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Art I Color Vocabulary
Color vocabulary words and definitions
18
Art/Design
09/21/2010

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Term
primary colors
Definition
red, yellow and blue
considered "pure" colors and cannot be mixed. They make all the rest of the colors on the color wheel
The primary colors are a TRIAD
Term
analogous
Definition
3-5 neighboring colors. Colors right next to each other. An example is y-yo-o
Term
cool colors
Definition
Colors that remind you of ice, water, soil and snow. Examples of cool colors are blue, white, brown, black, blue, and violet. Cool colors take up half of the color wheel.
Term
warm colors
Definition
Colors that remind you of fire, lava and the sun. Examples of warm colors are red, orange, yellow and pink. Warm colors take up half of the color wheel.
Term
monochromatic
Definition
Literally means "one color". A one-color color schemes. A monochromatic painting shows various values (tints and shades) of the same color. Similar to a black and white photograph.
Term
intensity
Definition
One of the three properties of colors. Intensity is the brightness and dullness of a color. Think about a neon sign being very bright or intense!
Term
triad
Definition
A triad is three colors evenly spaced on the color wheel. A triad forms an equilateral triangle. The two main triads are the primary and secondary colors.
Term
value
Definition
Value is one of the three properties of color. Value is the lightness and darkness of a color. Value is also called tints and shades.
Term
tertiary (intermediate)
Definition
A tertiary color is made by mixing a primary color with a secondary color (P+S=T. The are 6 tertiary colors on a color wheel. They are y-o, r-o, r-v, b-v, y-g,and b-g. The primary color is always written first in a tertiary color.
Term
complements
Definition
A complementary color are a set of two colors that are straight across the color wheel from each other. Examples of complements are red and green, blue and orange, and yellow and violet.
Term
neutral
Definition
Neutral colors are created by combining even amounts of complements to create muddy earthy tones. In clothing a neutral is grey and khaki. In paint it is more muddy shades of brown.
Term
hue
Definition
Hue is another name for the word color. Hue is one of the three properties of color.
Term
split-compliment
Definition
A split-compliment is a three-color color scheme. An example would be y, b-v and r-v. Start at a color and go across to its complement and select the color on each side of the complement (forms a "Y" shape)
Term
tint
Definition
A tint is a lighter version of a color. A tint is a lighter value of a color. When mixing a tint you start with the lightest color (white).
Term
three properties of color
Definition
The three properties of color are hue, value and intensity. Remember the acronym HIV to remember the three words! :)
Term
secondary
Definition
A secondary color is a color made from mixing two primary colors together (P+P=S). There are three secondary colors. They are green, orange and violet. The secondary colors are a TRIAD
Term
shade
Definition
A shade is a darker version of a color. A shade is a darker value of a color. When mixing shades you start with the lightest color (the color itself).
Term
The three parts of a paintbrush
Definition
The three parts are the handle, ferrule and brush