Shared Flashcard Set

Details

Army E-5 Promotion Board
Army Study Guide
44
Other
02/16/2009

Additional Other Flashcards

 


 

Cards

Term

What date was the Army flag dedicated?

Definition

14 June 1956 (it was approved 12 June 1956)

Term
What is the oldest part of our Army?
Definition

The Army National Guard

(In December 1636, the Massachusetts Bay Colony organized America's first militia regiments, some of which still serve today in the Army National Guard.)

Term
When did the U.S. Army begin?
Definition
June 14, 1775
Term
Who was the first commander in Chief of the Continental Army?
Definition
George Washington
Term
When was the start of the Revolutionary War?
Definition
19 April 1775
Term
When was the declaration of Independence signed?
Definition
July 04, 1776
Term
The Army received it's first real training from what former Prussian Officer at Valley Forge in the winter of 1778?
Definition
Baron Fredreich von Steuben
Term
What did Baron Fredreich von Steuben teach the Continental Army at Valley Forge?
Definition

He taught the Continental Army:

  • A simplified but effective version of the drill formations and movements of European armies.
  • Proper care of equipment.
  • The use of the bayonet (a weapon in which British superiority had previously been marked).
  • He impressed upon officers their responsibility for taking care of the soldiers.
  • Taught NCOs how to train and lead those soldiers.
Term
On what date did the Revolutionary War officially end with a signing of a peace treaty in Paris?
Definition
03 September 1783
Term
What is the name of the document that originally governed the United States and was later replaced by the "Constitution"?
Definition
The Articles of Confederation
Term
The nation nearly doubled in 1803 when it purchased a huge expanse of teritory from France in what became know as what?
Definition
The Louisiana Purchase
Term
Who was one of the most prolific writers of the early 19th century and would be the author of "The Army Regulations of 1821", the first written regulation by the Army since the publication of Baron von Steubens "Blue Book"?
Definition
General Winfield Scott
Term
What were some of the areas covered in "The Army Regulations of 1821".
Definition
  • The Hand Salute
  • How to conduct a march
  • How to make a good stew for the company
Term
What is the bloodiest war in American history?
Definition
The Civil War with the death of over 600,000 Americans on both sides.
Term
When and where did the Civil War actually begin?
Definition
The Civil War began in April of 1861 when South Carolina militia forces fired on Fort Sumter in Charleston Harbor.
Term
The Union defeat at the First Battle of Bull Run showed the need for more what?
Definition
More thorough preparation and for more soldiers.
Term
President Lincoln's Emancipation Proclamation on 22 September 1862 freed the slaves in any areas still under Confederate control as of what date?
Definition
01 January 1863
Term
Congress authorized the creation of the Medal of Honor on what date?
Definition
12 July 1862
Term
Who received the first Medal of Honor ever awarded?
Definition
Private Jacob Parrott, Coompany K, 33rd Ohio Volunteer Infantry on 25 March 1863
Term
The Battle of Gettysburg started on what date?
Definition
01 July 1863
Term
General Lee surrendered his Army on what date, marking the end of the Civil War?
Definition
09 April, 1865
Term
Who was the only female to receive the Medal of Honor?
Definition
Dr. Mary E. Walker
Term
Congress declared war on Spain on what date?
Definition
25 April, 1898
Term
When did World War I begin?
Definition
August 1914
Term
What event sparked the start of World War I?
Definition
A Bosnian separatist murdered the Archduke Francis Ferdinand of Austria-Hungary and his wife during a visit to Sarajevo.
Term
On 23 February 1917 the British turned over to the US Government an intercepted note from the German foreign minister to the German amabassador in Mexico.  In the note were instructions to offer Mexico an alliance in the event of war with the United States and promising that Mexico could regain what?
Definition
Texas, New Mexico and Arizona
Term
On what date did President Wilson ask Congress to declare war on Germany?
Definition
02 April, 1917
Term
The Armistice ended the fighting at the 11th hour of the 11th day of the 11th month of 1918.  Known for many years as Armistice Day, what is it now called in the United States?
Definition
Veterans's Day
Term
One result of WWI was the creation of what International body roughly similar to the United Nations of today?
Definition
The League of Nations (it was envisioned as a forum where disputes could be settled peacefully)
Term
National Defense Act of June 4, 1920 governed the organization and regulation of what until 1950?
Definition
The Army
Term
On what date did the Japanese attack Pearl Harbor?
Definition
07 December 1941
Term
The Women's Army Corps was created in what year?
Definition
1943
Term
When was D Day?
Definition
06 June 1944
Term
Just after dawn on D Day, the 1st, 4th, and 29th Infantry Divisions assaulted what beaches?
Definition
Utah and Omaha
Term
President Truman authorized the use of two atomic bombs against Japan, destroying Hiroshima and Nagasaki on what dates?
Definition

Hiroshima - 06 August 1945

Nagasaki - 09 August 1945

Term
The National Security Act of 1947 was a sweeping reorganization of the US military.  What did it establish?
Definition
  • Department of Defense
  • Army
  • Navy
  • Air Force
Term
What year marked the year of the Korean War?
Definition
1950
Term
In early of what year did President Johnson begin a process of escalation that put 184,000 American troops in South Vietnam by year's end?
Definition
1965
Term
What is the longest war in U.S. History?
Definition
The Vietnam War
Term

After a U.S. Marine was shot in 1989 in Panama, what Operation was launched?

Definition
Operation Just Cause
Term
General H. Norman Schwarzkopf and his Saudi counterpart sent their multinational ground forces across the border into Iraq inlate February of what year?
Definition
1991
Term
On what date did the United States enormous support from the global community, respond to the attacks on September 11th, 2001 with attacks on the al-Qaeda network and the Taliban-controlled government of Afghanistan that was supporting it?
Definition
07 October, 2001
Term
With a coalition that included Great Britain, Australia, Poland and 44 other nations, the United States began offensive military operations to remove Saddam Hussein from power and liberate Iraq on what date?
Definition
20 March 2003
Term
When was Saddam Husein captured?
Definition
13 December 2003