Shared Flashcard Set

Details

ART 109 Exam 3 and 4
exam review
54
Art/Design
04/05/2011

Additional Art/Design Flashcards

 


 

Cards

Term
Baroque period
Definition
17th to early 18th centuries. Originated in Rome in the Catholic Church. Dramatic use of light, bold colors, value contrasts, emotionism, tendency to push into viewer's space and theatricality. Often diagonal.
Term
Rococo
Definition
Popular in Europe from 1700-1775. Emphasized ornate but small-scale decoration; curvilinear forms, pastel colors, playful, lighthearted, romantic; aristocrats being leisurely.
Term
Neoclassicism
Definition
Western movement in painting, sculpture and architecture of the late 18th century and early 19th century; inspired by ancient Greece and Rome. Emphasized order, clarity and restraint.
Term
Romanticism
Definition
movement in western art in the late 19th century, assumed to be in opposition to Neoclassicism. Emphasize intense colors, turbulent emotions, complex composition, soft outlines, and sometimes heroic or exotic subject matter.
Term
Realism
Definition
any art in which the goal is to portray forms in the natural world in a highly faithful manner. From the mid 19th century, and it was thought that everyday people and events are fit subjects for important art.
Term
Impressionism
Definition
originated in France in the 1860s. Portrayed real life, especially leisurely activities of the middle class. Outdoor paintings, so landscape was popular. Favored alla prima painting technique to capture changing natural and urban scene.
Term
Post-impressionism
Definition
French artists from 1885 to 1905. Rejected the relative absence of form characteristic in impression. Vincent Van Gogh, Paul Cezanne, Paul Gaugin, and Georges Seurat.
Term
Fauvism
Definition
Short-lived, but influential art movement in France in the early 20th century that emphasized bold, arbitrary, expressive color.
Term
Expressionism
Definition
art movement in the early 20th century, especially prevalent in Germany, which claimed the right to distort visual appearances to express psychological or emotional states, especially the artist's own personal feelings.
Term
Die Brucke - "The Bridge"
Definition
Impressionist group founded in 1905. The bridge these artists had in mind was one they would build through their art to a better, enlightened future.
Term
Der Blaue Reiters - "The Blue Rider"
Definition
expressionist group formed in 1911 by Russian painter Wassily Kandinsky
Term
Cubism
Definition
movement developed during the early 20th century by Pablo Picasso and Georges Braque. Abstracted the forms of the visual world into fragments drawn from multiple points of view, then constructed an image from which had its own internal logic. Limited color palette, short & distinct brush strokes.
Term
Futurism
Definition
art movement founded in Italy in 1909 and lasting only a few years. Concentrated on dynamic quality of modern technological life, emphasizing speed and movement.
Term
Dada
Definition
Emerged during WWI (1914-18). Society was seen as gone mad, so this movement refused to make sense. Created anti-art that emphasized absurdity, irrationality, whimsy and childishness.
Term
Surrealism
Definition
movement in the early 20th century that emphasized imagery from dreams and fantasies.
Term
De Stijl
Definition
European art movement touched by constructivist ideas. Vertical and horizontal lines, and the primary colors.
Term
The New York School
Definition
painters associated with the first major postwar art movement. Abstract impressionsists like Jackson Pollock and Willem de Kooning. Influenced by surrealism. Emphasized scale.
Term
Pop Art
Definition
Style of the 1960s, deriving its imagery from popular, mass-produced culture. Deliberately mundane, focused on overfamilar objects of daily life.
Term
Minimal art
Definition
1960s and 1970s movement toward simple, primary forms. Favor industrial materials, and sculptures tended to be to be attached to the floor rather than on a pedestal.
Term
Conceptual art
Definition
created according to the belief that the essence of art resides in a motivating idea, and that the physical aspect of the art is secondary. Arose in the 1960s and tried to move away from objects that could bought and sold.
Term
Feminism
Definition
Originally formed around equal rights and pay. Images are powerful and persuasive.
Term
Color Field painting
Definition
Features broad fields of color. Arose in the 1950s after abstract impressionism.
Term
Action painting
Definition
Physical act of applying paint to a support in bold, spontaneous gestures supplies the excessive content. First used to describe the work of certain Abstract Expressionism painters.
Term
contour
Definition
boundaries we perceive of 3D forms
Term
Cross contour
Definition
parallel lines that curve over an object's surface in a vertical or horizontal manner and reveal the item's surface characteristics
Term
Shape
Definition
2D form, occupies area with identifiable boundaries
Term
Mass
Definition
3D form, occupies a volume of space
Term
Value
Definition
shades of lights and darks created with hatching, cross-hatching and stippling
Term
red, yellow, blue
Definition
primary colors
Term
orange, green, violet
Definition
secondary colors
Term
mixing primary and secondary colors
Definition
tertiary
Term
Implied line
Definition
dotted line, where dots are so close together that our mind connects them
Term
Spiral Jetty, 1970
Definition
famous earthwork by Robert Smithson
Term
Abstract
Definition
forms of the visible world are purposefully simplified
Term
Representational
Definition
descriptive of a work that depicts forms int he natural world
Term
Non-representational
Definition
does not represent the visible world itself
Term
Glazing
Definition
thin, translucent layer of color, generally applied over another color
Term
Impasto
Definition
Italian for "paste"; thick application of paint
Term
Pigment
Definition
coloring material made from various organic or chemical substances. Mixes with a binder to create a drawing or painting medium.
Term
Encaustic
Definition
painting medium in which the binder is wax, which is headed to render paint's fluid
Term
Tempera
Definition
pigment is compounded with an aqueous vehicle (i.e. egg yolk)
Term
Videography
Definition
Human form in motion invented by Muybridge
Term
Frottage
Definition
rubbing a piece of paper on a rough surface such as wood or stone to capture the texture for use in artworks
Term
Daguerreotype - Louis Jacques, 1839
Definition
First type of photograph ever, and who invented it
Term
Vincent Van Gogh, George Seurat, Paul Gaugin, Paul Cezanne
Definition
four post-impressionists
Term
Sigmund Freud
Definition
20th century psychologist that influenced surrealism
Term
Avant garde
Definition
new and unusual experimental ideas
Term
Zone system
Definition
way to determine proper exposure and adjust the contrast of the final print
Term
Ansel Adams
Definition
Who invented the Zone system?
Term
Polychrome
Definition
composed of many colors
Term
Mimbres
Definition
ceramic vessles; jars; bowls
Term
Michelangelo
Definition
Who painted the Sistine Chapel?
Term
Kiva
Definition
large, round chambers, underground or roofed; used for religious purposes
Term
Dreamtime
Definition
when the world was created by ancestors