, rewrapping it as MXF as needed; can choose to keep or delete the original files
Term
What is transcoding?
Definition
Format conversion; special type of consolidating that simultaneously converts the resolution/frame rate of your clips; will not delete the original media when finished
Term
Some of your media is offline. What is a good troubleshooting step?
Definition
Delete the database files
Term
What is a codec?
Definition
A compression formula that defines how an image is both compressed and decompressed (higher ratio = more compressed
Term
What is the function of a wrapper?
Definition
Defines the file format and is reflected in the file extension; "packaging" of the file
Term
What function can be used to find the media files linked to a clip?
Definition
Reveal File
Term
In what situation would you use Select Media Reserves?
Definition
To see what clips are used in a sequence
Term
What can you use to see render files?
Definition
Media Tool
Term
What shortcut open the Quick Transition dialog box?
Definition
Backslash (\)
Term
What shortcut removes the effect under the position indicator?
Definition
Shift+\
Term
What shortcut opens the effect palette?
Definition
Ctrl+8
Term
When you want to add a segment effect to multiple segments what tool do you use to select the segments?
Definition
To select segments when adding multiple segment effects, you must first click a Segment Mode button in the Smart tool.
Term
What is the Effect Palette?
Definition
Displays a list of effects you can apply
Term
What is the Effect Editor?
Definition
Organizes effect parameters into collapsible groups
Term
What are 3 types of effects?
Definition
Transition - applied at a cut point between 2 clips; Segment - applied to an entire clip within a sequence; Motion - applied to entire clips within a sequence to vary frame rate/motion of footage
Term
T or F. To save a template, you drag the effect icon from the upper-left corner of the Effect Editor into the Effect Palette.
Definition
False. Bin, not Effect Palette
Term
What button must be clicked before dragging a transition into the timeline in order to change its position?
Definition
Transition Manipulation button
Term
On a resize effect, how do you scale a clip in the Effect Preview monitor but maintain its aspect ratio?
Definition
Handle in the upper right
Term
Once a clip is stabilized, how can you compare the stabilized result with the original video?
Definition
In the Effect Editor, click the Scaling and Position ENABLE BUTTONS.
Term
Under which category is the Fluid Morph located in the Effect Palette?
Definition
Illusion FX Category
Term
Why would you chose to increase the size of the yellow search triangle while tracking?
Definition
Increase the area where the tracker will lock for the tracking data point; helpful if the object you are tracking is moving too fast across the frame
Term
What do the Enlarge/Reduce buttons do in the Effect Preview monitor?
Definition
Zoom in and out on the Effect Preview monitor (icons look like magnifying glasses)
Term
Types of stabilize effects?
Definition
Stabilize - first choice, flexible; Regional Stabilize - select region, not RTA; 3D Warp - stabilize effect build in, overkill
Term
What do FF/RW do?
Definition
Buttons jump the position indicator through edit points
Term
What is the difference between lift and extract?
Definition
Lift removes material, leaving a gap; Extract closes gap
Term
What are the types of tracking engines?
Definition
Fluid stabilizer - primary, analyzes multiple tracking regions in an image over a # of frames to create motion date; Correlation Tracker - traditional, after you select a high-contrast reference pattern, the tracker will follow it frame by frame; Fluid Tracker - specific, for corner pinning or tracking objects that start outside the frame
Term
What are the 3 Correlation Tracker controls?
Definition
Search Region: outer rectangle; Reference Pattern: inner rectangle; Tracking Point: the x-mark
Term
When using an effect from the Image category, how do you attach a tracker to the drawn shape?
Definition
In the tracking parameters, click the enable button for the first tracker labeled "No Tracker." Enabling this tracker assigns the tracking data point from the Tracking window to the Blur effect's shape
Term
Where do you access Avid Pan and Zoom to apply it to a clip?
Definition
From the Image category of the Effect Palette
Term
What is the difference between the Display Source and Display Target options?
Definition
Source - shows the entire image for setting up the effect; Target - previews look of effect
Term
How do you access the Source Settings dialog box?
Definition
Select a master clip in a bin, then right-click and choose Source Settings from the menu that appears
Term
T or F. FrameFlex is a destructive process.
Definition
False
Term
What is debayering?
Definition
Process of decoding a RAW file
Term
What are the rendering options for Avid Pan & Zoom?
Definition
1. Real Time - renders fastest, draft-quality 2. BSpline Catmull - sharp image; best 3. Avid Ultra Qual - extremely sharp; possibly too sharp
Term
What are the 3 types of motion effects?
Definition
Freeze frames, motion effects, timewarp effects
Term
How are freeze frames created?
Definition
They are generated from a source clip
Term
Why is it important to set the freeze frame render type?
Definition
If the render type is not set correctly, you can end up with a lower-resolution result, visible flicker within what was supposed to be a frozen frame, or a softer image.
Term
What are the 4 different types of keyframes?
Definition
Linear - creates a direct path between 2 keyframe values; Spline -creates a path with a natural ease-in and ease-out at every keyframe; Bezier - same as Spline, but shape of animation can be adjusted; Shelf - holds a keyframe's value until the next frame
Term
How are motion effects created?
Definition
They are generated from a source clip
Term
How does creating a motion effect via the Fit to Fill command differ from creating one via the Motion Effect command?
Definition
In a motion effect, you specify the rate of the effect; with Fit to Fill, you specify the amount of source material to use within a defined duration in the Timeline
Term
How are timewarp effects constructed?
Definition
They are applied to a clip in the sequence
Term
What are freeze frames?
Definition
Applied to a master clip/sub clip in the source monitor and create a new clip containing only the desired frame
Term
What are motion effects?
Definition
Applied to a master clip/sub clip in the source monitor, the rate of motion cannot be varied over time
Term
What are timewarp effects?
Definition
Applied to a segment in the timeline; the rate of motion can be keyframed
Term
What are the 3 types of freeze frame rendering?
Definition
Duplicated field - default choice, lower quality image; Both fields - good for shots without interfield motion or progressive media; Interpolated field - good for shots WITH interfield motion
Term
What is the speed graph for?
Definition
Allows you to set the speed of the timewarp effect using keyframes
Term
What is luminance?
Definition
The distribution of brightness across an image
Term
What are the Color Correction Tool's 2 adjustment groups?
Definition
1. HSL - contains adjustments that independently manipulate the hue, saturation, and luminance of the image 2. Curves - contains adjustment that manipulates the red, green, and blue channels of the image
Term
What is the Remove Color Cast tool?
Definition
Allows you to help the correction along by identifying areas of the image that should be neutral in tone: shadows, midtones, and highlights
Term
What is Chroma?
Definition
The color info in your image
Term
What is the Color Effect tool used for?
Definition
Generally just color treatments
Term
What is the advantage of simple nesting?
Definition
Used for complex effect nests because it enables you to "lift-up" higher effects so that you can focus on the effects beneath
Term
What is the advantage of expanded nesting?
Definition
You can edit the contents of a nest but still see the composite of all effects within the nest
Term
If you add a keyframe via the Record monitor, what parameters are keyframed?
Definition
Keyframes are added to all parameters
Term
How do you add an effect to a clip in the timeline on top of an existing effect?
Definition
Hold down Alt and drag an effect on top of an existing effect (known as autonesting)
Term
What is Autonesting?
Definition
Adds a new effect on top of an existing effect
Term
What are the 2 different methods you can use to view the effects inside of a nest?
Definition
Simple nesting - You travel down inside a nest and the video track monitor travels with you; Expanded nesting - lets you see the sequence and the nest contents simultaneously
Term
What are multilayer effects?
Definition
Playing, blending, superimposing clips together
Term
Why should you nest rather than layer?
Definition
Nest when you want to add a clip(s) inside another clip
Term
Why should you layer rather than nest?
Definition
Layer when you want to add another clip to a layered effect design
Term
What is the Pan and Scan effect?
Definition
Used when delivering alternate aspect ratio versions of a program
Term
What method is used to remove a shot from a sequence and leave filler in its place?
Definition
Mark the clip, then lift
Term
What editing method is used to replace an existing shot in a sequence?
Definition
Overwrite
Term
And editor wants to use the numeric keypad to move forward or backward by a specific number of frames in the sequence. What is the first step in the process?
Definition
Type a plus sign before the number to move forward or a minus sign before the number to move backward from the current position
Term
An editor wants to locate a frame currently displayed in the Record monitor and load its master clip into the Source monitor. What feature should be used to accomplish this task?
Definition
Match Frame
Term
An editor wants to remove frames from only the A-side of an edit in a dialogue scene. What are three methods that can remove these frames while maintaining sync?
Definition
1. Turn on sync locks and perform the single-roller Ripple trim 2. Perform an Overwrite trim 3. Select the frames in the timeline using In and Out marks and click the Lift button
Term
When moving a segment with a segment tool, which action restricts the move so that only a vertical movement of the segment is possible?
Definition
Ctrl+Shift+drag the segment
Term
What is the correct method to slide a shot forward in a sequence by a few frames?
Definition
In Source/Record mode, Shift+Alt+drag a lasso from right to left around the shot; click the trim buttons to slide the shot
Term
And editor modifies the tools and windows that are displayed in the Audio Toolset. What action saves the modified display?
Definition
Choose Save Current from the Toolset menu
Term
What occurs when the Enable button on an effect parameter is deselected?
Definition
The parameter is temporarily disabled
Term
And editor adds video to tracks V1 and V2, and then opens the Effect Palette. What is the next step the editor must take to create the Picture-in-Picture effect?
Definition
Apply the Picture-in-Picture effect to the video on track V2
Term
What procedure creates space for bars and tone at the head of a sequence?
Definition
Right-click in the timeline and choose Add Filler At Start
Term
When working on a title in Marquee, which setting should be selected to apply a gradient to the entire word?
Definition
Container
Term
Which part of an image is selected with the eyedropper to automatically remove a color cast using the Remove Color Cast button?
Definition
The area that is to be color neutral
Term
What affects the formats viewable in the Capture tool?
Definition
Project format
Term
What are common Output types for a sequence?
Definition
Videotape, DVD, and file
Term
For DVD Output, what is the benefit of choosing Send To>DVD Authoring instead of Send To>DVD One Step?
Definition
It allows for navigational menus and graphics
Term
Which action adds a custom column to a bin in text view?
Definition
Click to the right of all column headings and type a new heading name
Term
What is the correct procedure to back up a project?
Definition
1. Navigate to the Project folder at the operating system level 2. Drag the Project folder to a separate hard drive or server
Term
An editor is working on a project and accidentally deletes the sequence. How can the work be retrieved?
Definition
The sequence can be restored by selecting a previous version of the bin from the Attic
Term
If you want to add multiple dissolves to a series of cut point using the Quick Transition dialog box, how do you identify the cuts that will get the dissolve?
Definition
You identify the cuts in the Timeline by adding an IN point just before the first cut that will receive a Dissolve transition and an OUT point just after the last cut that will receive a Dissolve transition
Term
What is a handle and why is it important?
Definition
Handle is extra media on a clip, beyond what is edited into a sequence. It is used to create a transition.
Term
What must you do to ensure a Quick Transition is added only to a video cut point, and not an audio cut point?
Definition
You must make sure the V track is enabled and that no audio tracks are enabled in the Track Selector panel.
Term
T or F. The Transition Corner display shows the first, middle, and last frames of the A and B sides of the transition.
Definition
True
Term
T or F. Dragging a transition from the Effect Palette onto an existing transition in the Timeline replaces the existing transition.
Definition
True
Term
Where is the position bar and what is it used for?
Definition
It is located under the Effect Preview monitor and represents the duration of the segment the effect is on.
Term
When using an effect from the Image category, how do you attach a tracker to the drawn shape?
Definition
In the tracking parameters, click the enable button for the first tracker labeled "No Tracker." Enabling this tracker automatically assigns the tracking data point from the Tracking window to the Blur effect's shape.
Term
Which filter setting provides the best tradeoff between quality and performance?
Definition
BSpline Catmull
Term
How is the AMA Source Settings tab added to the Source Settings dialog box?
Definition
It is automatically provided by the AMA plug-in. Not all AMA plug-ins provide this option.
Term
Why is it important to get a good tonal range before making any other adjustment in a treatment or correction?
Definition
The tonal range is the foundation of the image. It is impossible to achieve a good-looking image unless the tonal range is correct
Term
How are RGB gain controls adjusted to create a sepia tone?
Definition
Sepia is a mix of red and yellow. To create a sepia tone, you add red and remove blue
Term
What is the Safe Color Limiter effect designed to prevent?
Definition
The Safe Color Limiter effect is designed to prevent the grayscale from exceeding video white and video black and to ensure that the color does not exceed the limits typically allowed by broadcasters
Term
What is the major difference in the way automatic corrections are applied in the HSL group and the Curves group?
Definition
In the HSL group, you apply Auto Correct and then Auto Balance, and in the Curves group you apply Auto Balance and then Auto Correct
Term
How can the Remove Color Cast tool improve the result of an automatic correction?
Definition
It allows you to identify a neutral gray in the image and create an additional point on each curve to correct for any color shifts that result from strictly balancing the red, green, and blue channels
Term
What is the advantage of simple nesting?
Definition
The video monitor follows you as you travel into the nest so you can see what is happening at a given level of the nest without seeing the effects above the level
Term
What is the advantage of expanded nesting?
Definition
You always see the composited result of all effects in the nest regardless of where you are within the nest; you can hear audio when you play; you can access material before and after your effect nest
Term
How do you change the order of effects within a nest?
Definition
Click and drag the effect icon in the Effect Editor for the effect you wish to reorder
Term
What happens to an animation if you switch keyframes from linear to spline interpolation?
Definition
An ease-in/out is added to every keyframe, making the motion smoother and more natural
Term
How do nests of effects such as 3D PIP differ from those of other effects?
Definition
3D PIP is a two-input effect and has both a foreground and a background. Both of these are visible within the nest
Term
What can you change within a title nest?
Definition
You can change the fill for the title by editing a different clip onto V2
Term
Do red bars or yellow bars in the Timeline indicate dropped frames?
Definition
Red bars indicate dropped frames. Yellow indicate an area that has caused difficulty in playback but no frames were dropped
Term
T or F: Draft quality scales the image down and lowers the frame rate to achieve more real-time performance.
Definition
False. Does not change the frame rate
Term
What two things determine the effect(s) that get rendered when you click the Render Effect button?
Definition
The selected tracks and the blue position indicator
Term
Where is the ExpertRender command located?
Definition
In the Clip menu
Term
Where do you find the Image Interpolation menu for selecting Standard, Draft, or Advanced rendering quality?
Definition
In the Render settings
Term
The transparent channel in a clip is called what?
Definition
A matte
Term
T or F. The SpectraMatte effect provides a better key than the RGB keyer effect, and it also makes it easier to fine-tune your keys.
Definition
True
Term
If you have a background clip on track V2, what track should you green screen clip be edited onto?
Definition
V3. A green or blue screen clip should be edited on the track directly above your background segment.
Term
What do the L and R parameters stand for in the Crop Parameter group of the SpectraMatte?
Definition
Left and right crop to cut out unwanted areas of the green screen
Term
T or F. The purpose of a garbage mask is to remove all of the green or blue screen from the foreground.
Definition
False. A garbage mask is used to remove unwanted portions from the outer areas of the frame. The keyer is used to removed the remaining green/blue screen that immediately surrounds the subject
Term
What is the Alpha in Source Monitor menu selection used for?
Definition
To view an Alpha channel or matte in the Source monitor, thereby seeing imperfections more clearly
Term
What are the two QuickTime codecs that support embedded Alpha channels?
Definition
Animation and ProRes 4444
Term
Images and movies in an RGB color space set black values to 0 and white values to 255. What does the SD601/HD709 color space set black and white levels to?
Definition
16 and 235, respectively
Term
How do you open the Marquee Title tool?
Definition
Select Clip>New Title and then click Marquee in the dialog box that appears
Term
What modifier key is used as you drag a bounding box to increase the font size of a text object in the Marquee window?
Definition
Alt; Shift+Alt to retain the text's aspect ratio
Term
T or F. To add a border around text, you enable the Border check box.
Definition
False. there is not Border check box. to add a border, you enable the Change Edge Properties box in the Quick Titles window
Term
If you are defining a gradient, and the final colors on your title object's surface are not what you expect, what might you need to do?
Definition
Deselect Tint
Term
What tab is used to make a texture more or less shiny?
Definition
Surfaces tab
Term
Where are the user materials found?
Definition
All styles are found in the Library tab. If the Library tab is not displayed, select Window>Library>Styles
Term
T or F. To add a keyframe on an animation curve, you click the curve where you want to add the keyframe.
Definition
False. To add a keyframe, you right-click on the animation curve AND select Insert Key from the pop-up menu
Term
What determines the duration of a Quick Fade in Marquee?
Definition
The IN and OUT marks
Term
What must the first text box be named for AutoTitler to work correctly?
Definition
The first text box must be named Text Box 1
Term
What is the shortcut for the Text tool?
Definition
T
Term
What is the shortcut for Basic Layout?
Definition
F2
Term
What is the shortcut for Basic Animation Layout?
Definition
F4
Term
What is the shortcut for the Edit tool?
Definition
E
Term
What is a sequence?
Definition
A series of video and audio segments that comprise your film or your program
Term
A new project is created with what three files?
Definition
A project file, a project settings file, and a bin file
Term
In Media Composer, a project's format is a combination of what?
Definition
Frame size and frame rate
Term
How do you permanently delete a bin file?
Definition
Click the Fast menu in the Project window and choose EMPTY TRASH
Term
What does Bin>Fill Window do?
Definition
This arranges clips to a grid pattern as wide as your current window
Term
What does Bin>Fill Sorted do?
Definition
Like Fill Window, it arranges clips to a grid pattern as wide as your current window, but it arranges them in the order they are found in Text view
Term
What does Bin>Align to Grid do?
Definition
Aligns shots to an invisible grid, without reordering or significantly changing location
Term
What shortcuts do you use to step forward or backward through a clip?
Definition
1 key - Move 10 frames back, 2 key - Move 10 frames forward, 3 key - Move 1 frame back, 4 key - Move 1 frame forward
Term
To import still images or graphic files, what should you select in the Image Size Adjustment section of the Import Settings dialog box?
Definition
Resize Image to Format Raster
Term
To import graphics with any transparency information, such as a TV station logo, what should you select in the Alpha Channel section of the Import Settings dialog box?
Definition
Invert on Import
Term
How do you download the latest plug-ins?
Definition
1. Open a Project 2. From the Marketplace menu, choose AMA PLUG-INS
Term
How do you check which plug-ins are installed?
Definition
1. From the TOOLS menu, choose CONSOLE 2. Type AMA_listplugins in the command line
Term
The Avid system automatically saves changes to your work every ____ minutes (default)?
Definition
15
Term
How do you open the Avid Title Tool?
Definition
Clip>New Title
Term
What tool in the Title Tool allows you to add or select text and draw text boxes?
Definition
Selection Tool (?)
Term
How do you create drop shadow on your text?
Definition
Drop and Depth Shadow Button (Title Tool)
Term
How do you limit the portion of the sequence that is included in an export?
Definition
Use Marks/Enabled Tracks
Term
List the steps to revise a title.
Definition
1. Right-click the title segment 2. Select edit title
Term
What is the default transition?
Definition
1 second dissolve
Term
How do you remove a transition using the Smart Tool?
Definition
1. Using the TRANSITION MANIPULATION tool, click on the transition EFFECT ICON 2. Press Delete
Term
How do you remove a transition using the Remove Effect?
Definition
1. Park the position indicator by the transition 2. Select the TRACK(S) that contain the transition(s)to be removed 3. Click the REMOVE EFFECT button
Term
How do you toggle Ripple Trim?
Definition
Shift+D
Term
How do you toggle Overwrite Trim?
Definition
Shift+F
Term
What are 2 ways to hear audio while trimming?
Definition
JKL trim; enable Digital Audio Scrub
Term
What does the Clipboard Monitor look and function nearly identical to?
Definition
Source Monitor
Term
What is the purpose of the Clipboard Monitor?
Definition
Holds copied material from one sequence for use in another
Term
How do you save clipboard contents?
Definition
Drag the icon from the Clipboard Monitor to a bin instead of from the Record monitor; Clipboard contents are saved as a sub-sequence
Term
T or F. If a marker exists within the segment of a source clip you edit to the Timeline, the marker will follow the segment and be visible in the TImeline as well.
Definition
T
Term
What does the Top button extract?
Definition
Extracts the first portion of the segment, before the position indicator
Term
What does the Tail button extract?
Definition
Extracts the later portion of a segment, after the position indicator
Term
What is Top and Tail?
Definition
Top and Tail reference the active tracks and remove everything up to the next COMMON edit point (straight cut) on all active tracks
Term
How do you reference the next edit point on any active track (Top and Tail)?
Definition
Adding the ALT modifier limits Top and Tail to the next edit point on any track
Term
What tool displays audio levels of the combined mix on a digital and analog scales?
Definition
Audio Tool
Term
What feature of the Audio Tool resets the current max peak measurements and stops the playback of the internal calibration tone?
Definition
Reset Peak (RP) button
Term
What feature lets you select options for customizing the mater displays and for setting and playing back the internal calibration tone?
Definition
Peak Hold Menu (PH) button
Term
What do Global Pan and Global Level do?
Definition
Apply the current pan or level settings to all clips on entire track(s) in a sequence (Audio Mixer)
Term
How do you snap keyframes to volume decibel lines?
Definition
Hold the Ctrl key while dragging the keyframe
Term
How do you move keyframes earlier or later?
Definition
Hold the ALT key while dragging the keyframe
Term
The left slider (bass/low shelf) in the Audio EQ tool affects what frequencies?
Definition
240Hz to 50Hz and below
Term
The right slider (treble/high shelf) in the Audio EQ tool affects what frequencies?
Definition
6kHz to 20kHz and higher
Term
The middle slider (midrange) in the Audio EQ tool affects what frequencies?
Definition
Affects frequencies between the low shelf and the high shelf
Term
What is AudioSuite?
Definition
Avid's audio plug-in standard; opens up your audio processing to plug-ins developed by Avid and by third-party developers
Term
What is the function of the BF Essential Clip Remover plug-in?
Definition
Repairs clipped audio recordings
Term
What is the function of the De-Esser Dyn 3 plug-in?
Definition
Reduces unwanted sounds to produce a smoother voiceover
Term
What is the function of the D-Verb plug-in?
Definition
Provides control over reverberation parameters so that extremely natural-sounding reverb effects can be produced
Term
What is the function of the Expander/Gate Dyn 3 plug-in?
Definition
Operates on low-level audio to make quiet sounds quieter
Term
What is the function of the BF Normalize plug-in?
Definition
Raises the peak of the audio signal as high as it can go w/o distortion
Term
T or F. Only one AudioSuite plug-in can be applied to a segment at a time.
Definition
T. To apply more than one, create an audio mixdown of the segment. This creates a new master clip with the affected audio "baked in."
Term
How do you deactivate Full Screen Playback?
Definition
Shift+Ctrl+F
Term
What is a delivery specification?
Definition
The list of technical requirements that a video must meet in order to be accepted. It typically includes file format, codec, frame dimensions, frame rate, data rate, etc.
Term
When setting the calibration tone parameters for a project, what do the values of 0 and -777 generate?
Definition
A value of 0 generates random noise, while a value of -777 generates a tone sweep
Term
What besides CREATE TONE MEDIA can be used to create tone media?
Definition
The Meter Menu button in the Timeline
Term
By default, how many seconds of filler does Media Composer add to the head of sequence when you select ADD FILLER TO START?
Definition
30 seconds
Term
What does LOAD FILLER do and why would you choose ADD FILLER TO START when packaging a sequence for output?
Definition
LOAD FILLER loads two minutes of filler into your Source monitor that you can use for editing; ADD FILLER TO START is more efficient for packaging for output because it automatically backtimes the sequence
Term
What does the use of semicolons vs. colons when specifying timecode indicate?
Definition
Drop-frame vs. non-drop-frame
Term
What does Avid's Timecode RT effect do?
Definition
Allows you to add timecode displays/text annotations that update in real time; allows you to display 4 customizable pieces of timecode information at once
Term
How can you make sure that all media for the sequences is online?
Definition
Clip Color > Offline in the Timeline fast menu
Term
What should you do if you want to ensure that all the clips have the same sample rate?
Definition
Right-click on your sequence in the bin and choose Change Sample Rate
Term
If an export with very complex sequences fails during import into some applications, what might be the problem? The solution?
Definition
Memory limitations; Try mixing down the sequence, breaking the sequence into smaller sequences and exporting the new sequences, or add more physical memory
Term
How do you perform a video mixdown?
Definition
Special>Video Mixdown
Term
T or F. You cannot mix down compressed audio, such as AMA-linked MP3 files.
Definition
T.
Term
Why would you customize a Send To template?
Definition
Delivering your program will be faster and more consistent if you create custom templates that match the delivery specifications for your most common distribution channels; Send To templates can perform multiple exports with one template
Term
What is the most efficient workflow for outputting a file for encoding with compressed software?
Definition
Use a QuickTime Reference file
Term
T or F. Media Composer supports XDCAM as a native format.
Definition
T. It does not need to convert the media essence to another format; the system will allow you to export a clip, subclip, or sequence directly to an XDCAM disk
Term
What is Avid DVD by Sonic?
Definition
A professional DVD-production system that integrates authoring and disc creation into a single application
Term
What is codec selection listed as in all settings in Media Composer?
Definition
Resolution
Term
What are Avid high-def (HD) codecs named?
Definition
DNxHD (with the number in the name representing the data rate; ex. DNxHD 36 (higher number=more data that is being transferred with each frame)
Term
When you import, Media Composer does what 2 things?
Definition
1. It converts the media file to a new format 2. It rewraps the media essence in an MXF wrapper
Term
What 3 factors is the video format defined by?
Definition
1. Frame rate 2. Scan method for scanning the images 3. Raster dimension (raster is the image's frame size as measured horizontally in pixels and vertically in scan lines)
Term
What does the offline/online workflow of the metadata-media file link consist of?
Definition
The offline stage consists of capturing large amounts of footage in a very compressed format; the online stage is when you perform technical tasks that ensure the picture/sound are of the highest quality
Term
What does the Media Tool do?
Definition
It allows you to see the media files on all hard drives online in a display that is similar to your bin formats
Term
T or F. The Media Tool will only delete media from the drive, not master clips or other bin-level metadata.
Definition
T. If you were to copy media to the incorrect drive, you could delete those files most easily from the Media Tool.
Term
What is the most common need for transcoding?
Definition
To convert AMA media to native Avid MXF for better performance
Term
Where is CONSOLIDATE/TRANSCODE located?
Definition
Clip>CONSOLIDATE/TRANSCODE
Term
T or F. Consolidate and Transcode can both be run as background processes.
Definition
T
Term
How can you restore the pointers between the clip or sequence and its media files?
Definition
Relink
Term
T or F. Quick Transitions are real time effects?
Definition
T
Term
What does a green dot next to an effect icon indicate?
Definition
That the effect does not require rendering and will play back in real time
Term
What is the problem when the Insufficient Source dialog box is displayed?
Definition
There is not enough handle media to apply the default transition
Term
What is the Size to Fit option in the Insufficient Source dialog box?
Definition
Media Composer's offer to change the duration of the effect to fit the available handle size
Term
What is the most efficient stabilization engine for locking down shots?
Definition
Correlation Tracker
Term
What does Fluid Morph do?
Definition
Helps solve the problem of jump cuts; can warp the two images to better align with each other, so they perform a more seamless transition
Term
Fluid Morph warps both images based on what?
Definition
Luminance of the images
Term
How can Feature Match improve the warping of Fluid Morph?
Definition
Feature Match improves the warping by aligning feature patterns as it warps both images
Term
What does the Avid Pan & Zoom effect allow you to do?
Definition
Allows you to move across as well as zoom into a still image, with extensive keyframe control over field of view
Term
What option in Avid Pan & Zoom allows you to like the image file with the effect and display it in the Effect Preview monitor?
Definition
Import Image option
Term
T or F. If you move an image file after you have imported it into the Pan & Zoom effect, the image will no longer be linked to the effect
Definition
T
Term
What does the Size parameter do in Avid Pan & Zoom?
Definition
The Size parameter ranges from 0.1 to 20. These values act as a multiplier.
Term
What does the Position parameter do in Avid Pan & Zoom?
Definition
The Position parameters begin at an X and Y value of 0,0, which is the center of the image. Different values move the field of view left, right, up, and down
Term
What do the Velocity In and Out menus in Avid Pan & Zoom determine?
Definition
How smoothly an animation starts and lands on a keyframe
Term
What does the Path menu in Avid Pan & Zoom determine?
Definition
The actual motion path of the animation (Ex. linear, spline)
Term
What does the Filter menu in Avid Pan & Zoom determine?
Definition
Lists the options from fastest and lowest quality render at the top to slowest and highest quality render at the bottom
Term
What is the Source Settings dialog box?
Definition
Detects the properties of the source media based on their metadata. It allows you to quickly see the properties of the input files and make changes if necessary
Term
What are the two primary tabs of the Source Settings dialog box?
Definition
FrameFlex - used to reformat high-resolution clips to fit within an HD project; Color Encoding - used to manage the color conversion from the high resolution camera's native color space to Media Composer's HD broadcast standard (Rec. 709)
Term
A Source Settings-modified segment can be identified by what?
Definition
Green dot on segment in Timeline
Term
How can you refresh your Timeline after changing the Source Settings?
Definition
Clip>Refresh Sequence>Source Settings
Term
What are looking tables (LUTs)?
Definition
A method of color space conversion; they perform real time color conversions so that images recorded on RAW/Log-based digital cameras look correct on HD broadcast monitors
Term
Digital cinema cameras can record files in what three ways?
Definition
RAW, Log, or Rec. 709
Term
When should you use the interpolated field rendering type?
Definition
NTSC 29.97i, PAL 25i, or 1080i media
Term
When should you use the both field rendering type?
Definition
NTSC 24/23.976p, PAL 25p/24p, 720p or 1080p media
Term
What will happen is you use the both fields rendering type in an interlaced project when creating freeze frames?
Definition
Visible flutter
Term
T or F. Reverse and high speed motion effects cannot play in real time without being rendered
Definition
T
Term
T or F. Duplicated field requires rendering
Definition
F
Term
T or F. Timewarp effects do not change the duration of a segment in the Timeline.
Definition
T
Term
T or F. Timewarp effects do not have a fixed rate of speed.
Definition
T
Term
T or F. Timewarp effects do not contain additional, higher quality render methods
Definition
F
Term
What two graphs are found in the Motion Effect Editor?
Definition
Speed and Position
Term
Why might you designate a keyframe was an "anchor" when graphing a Timewarp effect?
Definition
To ensure that a Timewarp effect does not shift the position of a specific frame; the anchor ensures that a given source frame will be held to a specific point in the Timeline; especially useful when you want to sync a particular action in the effect to a cue in the music
Term
T or F. You can only have one anchor in a Timewarp effect.
Definition
T
Term
What are Avid Media Composer's two primary tools in terms of color adjustments and corrections?
Definition
Color Effect and Color Correction
Term
The Color Effect is divided into what two parts?
Definition
Luminance Adjustments and Color Adjustments
Term
What are the three parameters dealing with luminance (Color Effect)?
Definition
1. Luma Adjust 2. Luma Range 3. Luma Clip
Term
What are the three parameters dealing with color (Color Effect)?
Definition
1. Chroma Adjust 2. Color Style 3. Color Gain
Term
What are Luma Adjust's two parameters?
Definition
1. Brightness - increases/decreases the intensity of light across the entire tonal range 2. Cont (Contrast) - stretches/compresses the difference in brightness between the light and dark areas in a shot
Term
What are Luma Range's three parameters?
Definition
1. W(hite) Point and 2. B(lack) Point - defines the whitest white and the blackest black in an image; 3. Gamma - a response curve that defines how the tonal range transitions between black and white
Term
What are video black and video white?
Definition
Defined limits for the grayscale within the digital video standards; 16, 235 (b,w)
Term
What does the Gamma setting adjust?
Definition
It adjusts the tones between the white and black points but it is not a linear adjustment; it actually adjusts all grayscale tones using what is referred to as a response curve; brightens midrange tones the most (unlike Brightness)
Term
What are Luma Clip's two parameters?
Definition
1. High and 2. Low parameters - final determination on the max white level and min black levels; normally leave these at 16 and 235
Term
What are Chroma Adjust's two parameters?
Definition
1. Hue - actual color tint in the image 2. Saturation - intensity of color
Term
What are Color Style's two parameters?
Definition
1. Posterize - reduces the # of colors used in the images 2. Solar - way to create a negative image; allows you to control the degree of inversion (unlike Invert check box)
Term
What are the primary colors of the video color space?
Definition
Red, green, and blue
Term
T or F. HSL adjustments affect grayscale.
Definition
F. HSL adjustments do not affect grayscale (luminance). In Curves, you are always simultaneously adjusting both color and grayscale.
Term
When should you use Automatic Color Correction?
Definition
May be useful while doing an offline edit, particularly if you only need to correct a basic color problem.
Term
When should you NOT use Automatic Color Correction?
Definition
Not recommended for online finishing work.
Term
T or F. Because automatic color correction only analyzes the frame you are currently parked on, you should correct on a frame that is most representative of the entire shot.
Definition
T
Term
In the HSL group, what does Auto Contrast do?
Definition
Adjusts the black and white levels (known as setup and gain) to maximize the tonal range in an image
Term
In the HSL group, what does Auto Balance do?
Definition
Adjusts the white balance of the image's shadows, midtones, and highlights
Term
The Curves group contains what four curves?
Definition
Red, green, blue, and master
Term
In the Curves group, what does Auto Contrast do?
Definition
Adjusts the master curve
Term
In the Curves group, what does Auto Balance do?
Definition
Adjusts the red, green and blue curves
Term
T or F. There is a single Remove Color Cast tool in the Curves group, as opposed to HSL group's 3.
Definition
T
Term
How does the Remove Color Cast tool in Curves perform a different function from the HSL group's?
Definition
In the HSL group, the Remove Color Cast tool is similar to Auto Balance, but in Curves the Remove Color Cast tool changes the white balance by adding a control point between the low and high adjustments
Term
How can you tell how deep you are in a nested effect?
Definition
Look at the Track Patching panel
Term
Effects are always processed from the _____ of the nest up.
Definition
Bottom
Term
What is a shortcut to entering and existing expanded nesting?
Definition
Double-clicking a highlighted segment (as opposed to alt-clicking the STEP IN button)
Term
In expanded nesting, what do the two numbers in the Track Patching panel indicate? (ex. 2.1)
Definition
The first number indicates the nest level of the track, and the second number indicates the track number at that layer of the nest
Term
What is a picture-in-picture effect (PIP)?
Definition
A PIP allows you to layer one clip over another and adjust the size, position, and opacity of the upper clip
Term
T or F. Advanced keyframing allows you set keyframes for each parameter independently, with a few exceptions.
Definition
T
Term
T or F. After you change from the default All Parameters setting, you can no longer use standard keyframes under the Effect Preview monitor
Definition
T
Term
How do you display a parameter's keyframe graph?
Definition
Click on the ARROW next to a keyframed parameter to display its keyframe graph
Term
How many video tracks do Title nests have? What are they?
Definition
3; V1 represents the background for the title, V2 and V3 represent the two parts of the title: its fill (on V2) and its matte (on V3)
Term
What is the matte in a Title nest?
Definition
Used to define the edges of the title and indicates where the title and the background are displayed; the title matte is locked and cannot be modified
Term
What is the fill in a Title nest?
Definition
What is displayed wherever the matte indicates that the title should be visible; the fill can be modified
Term
According to Avid, which two effects are useful and commonly applied to tracks instead of clips?
Definition
Safe Color Limiter and the Pan and Scan effect
Term
What does Pan and Scan's Subdivide Effect do?
Definition
Allows you to automatically break up the Pan and Scan effect up into multiple effects, one for every edit on a given track
Term
What is rendering?
Definition
A process by which Media Composer calculates (or creates) the effect and writes the resulting image into a video file
Term
What are precomputes?
Definition
Files that have been computed, or calculated, in advance of playback
Term
T or F. Rather than playing directly off of the hard drive, Media Composer always plays out of a special reserved area of the host computer's RAM.
Definition
T. This reserved area, or buffer, can hold over 10 seconds of full quality uncompressed video
Term
What are dropped frames?
Definition
Frames of video that are skipped
Term
T or F. When frames are dropped, the frame rate drops dramatically, but audio/video sync is always maintained.
Definition
T
Term
What do yellow bars in the timecode ruler at the top of the Timeline indicate?
Definition
Indicate areas that stressed the system during playback but did not cause it to drop frames
Term
What do blue bars in the timecode ruler at the top of the Timeline indicate?
Definition
Indicate areas that overtaxed the system during playback; dropped frames
Term
What do red bars in the timecode ruler at the top of the Timeline indicate?
Definition
Indicate areas that stressed the drives on which the media was stored during playback but did not cause it to drop frames
Term
What are two options you have if you stressed the system or dropped frames?
Definition
1. Adjust the playback quality setting 2. Render the effects
Term
What are the three video quality options available?
Definition
1. Full Quality 2. Draft Quality (scales the frame by 50% in each direction) 3. Best Performance
Term
What is Media Composer's effects processing architecture?
Definition
Avid Component Processing Library
Term
What are some factors that can affect system performance?
Definition
CPU speed and configuration; RAM speed; Overall system transfer speed; Graphics card performance; Other running system processes
Term
What is stripping?
Definition
A process where two or more drives are joined together by the system and treated as a single drive; By combining multiple drives, the system can read and write material much more quickly.
Term
T or F. Although the Render Effect button does render a single effect, it also renders all the effects on all clips at the current position, on active tracks
Definition
T
Term
T or F. Once an effect is rendered, it will remain rendered until you modify the effect
Definition
T
Term
T or F. You can interrupt lengthy render processes by pressing Ctrl+
Definition
T
Term
ExpertRender selects segments in the recommended ranges using what rules?
Definition
1. Render any effect that isn't completely covered by another effect 2. Render any non-real-time effect, unless completely covered by another effect that will be rendered. This includes nests that contain non-real-time effects
Term
What is Image Interpolation?
Definition
A menu that controls the algorithm used to process effects, thereby controlling both the quality and the time it takes to complete
Term
What is the ideal configuration when working on an effects-heavy sequence in which you will be doing numerous renders and want to minimize render time during the creative process?
Definition
Image Interpolation menu>Draft (Nearest Neighbor)
Term
Where do you set render quality?
Definition
The Render Settings dialog box from the Settings pane of the Project window
Term
How do you open the Clear Renders dialog box?
Definition
Right-click the Timeline and choose Clear Renders at Position
Term
T or F. Clear Renders deletes the rendered files
Definition
F
Term
T or F. While you are in Marquee, Media Composer will not auto-save you project or bins.
Definition
T
Term
What are the areas of the Marquee Title tool?
Definition
Quick Titles, Monitor, Toolbox, Layers Window, Library, and Properties
Term
What do you do in the Monitor in the Marquee Title tool?
Definition
The monitor is where you create your text and graphics
Term
What is the Toolbox for in the Marquee Title tool?
Definition
The toolbox is where you can select tools to create and transform objects
Term
What is Quick Titles Properties for in the Marquee Title tool?
Definition
This window contains the most commonly used text properties for basic title creation
Term
What is the Layers Window for in the Marquee Title tool?
Definition
Each text or graphical object is displayed in a stacked hierarchical order (similar to Photoshop)
Term
What is the Properties Window for in the Marquee Title tool?
Definition
This window shows the transform properties for scaling and rotating an object, but it can be changed to show other properties for text, surfaces, light sources, and lower thirds
Term
What is the Library for in the Marquee Title tool?
Definition
The library contains a number of sub-tabs that store various time-saving assets, including keyframe animation presets, materials, image textures, and templates
Term
What is the primary tool in the Toolbox and what does it do?
Definition
Edit tool; used for repositioning, scaling, and formatting
Term
What is the safe title area? How do you view it in the Marquee Title tool?
Definition
The area all text for television broadcast should remain inside; View>Safe Action/Title
Term
When working with gradient controls, why would you deselect the Tint check box?
Definition
To see your own colors for the gradient
Term
How do you add a triangular color stop to the gradient preview bar?
Definition
Alt-clicking the gradient preview bar
Term
What are the three gradient direction types?
Definition
Horizontal, Vertical, Radical
Term
What does the Mapping list determine?
Definition
How the gradient is mapped to the object's surface (Local, Container, etc.)
Term
How does the Local setting of the Mapping list map?
Definition
Local maps the gradient across each letter
Term
How does the Container setting of the Mapping list map?
Definition
Container maps the gradient across the entire text object
Term
Once a texture is applied to text in the Marquee Title tool, how can you further refine it?
Definition
Surfaces Properties window, which you can access by choosing Window>Properties>Surfaces
Term
How do you save a material for reuse?
Definition
1. Select the OBJECT in the Monitor 2. Click the MATERIALS tab in the Library window 3. Right-click the USER MATERIALS and select NEW MATERIAL 4. Choose which OPTIONS you wish to save into the material, name it, and click OK
Term
What are two of Marquee's stand-out capabilities?
Definition
3D rotation and 3D extrusion
Term
What is extrusion?
Definition
The depth, or thickness, of an object
Term
What are bevel styles?
Definition
Various edge types applied to the front and back face of the text
Term
What are the rotation sphere's three color-coded rotation circles and what do they stand for?
Definition
Yellow - tilt and object forward or backward; Green - rotate the object clockwise/counterclockwise; Blue - spin the object around
Term
What is clicking the Expand button on a layer in Marquee similar to?
Definition
Stepping into a nested track in Media Composer
Term
When animating text, how can you reset a property's value shuttles?
Definition
By clicking the Reset button to the right of the value shuttles
Term
How can you add keyframes to property curves in the Timeline window?
Definition
By right-clicking on the curve and selecting Insert Key from the pop-up menu
Term
What is the AutoTitler?
Definition
An option in Marquee that allows you to create multiple titles, each with different text content, from a single template and an external text file
Term
T or F. Text files must be in the plain text (TXT) format for AutoTitler to read and load the file
Definition
T
Term
What is keying?
Definition
Keying means to create transparency in a foreground image and combine it with a background image to create one composite image
Term
What are the three primary tools to generate a matte in Media Composer?
Definition
1. Rotoscoping tools 2. Keying effects 3. Matte keys
Term
What are rotoscoping tools?
Definition
Rotoscoping tools require you to manually draw/paint the matte frame by frame over the portion of the image you wish to keep
Term
What are keying effects?
Definition
Using one of the keying effects, the matte is procedurally generated by Media Composer based on color or luminance
Term
What are matte keys?
Definition
A matte key uses a separate grayscale image to create the transparency
Term
What are Alpha channels?
Definition
Mattes that are incorporated into the actual media file; the fourth channel of an image, the first three channels being red, green, and blue
Term
What is the best keyer for blue or green screen?
Definition
SpectraMatte effect; not only provides a better quality key compared to the RGB keyer effect, it also makes it easy to fine-tune your keys and to solve problems such as shadows and color spill
Term
What is a chroma key?
Definition
A simple effect that picks a color range and generates a matte from only those pixels
Term
What is color-difference keying?
Definition
A blue and green screen method that is more complex than chroma key; subtracts the selected color and the other color channels
Term
What is the difference between matte and mask?
Definition
A matte is a grayscale image used to identify transparency in an RGB image, and a mask is the application of a matte; ex. You MASK out the boom mic using a MATTE
Term
What does the wedge in the SpectraGraph screen represent?
Definition
The wedge shows the range of color used to generate the matte
Term
In the SpectraMatte effect, what does the Chroma Tolerance parameter define?
Definition
Defines the width or spread of the wedge
Term
In the SpectraMatte effect, what does the Key Sat Line determine?
Definition
Determines the minimum saturation level for the key color range; the higher the parameter value, the more saturated colors must be to affect the matte
Term
In the SpectraMatte effect, what does the Chroma Key Saturation define?
Definition
Defines the location of the center point of the wedge
Term
Where can you view the grayscale Matte channel?
Definition
In the Source monitor, while the composite is shown in the Effect Preview monitor
Term
How do you view the Matte channel?
Definition
In the Matte Analysis section of the Effect Editor, choose ALPHA IN SOURCE MONITOR from the SPECTRAGRAPH SOURCE MONITOR menu
Term
What do the white areas of the matte represent?
Definition
They represent the opaque parts of the foreground image
Term
What do the black areas of the matte represent?
Definition
They represent the transparent parts of the foreground image
Term
What do the Inner Softness and Outer Softness parameters determine?
Definition
Determine how narrow or broad the falloff is between the keyed-out color and the foreground; used to help control the amount of gray/black specks in the foreground
Term
What do the Matte Processing controls allow you to do?
Definition
Lets you blur, shrink (erode), expand (dilate) the edges of the Matte channel to make the matte fit better around your subject; often the most difficult part of keying
Term
What is spill?
Definition
Any tinting of areas on the foreground toward the backing screen color
Term
What parameter helps you change the spread of the spill correction?
Definition
Spill Angle Offset
Term
What determines the threshold for where spill suppression begins?
Definition
Saturation; the lower the #, the more key colors with less sat are included in the suppression; the higher the #, the closer the spill sat matches the Key Saturation value
Term
T or F. When you bring in the QuickTime file either through AMA linking or importing, the Matte Key effect will play back in real time.
Definition
T
Term
What are the 2 media files created when you import a file with Alpha?
Definition
The FILL MEDIA, created at the resolution set in the Media Creation settings or at what is chosen in the import window; the ALPHA, which is imported as uncompressed
Term
T or F. The matte key clips are always edited on the track above your background track.
Definition
T
Term
What are the 2 critical options located on the Image tab of the Import Settings dialog box that will affect QuickTime with Alpha?
Definition
1. File Pixel to Video Mapping 2. Alpha Channel options
Term
What are the 3 options of File Pixel to Video Mapping?
Definition
1. Computer RGB (0-255) - you use this setting when you have created graphics in an RGB color space; images and movie files are remapped 2. 601 SD or 709 HD (16-335) - you use this setting when you have created graphics in a 601/709 color space; images and movie files are NOT remapped 3. Computer RGB, Dither Image Colors - this does not change the color levels, but instead adds a bit of noise to randomize the levels
Term
When Media Composer links to a graphic or movie file with embedded Alpha, what do black and white represent?
Definition
Black represents the opaque areas in an image, and white represents the transparent areas (OPPOSITE OF THE SPECTRAMATTE KEY)
Term
How is Media Composer equipped to handle linking to a graphic or movie file with embedded Alpha, when is the opposite of what it expects?
Definition
The Alpha Channel section of the Import Settings dialog box can handle the Alpha no matter which way it was created; in most cases the Alpha channel will need to be INVERTED and you'll need to select the INVERT ON IMPORT button
Term
What two ways can Alpha channels be created and which one is supported by Media Composer?
Definition
Straight or pre-multiplied; Media Composer only supports straight Alpha channels