Shared Flashcard Set

Details

AP US History
2
25
History
11/16/2011

Additional History Flashcards

 


 

Cards

Term
According to Faragher, what were the three attitudes of the Progressives?
Definition
1. Anger towards industrial capitalism and urban cities
2. Social cohension
3. Need to improve conditions by citizens intervening politically 
Term
Who were the Muckrakers? How did the Muckrakers get their name?
Definition
They were investigative journalists who dug up "dirty" information about businesses.
Term
What Western measures weakened the political parties?
Definition
1. Initiative
2. Referedum
3. Recall 
Term
What were La Follette's accomplishments?
Definition

1. Improved the Civil Service Code
2. Direct Primary

3. Tougher corporate tax rates 

Term
Explain the series of events surrounding the US construction and control of the Panama Canal.
Definition
1880s: British, French and American made plans for the canal's construction
1903: Panama revolt plot against Colombia
Nov. 1903: Panama independence, except US was granted sovereignty in perpetuity for canal zone 
 
Term
What was "dollar diplomacy" and the divergent economic impact that resulted?
Definition
Active intervention for more US security. Closing Open Door in China/destroying the US relations with Japan resulted from this.
Term
What was the spark of WWI?
Definition
June 1941: Archduke Franz Ferdinand assassinated by Serbs
July 1941: Austria declared war on Serbia, with back up from Germany
Term
What was the original U.S stance on the war? 
Definition
Was "neutral" but traded with Britain and France.
Term
What were four reasons why the US entered the war?
Definition
1. Arthur Zimmermann's [German Foreign Secretary] secret note to ambassador of Mexico
2. German U-boat attacks
3. Luistania
4. Investments in allies 
Term
What was the Espionage Act?
Definition
A government tool for the suppression of antiwar sentiment. It targeted anyone gulity of aiding the "enemy".
Term
What was the Fourteen Points about?
Definition
It was a speech made by Woodrow Wilson. He said that the Great War was fought for post-war peace in Europe.
Term
How did the widespread use of automobiles change American society in the 1920s?
Definition
1. US dominated world market
2. Segregated society
3. Simulated spending for better roads
4. Housing boom in the suburbs
5. Courtship practices
6. Easier travel 
Term
What beliefs did Harding and Coolidge share?
Definition
Both were apart of the Republican party and wanted lower taxes [because they were pro-business]. They agreed on federal spending and a budget.
Term
What were the push and pull factors of the Mexicans?
Definition
Push: Political instability and economic hardships after the 1911 Mexican Revolution
Pull: Agricultural expansion in the Southwest US, which meant JOBS 
Term
How did immigration issues effect legislation?
Definition
The Immigration Act was enacted due to the high number of new immigrants. It put a maximum on the number of immigrants per year. Didn't work, Mexicans always avoided border crossings.
Term
What was the issue of immigration?
Definition
There were too many immigrants coming into the US. Southern and Eastern Europe, Mexicans, etc.
Term
What was the Harlem Renaissance? Who were some of the main contributors?
Definition
A new African American cultural awareness that flourised in the arts.
Poets: Langston Hughes
Novelists: Zora Neale Hurston
 
Term
What were the issues in the election of 1928?
Definition
1. Ethnic and cultural differences
2. Religion
3. Prohibition vs. legal drinking
4. Rural vs. urban
5. Traditional vs. new media 
Term
What were the underlying causes of the Great Depression?
Definition
1. Inflated stock prices
2. Overproduction
3. Buying on margin
Term
What were the consequences for ordinary Americans?
Definition
High umployment, in 1933, 1/4 of US laborers were without jobs. 
Term
How did Hoover attempt to deal with the crisis?
Definition
He enlisted few porgrams (The President's Emergency Committee for Unemployment), but most were just to make the depression seem less problematic then it truly was. Most of these programs failed. He basically did nothing to help.
Term
What was the Roosevelt Rcession of 1938?
Definition
The unemployed went from "only" 14% to 20%. Farm prices went from "improved" to plummeting. Stock market was getting better, then crashed in August 1937. Meaning, he helped, but it all went back again.
Term
What was the reaction to the Roosevelt Recession?
Definition
Fair Labor Standards Act, 1938:
1. Set federal minimum wage to 25 cents
2. 44 hours/week
It's significance is that it ended the New Deal. 
Term
What were two positives of the New Deal?
Definition
It benefited the arts by created Federal Projects (Writer's, Theater, and Music). It employed thousands of artists and improved the US perspective on arts.
The Social Security Act helped Americans receive compensation for their work when they're ready to retire (or are in grave need of money.) 
Term
Definition