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Art Appreciation
final exam study guide
60
Art/Design
12/09/2011

Additional Art/Design Flashcards

 


 

Cards

Term

 

In art, a ________ is usually defined as a moving dot and is both the simplest and most complex of the visual elements.

Definition

 

 

Line

Term
Light against dark or dark against light create visual differences in ___________.
Definition
value
Term
From the Italian for “light-dark,” what term is sometimes used in place of the word modeling?
Definition
chiaroscuro
Term
A triangular glass solid that breaks down sunlight or white light into different colors is called a ___________.
Definition
prism
Term
The colors opposite each other on the color wheel are ____________.
Definition
complementary
Term
Actual texture is primarily experienced through the sense of ___________.
Definition
touch
Term
In art, __________ refers to the distribution of the actual or apparent weight of the compositional elements.
Definition
balance
Term
The classical Greek sculptor Polykleitos was the first known artist to apply the principle of __________ in order to achieve overall naturalistic balance in the human body’s stance.
Definition
weight shift
Term
__________ refers to a distinctive handling of elements and media associated with the work of an individual artist, a school or movement, or a specific culture or period.
Definition
style
Term
__________ refers to the portrayal of people and things as they actually are, with no idealization or distortion.
Definition
realism
Term
__________ is the study of the themes and symbols in the visual arts: the figures and images that lend works their underlying meanings.
Definition
iconography
Term
__________ is both a very realistic portrait of rural life in America and an icon of American art due to its many commercial reproductions on cereal boxes, greeting cards, posters, and the like.
Definition
Grant Wood's American Gothic
Term
Broadly defined, __________ is the art of running an implement that leaves a mark over a surface.
Definition
drawing
Term
Michelangelo’s Studies for the Libyan Sybil is a good example of a drawing that was meant to be used __________.
Definition
as a preparatory study for another project
Term
In its original meaning, a __________ was a full-scale preliminary drawing executed on paper for projects such as frescoes, stained glass, oil paintings, or tapestries.
Definition
cartoon
Term
A form of charcoal was used by our primitive ancestors to create images on __________.
Definition
cave walls
Term
The unforgiving medium of __________ was widely used for drawing from the late Middle Ages to the early 1500s, when it was largely replaced by the lead pencil.
Definition
silverpoint
Term
Fifteenth-century artist Gentile da Fabriano applied thinly hammered sheets of gold to his Adoration of the Magi tempera panel using a technique known as __________.
Definition
gilding
Term
In both tempera and oil painting, the surface of the wood or canvas is covered with a ground of powdered chalk or plaster and animal glue known as __________.
Definition
gesso
Term
The fluidity and portability of watercolor has often lent itself to__________.
Definition
rapid sketches and preparatory studies
Term
Intaglio prints are made from __________ into which lines have been incised.
Definition
metal plates
Term
Lithography, invented in the beginning of the 19th century by a German playwright, is a planographic, or __________, printing process in which a __________ is used.
Definition
surface;stone slab
Term
The word photography is derived from Greek roots that mean __________.
Definition
to write with light
Term
By the 1850s, photographic portrait studios became quite popular and began to serve the needs of __________.
Definition
the growing middle class
Term
Which of the following is not an additive sculptural process?
Definition
carving
Term
Made from the seat and handlebars of an old bicycle, __________ is probably the best known assemblage of all time.
Definition
Picasso's Bull Head
Term
According to Marcel Duchamp, the function of a readymade was to __________.
Definition
prompt the viewer to think and think again
Term
The prehistoric Stonehenge is one of the earliest examples of __________ construction, in which two stones were set vertically and a third stone laid across them, creating an opening beneath.
Definition
post and lintel
Term
Originally a derisive term, __________ uses mass produced, light, easily handled cuts of wood and metal nails for the assembly of millions of homes and small buildings on site.
Definition
balloon framing
Term
The 17,000 almost identical small homes built in post–World War II Levittown, New York, are a reflection of the __________.
Definition
need for mass suburban housing for growing metropolitan areas
Term
The Incan fortress of Machu Picchu is considered to be __________ construction, as it was built without any mortar.
Definition
dry masonry
Term
Which of the following types of ceramics is fired at the lowest temperature?
Definition
earthenware
Term
Glass that has been spun into fine filaments and is used for insulation is known as __________.
Definition
fiberglass
Term
The __________ developed the process of glass blowing and thus made __________ commonplace.
Definition
Romans;glass containers
Term
The __________ process utilizes a series of dye baths and wax applications to create a design on fabric.
Definition
batik
Term
No smoking signage is an excellent example of a clear, utilitarian form of typography known as a __________.
Definition
pictogram
Term
One of the earliest and most famous “fertility” figurines from the Paleolithic period is the __________.
Definition
Venus of Willendorf
Term
Much of ancient Egypt’s art and many of its monuments were, in one way or another, linked to __________.
Definition
death or the worship of the dead
Term
In New Kingdom Egypt, Amenhotep IV started a revolution in both religion and the arts when he changed his name to Akhenaton to honor the sun god and became a __________. The period of his reign is known as the __________.
Definition
monotheist; Amarna period
Term
The ancient Greeks considered themselves to be the center of the universe or “the measure of all things,” a concept known as __________.
Definition
humanism
Term
The circles, squares, patterning, and rigid wedge-shaped torsos depicted on the Dipylon Vase indicate that it is a fine example of the __________ period of Greek art.
Definition
Geometric
Term
The Pantheon’s dome is __________ to lessen the weight of it both physically and visually.
Definition
coffered
Term
Although much Roman art is stylistically derived from Greece, portrait sculptures like Head of a Roman are notable for their incredible __________, made possible by __________.
Definition
realism; wax death masks
Term
Perhaps the most famous surviving tapestry is the 230-foot long Romanesque period Bayeux Tapestry, which describes __________ in a continuous narrative.
Definition
the invasion of England by William the Conqueror
Term
Unlike Romanesque sculpture, Gothic sculptural figures __________.
Definition
are found all over the church exterior
Term
The word __________ is derived from the French and means rebirth.
Definition
Renaissance
Term
Considered a true Renaissance man, __________ excelled in engineering, the natural sciences, anatomy, music, and technological prototypes, not to mention creating some of the world’s best loved paintings.
Definition
Leonardo da Vinci
Term
When Michelangelo was only 27, he carved the 13½-foot statue of David from __________.
Definition
a single piece of almost unworkable marble
Term
Gustave Courbet’s manifesto reads “To record the manners, ideas, and aspects of the age as I myself saw them – to be a man as well as a painter – in short to create a living art – that is my aim.” Courbet is considered the father of __________.
Definition
Realism
Term
Francisco Goya, who was neither Neoclassicist nor Romantic, is best known for his __________, one of the most famous of which is The Third of May, 1808.
Definition
graphic representation of man’s inhumanity to man
Term
The dissolution of surfaces and study of local color was central to __________ art, which is dramatically evident in a series of canvases depicting __________ from a variety of angles, during different times of day and seasons.
Definition
Claude Monet’s; Rouen Cathedral
Term
The Post-Impressionist Georges Seurat’s painting technique is known as __________, which is a meticulous application of pigment that he derived from the study of __________.
Definition
Pointillism; color theories
Term
In his __________, Vincent van Gogh’s vibrant colors, characteristic long, thin strokes and feverish application of paint creates an emotionalism that turns a sleepy town into a cosmic display.
Definition
Starry Night
Term
Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec’s deformity led to an alienation from his family so he instead found a home in __________, as depicted in At the Moulin Rouge.
Definition
the cabarets, cafes, and bordellos of Paris
Term
Auguste Rodin’s The Burghers of Calais is considered a groundbreaking Impressionist sculpture because of its __________.
Definition
intense realism and highly textured surfaces that capture the play of light
Term
Wassily Kandinsky, a major proponent of __________, is recognized as the first painter of __________.
Definition
Der Blaue Reiter; pure abstraction
Term
__________ shut down the Bauhaus in 1933, forcing many of its faculty, including Walter Gropius and Mies van der Rohe, to flee to the United States.
Definition
the Nazis
Term
For his Twittering Machine, Paul Klee was influenced in part by __________.
Definition
ethnographic and children's art
Term
Surrealism began as a literary movement after World War I, and the group based their writings on the nonrational using a technique known as __________ writing.
Definition
automatic
Term
Along with their interest in psychoanalysis, the Surrealists also incorporated some of the attitudes and techniques of the __________ movements.
Definition
Dada and Fantastic art