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Art History
Art History
59
Art/Design
12/21/2011

Additional Art/Design Flashcards

 


 

Cards

Term
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*Haram al-Sharif and of the Dome of the Rock, 691.

- They made it in gold because they wanted to detract from the other religious monuments.

- The site is significant because it stems from religious traditions regarding the rock at its heart, "foundation stone."


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*Umayyad Mosque of Damascus, 706-15

 


Great significance to Shi'ah Muslims and Sunni muslims as this was the destination of the ladies and children of the family of Muhammad. 

The family of Muhammad was also imprisoned here for 60 days. 

Was built on the site of a Christian basilica.

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* Cordoba, Great Mosque. Built in 784-86

 

 

Originally a pagan temple, then a christian church, then a mosque, then a catholic cathedral.

856 columns made of pieces from destroyed Roman buildings.

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Isfahan. Friday mosque (masjid jum‘a). (8-10th century)

Burnt down and rebuilt again in the 11th century

This is one of the oldest mosques still standing in Iran, and it was built in the four-iwan architectural style, placing four gates face to face 

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Istanbul, Suleymaniye Complex, by Mimar Sinawhan, 1550-57. Plan, aerial view and dome from the inside. 


The design of the Süleymaniye also plays on Suleyman's self-conscious representation of himself as a 'second Solomon.'

It references the Dome of the Rock, which was built on the site of the Temple of SolomonAs with other imperial mosques in Istanbul, the Süleymaniye Mosque was designed as a külliye, or complex with adjacent structures to service both religious and cultural needs. 

 

 

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Alhambra, Granada. Founded in 1238.

It is both a palace and a fortress, located in Granada, Spain, in the heart of a mountain range.

last palace of the muslim emirs, the kings used it then, then fell in disrepair and was rediscovered in 19th century by European scholars.

 

 

 

 

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* Fatehpur Sikri, 1571-9.  

built in the honor of a Sufi saint

then occupied by Emperors

Mughal:

Amalgamation of Persian, Hindu and Islamic Architecture

 

 

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* Complex of Sultan Hasan, Cairo 1356-62, the construction lasted three years "without a single day of idleness". Commissioned by a sultan of a short and relatively unimpressive profile, al-Maqrizi noted that within the mosque were several "wonders of construction".

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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* Delhi. Tomb of Humayun, 1562-72


Commissioned by Humayun's wife.

The mihrab is not engraved with a surat but simply an outline and faces West and Mecca.

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* Bihzad. Yusuf escaping Zuleykha’s embrace. From Sa‘di’s Bustan. Herat, 1488.

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*34-50 Michael Graves, The Portland Building, 1980


It is a public building: the municipal office building for the city of Portland, OR.

 

It is an icon of postmodern architecture, trying to stand out from the usual "glass and steel" modernist buildings.

Term
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Definition

Jeff Koons, Pink Panther, 1988


- Koons: represents the pink panther as "a female masturbation aid"

- The woman featured on the sculpture is Jayne Mansfield.

Term
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Cindy Sherman, Untitled Film Still #35, 1979


 According to Sherman, we are all actors in our lives, we learn to act by watching actors at the movies or on tv.

that's how sherman achieved international recognition

Term
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Judy Chicago, The Dinner Party, 1979


-Very important feminist artwork. A symbolic "history of women in the Western Civilization."

- Reference the Cena 


Term
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 Hans Haacke, MetroMobilitan, 1985

Haacke blends political, environmental, industrial, and humanitarian concerns all into this one piece of art. Aimed to look like the front banners of the Metropolitan Museum, Haacke uses this display to speak about the involvement that the Mobil Corporation has had in Africa.

Term
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Maya Lin, Vietnam Veterans’ Memorial, 1981-83

Term
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Richard Serra, Tilted Arc, 1981

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David Hammons, Public Enemy, 1991

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Chris Ofili, Holy Virgin Mary, 1996

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Jackson Pollock, Number 1, 1948
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Willem de Kooning, Woman I, 1950-52
Term
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Barnett Newman, Vir Heroicus Sublimis, 1950-51
Term
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Jasper Johns, Flag, 1954-55
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Andy Warhol, Marylin Dyptich, 1962
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Carolee Schneemann, Meat Joy, 196
Term
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 Tony Smith, Die, 196
Term
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Eva Hesse, Hang-Up, 1965-66
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 Robert Smithson, Spiral Jetty, 197
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Pablo Picasso, Les Demoiselles D’Avignon, 1907 


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 Vassily Kandinsky, Improvisation 28, 1912 (Guggenheim)
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 Marcel Duchamp, Fountain, 1917 
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Piet Mondrian, Composition with Red, Blue, and Yellow, 1930
Term
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ST LAZARE STATION, MONET, 1877
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Le Moulin de la Galette, RENOIR, 1876
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Caillebotte, Paris on a Rainy Day, 1877
Term
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Nadar Raising Photography to the Height of Art (Daumier, 1862)
Term
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Ophelia, 1867, Cameron
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Seurat, A Sunday A La Grande Jatte, 1884-86

 

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Van Gogh, Starry Night, 1889
Term
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Gauguin, Vision After the Sermon, 1888
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Cezanne, Basket with Apples, 1895
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Henri Rousseau, Sleeping Gypsy, 1897
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Gustave Courbet, The Stone Breakers, 1849
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 Honore’ Daumier, The Third-Class Carriage, 186
Term
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Edouard Manet, Olympia, 1863
Term
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 Nadar, Eugène Delacroix, c. 185
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Nadar, Eugène Delacroix, c. 1855
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*Pilgrimage to Cythera, 1717 (WATTEAU)

Term
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Jean-Honore Fragonard

The Swing, 1766 

Term
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JACQUES LOUIS DAVID

*Oath of the Horattii, 1784 

Term
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*Death of Marat, 1793 
JACQUES LOUIS DAVID 
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*Napoleon at the Pesthouse at Jaffa, 1804
ANTOINE JEAN GROS 
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*The Third of May, 1808, GOYA

Term
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*Raft of the Medusa, 1818-19

Théodore GERICAULT

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Joseph Mallord William Turner

*The Slave Ship, 1840 

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 Great Stupa at Sanchi, India, third century BCE to first century BC
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Vairocana Buddha, disciples, and bodhisattvas, Fengxian Temple, Longmen 

Caves, Luoyang, China.  Tang dynasty, completed 676.  Limestone, Buddha 44’ 

high.

Term
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Taizokai (Womb World) mandara, Kyoogokokuji (Toji), Kyoto, Japan.  Heian 

period, second half of ninth century.