Shared Flashcard Set

Details

ART 110 Final
Chapters 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, and 12
106
Art History
06/05/2010

Additional Art History Flashcards

 


 

Cards

Term
Support
Definition
surface
Term
Wash
Definition
watered-down paint, or watercolor
Term
Buon Fresco
Definition
painted on damp, lime plaster.. lasts long
Term
Fresco Secco
Definition
painted on dry plaster
Term
Fresco
Definition
painted on plaster, popular in the Renaissance
Term
Vehicle
Definition
binding agent that holds pigment
Term
Encaustic
Definition
pigment in a wax vehicle that is heated to a liquid state;durable, vibrant, retains a hard luster
Term
Tempura
Definition
ground pigments mixed with egg and thinned with water; used in the Middle Ages
Term
Gesso
Definition
powdered chalk, plaster, and animal glue used as a primer
Term
Gilding
Definition
application of thinly hammered sheets of metal to a work
Term
Pigment
Definition
powdered color
Term
Oil
Definition
turpentine medium/thinner
Term
Acrylic
Definition
mixture of pigment, plastic, and water
Term
Hybridity
Definition
mixing of traditions of different cultures to create new blends
Term
Watercolor
Definition
water as a solvent, white does not exist
Term
Gouache
Definition
traditional paint; very opaque
Term
Mixed Media/Collages
Definition
collage started by Picasso
Term
Spray Paint
Definition
legitimate art form?
Term
Silverpoint
Definition
ground bone/chalk, gum, water, and pigment; drag a silver-tipped instrument over paper; cross-hatching
Term
Graphite
Definition
1500s; graphite dust and clay, baked, and encased in wood or paper
Term
Charcoal
Definition
burnt pieces of wood or bone, hard to soft
Term
Chalk and Pastel
Definition
ground chalk mixed with powdered pigments and a binder
Term
Conté crayon
Definition
charcoal, chalk/pastel, and wax; wax makes it less likely to smudge
Term
Papyrus
Definition
Egyptians used ink on this
Term
Fluid Media
Definition
Pen and Wash, Brush and Ink, Brush and Wash, and Pen and Ink
Term
Cartoons
Definition
derived from Italian "cartone" meaning paper
Term
Relief
Definition
raised areas hold ink, carve away what you don't want to show
Term
Intaglio
Definition
incised areas hold ink; ink forced into the grooves
Term
Lithography
Definition
image area holds ink; non-image areas repel ink
Term
Matrix
Definition
working surface
Term
Print
Definition
piece of paper or surface that design is transferred to
Term
Woodcut
Definition
oldest form of printmaking; cut along the grain
Term
Wood engraving
Definition
big/long grooves
Term
Laminated
Definition
thin layers of wood glued together to form a solid surface
Term
Quills
Definition
from birds; originally used with ink
Term
Engraving
Definition
ancient method; clean lines
Term
Drypoint
Definition
needle dragged across a surface, leaving a rough edge or metal burr; creates a soft line
Term
Etching
Definition
minimal pressure used for depth of line; acid eats away at all exposed (no longer covered with resistance) areas
Term
Mezzotint
Definition
"half-tint"; entire plate hatched, lighter areas pushed back down, brightness of white depends on pressure
Term
Aquatint
Definition
acid resistant powdered resin creates a tonal effect
Term
Soft Ground Etching
Definition
ground of softened wax
Term
Serigraphy
Definition
silkscreen printing
Term
Camera Obscura
Definition
darkened box with a pin hole; used to trace objects
Term
Heliography
Definition
Neipce; earliest known permanent photograph; hardened in relation to exposure to light
Term
Daguerreotype
Definition
thin sheet of silver-plated copper;reverses left to right with long exposures and no multiples
Term
Bas-relief
Definition
meant to be seen from one direction and relatively flat
Term
High relief
Definition
form that extends at least halfway from the background
Term
Subtractive Process
Definition
carving unwanted materials away
Term
Additive Process
Definition
modeling, casting, and construction
Term
Carving
Definition
removing unwanted materials away from a hard surface with a sharpened tool
Term
Modeling
Definition
pliable material, like clay or wax, shaped into things
Term
Casting
Definition
liquid metal material poured into a mold to create a form
Term
Lost wax technique
Definition
original made of clay/plaster/wax, make mold of original than fill it with wax
Term
Patina
Definition
metal paint, may happen naturally with rain depending on surface (metal)
Term
Assemblage
Definition
constructed sculpture made from existing materials placed together
Term
Mixed media
Definition
anything brought together
Term
Kinetic sculpture
Definition
mobiles; work that moves
Term
Light sculpture
Definition
reflections; neon tubings, etc.
Term
Land art
Definition
made out of land
Term
Ephemeral art
Definition
environmentally charged art that doesn't last long; changes quickly
Term
Public art
Definition
1% of total building put aside for sculpture
Term
Barrel Vault
Definition
all pressure on downward facing wall
Term
Post and Lintel
Definition
earliest building technique; ex. Stonehendge
Term
Post and Beam
Definition
notches hold top beam in place
Term
Geodesic Dome
Definition
hemispherical forms, forces push outwards; made of small triangular parts
Term
Groin Vault
Definition
barrel vaults at right angles
Term
Pendentive
Definition
used to support a huge dome; triangular shaped supports
Term
Glazing
Definition
finely ground mineral, when applied to clay and heated, creates colors and textures
Term
What are the three levels of iconography?
Definition
1. Factual recognition 2. Understanding of subj. matter 3. Understanding of deeper meaning
Term
What are three categories of site-specific installations discussed in class; and what are their characteristics?
Definition
Physical- physical limitations of actual space, Symbolic- symbolic meaning or history of space, Time&Place- moment in time at a specific space
Term
Gum Arabic
Definition
key ingredient in lithography; used in printing
Term
Stelae
Definition
stone/ wooden slab usually decorated with inscriptions, carvings, and paintings
Term
Vault
Definition
an extended arch
Term
What is conceptual art?
Definition
Idea more important than material concerns
Term
Why has photography lost its status as unquestionable ‘truth’?
Definition
Because of the possibility of manipulation
Term
Site-specific
Definition
art produced for one location; content/meaning are linked to the site
Term
Krzysztof Wodiczko’s work is considered what type of site-specific installation?
Definition
He uses all three; physical, spiritual, and time and place
Term
Armature
Definition
inner skeleton normally made of metal; gives clay additional strength
Term
Contact print
Definition
place negative on a second sheet of light-sensitive paper then expose both to light
Term
Monotype
Definition
draw/paint with oil paint/watercolor on a non-absorbent surface; fine detail added by scratching off paint; paper pressed to surface
Term
Photo silkscreen
Definition
photographic images on screen covered with a light-sensitive gel
Term
Planographic printing
Definition
drawing made with crayon on a flat, stone slab; nitric acid, dampened with water, acts as a fixative; stone covered with oily ink using a roller; paper pressed to stone
Term
Gauffrage
Definition
inkless intaglio
Term
Lift ground
Definition
illusion of brush/ink drawing by brushing a solution of sugar and water onto a resin-coated plate
Term
Graver/Burin
Definition
chisels used to engrave
Term
Sanguine
Definition
an "earthy" red
Term
Umber
Definition
yellowish/reddish/brown; comes from earth containing oxides or manganese and iron
Term
Ocher
Definition
dark yellow; comes from iron oxide in some clays
Term
Binder
Definition
substance that keeps two elements together as a solvent
Term
Monochromatic
Definition
all the colors of a single hue
Term
Linear
Definition
made of lines
Term
Medium
Definition
substance that binds pigment
Term
Ground
Definition
surface on which you paint, usually a coating
Term
Aquarelle
Definition
painting in transparent, rather than opaque, watercolors
Term
Incised
Definition
deeply/sharply cut; engraved
Term
Nib
Definition
the sharpened point of a quill pen
Term
Calligraphy
Definition
India/China Ink
Term
Silkscreen printing
Definition
Serigraphy; stencil-method of print-making
Term
Photosensitive
Definition
measure of reaction to photons, or light
Term
Ready-made
Definition
Duchamp's Fountain
Term
In Giotto’s 14th-century painting Lamentation, joints can clearly be seen that break the blue sky into numerous sections. What caused the breaks?
Definition
Fresco dries quickly and therefore creates visual seams
Term
The advent of the camera replaced the age-old need of art to imitate nature as closely as possible, and this change, in turn, led to what development in 20th century art?
Definition
Modern art, representational more than realistic
Term
The word photography is derived from what Greek root?
Definition
Photos, "to write with light"
Term
Michelangelo’s The Cross-Legged Captive is an example of what method of making sculpture?
Definition
Subtractive
Term
The Simon Rodia Towers in Watts, coated with glass, tile, shells, and dishes, took 33 years to erect. It an example of what technique of art making?
Definition
Mixed Media
Term
Walter de Maria’s The Lightning Field is considered a spectacular example of what type of art?
Definition
Land art