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APUSH Unit 3 Test
Cleveland High School Reseda, CA APUSH Saavedra Unit 3 Pre-Test
107
History
11/28/2011

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Term
When President Andrew Johnson removed secretary of war Edwin M. Stanton without the approval of the senate, contrary to the terms of the recently passed Tenure of Office Act, he...
Definition
was impeached and came within one vote of being removed from office.
Term
The Wilmot Proviso stipulated that...
Definition
slavery should be prohibited in the lands acquired as a result of the Mexican War.
Term
The Compromise of 1850...
Definition
- it provided for the admission of California to the Union as a free state
- it included a tougher fugitive slave law
- it stipulated that land in dispute between the state of Texas and the territory of New Mexico should be ceded to New Mexico
- ended the slave trade in the District of Columbia
Term
By the Compromise of 1877 the Democrats agreed to allow the Republican candidate to become president in exchange for...
Definition
an end to reconstruction
Term
In his famous "Freeport Doctrine" set forth in his debate with Abraham Lincoln at Freeport, Illinois, Stephan A. Douglas stated that...
Definition
any territory desiring to exclude slavery could do so simply by declining to pass laws protecting it
Term
Andrew Jackson was impeaching and nearly removed from office on the grounds of his...
Definition
violation of the Tenure of Office Act in removing secretary of war Edwin M. Stanton
Term
Abraham Lincoln took the Union into war against the Confederate states of American with the stated purpose of...
Definition
preserving the union
Term
The overall strategic policy of the Union to destroy the Confederacy through a combination of constant pressure and slowly wearing down the South's ability to wage war was called...
Definition
the anaconda plan
Term
The 14th Amendment to the Constitution was important because it...
Definition
guaranteed equal protection under the law for every American citizen
Term
The correct chronological order to illustrate a cause and effect relationship among the events leading to the civil war...
Definition
1) Kansas- Nebraska Act
2) Dred Scott Decision
3) Lincoln- Douglas Debates
4) Election of Lincoln
5) South Carolina Secedes
Term
The factor that came closest to giving the confederacy what could have been a decisive foreign policy success during the civil war...
Definition
the U.S. Navy's seizure of Confederate emissaries James M. Mason and John Slidell from the British mail steamer Trent
Term
In speaking of "redemption" in a political sense, white southerners of the Reconstruction era had reference to...
Definition
ridding the south of the reconstruction governments
Term
The Compromise of 1877...
Definition
brought an end to congressional reconstruction
Term
The main issue of the 1850's Free-Soil party was that...
Definition
the federal government should permit no further spread of slavery in the territories
Term
The primary underlying reason that reconstruction ended in 1877 was that...
Definition
Northern voters had grown weary of the effort to reconstruct the south and generally lost interest
Term
The key event that guaranteed Lincoln's re-election in 1864 was...
Definition
the fall of Atlanta to General Sherman
Term
Organizations such as the Ku Klux Klan were organized in a number of southern states after the Civil War for the purpose of...
Definition
preventing the former slaves from voting
Term
The compromise of 1877 resulted in...
Definition
the ascension of Republican Rutherford B. Hays to the presidency in return for assurance that what was left of reconstruction in the south would be ended
Term
The Dred Scott case was notable because...
Definition
denied the rights of citizenship to former slaves and prohibited congress from enacting restrictions against slavery in the Western territories
Term
In the election of 1844...
Definition
Polk won a large selection mandate from Manifest Destiny
Term
During the 1850's tobacco was grown primarily in the...
Definition
upper south states such as Virginia and Kentucky
Term
Name 4 true facts about Uncle Tom's Cabin...
Definition
1. It was written by a talented woman
2. it originated a common phrase used in black- white relations, "Uncle Tom"
3. It is a story of living conditions under slavery
4. It was an important element in creating anti-slavery feeling in the north
Term
The Kansas-Nebraska Act of 1854 created a firestorm of opposition because it...
Definition
allowed slavery north of the line agreed upon in the Missouri Compromise, effectively repeating it
Term
Improvements in America's transportation system during the 1850's were primarily the result of...
Definition
the expansion of the rail road network
Term
John Brown's raid on the federal arsenal at Harper's Ferry and his subsequent trial and execution had the effect of...
Definition
making a martyr of John Brown and convincing many southerners that secession from the Union the only way they could prevent the increasingly abolitionist North from interfering with slavery in the south
Term
In speaking of "scalawags" white southerners of the reconstruction era had reference to...
Definition
southerners who supported or participated in the reconstruction regimes
Term
In response to southern intransigence in the face of President Andrew Johnson's mild reconstruction plan, name 4 things congress did.
Definition
1. exclude southern representatives and senators from participating in congress
2. pass the civil rights act of 1866
3. approve and send on the the wind states the fourteenth amendment
4. divide the south into five districts to be rule by military governors with almost dictatorial powers
Term
Lincoln won the 1860 presidential election primarily because...
Definition
he gathered overwhelming support in the highly populated Northern states while his 3 opponents divided the anti- Lincoln vote in the North, West and South
Term
The Wilmot Proviso was most likely to be supported by...
Definition
free-soilers
Term
The demise of the Whig Party and the Rise of the Republican Party Resulted primarily from...
Definition
the Kansas- Nebraska Act
Term
Lincoln's ten percent plan...
Definition
provided for the restoration of loyal governments for the erstwhile confederate states now under Union control.
Term
The battle that is considered to be the "turning point" of the civil war and the last chance at a military victory by the confederacy is...
Definition
Gettysburg
Term
The term "Seward's folly" referred to secretary of state William Seward's...
Definition
negotiation of the purchase of Alaska from Russia
Term
The Kansas-Nebraska Act...
Definition
it lead directly to the republican party
Term
The compromise of 1850 had the effect of...
Definition
positioning and evading rather than resolving, the problems related to slavery in American Territories west of the Mississippi
Term
The principle of "popular sovereignty" was...
Definition
a central feature of the Kansas-Nebraska Act
Term
Name 4 effects of the establishment of transcontinental ail lines and the construction of America's massive rail network...
Definition
1. They allowed for rapid distribution of goods throughout the country
2. their building spurred a series of important technical advances
3. they made the country smaller in the sense that they dramatically reduced the time needed to traverse the continent
4. they resulted in the establishment of standardized time zones throughout the country
Term
Secretary of state William Seward's purchase of Alaska from the Russians in 1867 was based primarily on...
Definition
his realization that fishing rights in Alaskan waters would be a boom to American fishermen
Term
The battle between the Monitor and the Merrimack was important because...
Definition
it signaled the end of the wooden warship as the ultimate vessel and marked the beginning of the age of iron/ steel warships
Term
In general, state governments in the south during reconstruction...
Definition
accomplished some notable achievements, and were comparable in their effectiveness to the pre- civil war government that preceded them
Term
In the 60 years after the constitutional convention, compromise over questions relating to slavery had been possible because of the...
Definition
existence of a two-party system with inter sectional membership
Term
Name 3 arguments made by the supported of "free soil" in the territories...
Definition
1. Slavery was a moral evil and should not be extended
2. Northern white farmers could not compete with large-scale labor
3. the growing slave power of the south had to be retrained
Term
According to South Carolina Senator John C. Calhoun. Congress lacked the power to...
Definition
exclude slavery from the terriroties
Term
The material assets of the North during the civil war...
Definition
became effective only in the long run
Term
Name 3 potential advantages in the civil war that the southern expectations are met...
Definition
1. skilled military leadership
2. effective fighting sources
3. defensive position and tactics
Term
To secure Maryland for the union, Lincoln...
Definition
arrested and detained Southern sympathizers
Term
In February, 1861, the original seceding states created a provisional government...
Definition
emphasizing the sovereignty of the states
Term
For his cabinet, Lincoln selected...
Definition
important republicans from different factions of the party
Term
Lincoln's early actions as president indicated that he intended to...
Definition
take responsibility for running his own administration
Term
According to the doctrine of "popular sovereignty"the decision whether to permit slavery in a territory would be made by the...
Definition
local territorial legislature
Term
Name 3 factors that contributed to Zachary Taylor's victoy in the election of 1848...
Definition
1. successful evasion of the controversial slavery issue
2. heroic military exploits during the Mexican War
3. Democratic defections to the Free Soil party
Term
The provisions of the compromise of 1850...
Definition
upset the balance between free the slave and free states in the Union
Term
Northerners were offended by the provision of the Fugitive Slave Act which...
Definition
designated a higher fee for commissioners deciding to return rather than free a fugitive
Term
As a consequence of the Compromise of 1850...
Definition
political parties realigned along sectional lines
Term
During the early 1850's political parties lost influence because of the...
Definition
standardization of various state political and economic procedures
Term
The election of 1852 was characterized by...
Definition
voter apathy and lackluster campaigns
Term
Harboring presidential ambitions, Stephan Douglas hoped to win the support of Southern Democrats by recommending that the Kansas & Nebraska territories...
Definition
organize on the basis of popular sovereignty
Term
Members of the American party feared Catholic immigrants of the 1840's and 1850's would...
Definition
pay higher loyalty to the pope than to the president
Term
Name 3 developments of the early 1850's seemed evidence of an aggressive,
Definition
1. writing of the ostend manifesto
2. negotiation of the Gadsen purchase
3. passage of the Kansas- Nebraska Act
Term
The majority of Republicans in the 1850s supported a government policy to...
Definition
prevent the expansion of slavery in the territories
Term
The election of a pro-slavery territorial legislature in Kansas in 1855...
Definition
resulted from whole sale election fraud
Term
Radical abolitionist John Brown...
Definition
led a massacre at Pottawatomie creek
Term
Name 3 things that the Republican party appealed to Northerners by its support of...
Definition
1. policies favoring industrial growth and development
2. the rights of free labor
3. public education and temperance laws
Term
In the Dred Scott case, the supreme court ruled that...
Definition
congress could not ban slavery in a territory
Term
The Dred Scott decisions by supreme court...
Definition
represented the first nullification of a major act of congress
Term
The rejection of Lecompton Constitution in 1858 meant that...
Definition
Kansas would remain a territory
Term
The Kansas-Nebraska Act of 1854...
Definition
reopened the question of slavery in the territories
Term
During the 1850s, William Walker was unsuccessful in his attempts to...
Definition
capture and control new slave lands in Latin America
Term
Abraham Lincoln believed that...
Definition
slavery should be placed on a course of ultimate extinction
Term
In the Freeport debate against Lincoln, Stephen argued that slavery...
Definition
could not exist without favorable local legislation
Term
In his raid on Harpers Ferry, Virginia, John Brown intended to...
Definition
provoke a general uprising of slaves
Term
Northerners responded to John Brown's raid on Harpers Ferry and his subsequent trial with...
Definition
outpourings of admiration and sympathy
Term
Name 3 Republican plat forms of 1860 that were supported by Republicans...
Definition
1. tariff protection
2. subsidized internal improvements
3. a homestead bill
Term
For the election of 1860, the Democrats...
Definition
named 2 candidates in 2 separate conventions
Term
South Carolina seceded from the Union in the late 1860s in reaction to the...
Definition
election of a republican candidate as president
Term
Following the secession of the Deep South in the winter of 1860-1861 most northerners...
Definition
anxiously waited to see what president-elect Lincoln would do
Term
In response to the crisis at Fort Sumter, Abraham Lincoln...
Definition
sent a relief expedition of provisions only
Term
In response to Fort Sumter...
Definition
both North and South witnessed a tremendous outpouring of support
Term
The Ostend Manifesto, a document intended to pressure Spain to sell Cuba to the United States was...
Definition
urged mostly by those who advocated the expansion of slavery
Term
Jefferson Davis was observed by his contemporaries as to...
Definition
preoccupied with details
Term
The use of French military historian Henri Jomini's theories by Civil War officers...
Definition
produced a ghastly crop of dead men
Term
During the early years of the war in the East...
Definition
a stalemate developed as decisive victory eluded both sides
Term
Placed in command of the Union armies in 1861, General George McClellan...
Definition
wished to won the war "by maneuvering rather than fighting"
Term
The casualties for the battle at Shiloh church were enormous because of the...
Definition
insufficient care of wounds on the battlefield
Term
During the early years of the Civil War, the northern navy concentrated on...
Definition
gaining footholds along the Southern coast for a blockade
Term
Southerners thought that European nations would recognize and support the confederacy because of the Europeans'
Definition
dependence upon Southern cotton
Term
in contrast to the North, the South relied more heavily on the...
Definition
use of conscription to maintain their armed forces
Term
Th largest civil disturbance of the nineteenth century occurred in New York City in early July, 1863, as...
Definition
workers opposed to the draft and rioted for 3 days
Term
The New York City draft riots of 1863...
Definition
exposed the racial and class antagonisms of Northern society
Term
The Emancipation Proclamation was issued by Abraham Lincoln; name 3 reasons...
Definition
1. need to prepare northern whites for the eventuality of emancipation
2. diplomatic concern of favorable foreign impressions of the North
3. implicit appeal to slaves to subvert the Southern war effort
Term
The Emancipation Proclamation freed slaves in...
Definition
unconquered parts of the confederacy
Term
At the battle of Gettysburg, General Robert E. Lee...
Definition
suffered losses so heavy that he could never mount another southern offensive
Term
As commander of the union armies, General Ulysses S. Grant recommended a...
Definition
grim campaign of annihilation, using the North's superior might to destroy southern armies and resources
Term
Abraham Lincoln extended presidential powers during the civil war, name 3 ways
Definition
1. suspension of habeas corpus for southern sympathizers
2. removal of army generals
3. curtailment of freedom of the press
Term
The Civil War transformed race relations in the South as...
Definition
blacks proved increasingly unwilling to play a subservient role
Term
For American women, the Civil War...
Definition
provided opportunities for government service
Term
In the election of 1864, Democratic candidate George McClellan...
Definition
proclaimed the war was a failure and demanded an armistice with the South
Term
Name 3 factors that contributed to the victory of the North in the Civil War...
Definition
1. the south failed to meet production needs
2. Southern political beliefs undermined united efforts
3. Southern transportation systems proved woefully inadequate
Term
In contrast to other wars involving American Soldiers, the Civil War...
Definition
proved most deadly in terms of American lives
Term
During the Civil War, the Republicans passed legislation to...
Definition
provide farmers access to the public domain
Term
"After Sumter, he swiftly called up the state militias, expanded the navy, and suspended habeas corpus." Habeas corpus refers to the legal procedure to...
Definition
release a person from unlawful restraint
Term
"Despite the Sacrosanct notion of states' rights, the Confederate congress passed the first conscription act in American history in March 1862" A sacrosanct notion would be one that is...
Definition
regarded as sacred and inviolable
Term
"Commanding considerable resources of patronage, Lincoln was able to line up... officials behind his party and administration" Patronage refers to...
Definition
governmental favors
Term
In trying to establish a policy for reconstruction of the South after the Civil War...
Definition
a conflict arose between congress and the president about with had authority in the matter
Term
In 1865 at the end of the Civil War, Democratic party...
Definition
was in shambles organizationally
Term
In 1865 at the end of the Civil War, the Southern states..
Definition
contrasted starkly with the economic prosperity of the northern states
Term
At the end of the Civil War, emancipated blacks...
Definition
often changed their manners toward whites to demonstrate their freedom