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AP Gov. Chapter 1 Guide
Introduction
16
Political Studies
08/21/2010

Additional Political Studies Flashcards

 


 

Cards

Term
Reasons younger citizens are apathetic(not interested) in public affair and politics
Definition
.They feel they can't make a difference
.the political system is corrupt
.they just don't care
Term
Government
Definition
the institutions that make authoritative decisions for any given society
Term
Two main question about governing
Definition
.How should we govern?
.What should we do?
Term
Five main functions that all governments perform
Definition
.Maintain a national defense
.Provide public services
.Preserve order
.Socialize the young
.Collect taxes
Term
Explanation of a national defense
Definition
A government protects its national sovereignty, usually by maintaining armed forces
Term
Example of Preserve Order
Definition
When people protest in large numbers, government ma result to extreme measures to restore order.
Term
Example of Socializing the Young
Definition
Most modern governments pay for education and use it in still national values among the young
Term
Politics
Definition
determines who we select as our government leaders and what policies these leaders pursue
Term
Political Participation
Definition
involvement in politics
Term
Public goods
Definition
good, such as clean air and clean water, that everyone must share
Term
Single issue groups
Definition
Groups that have narrow interest, tend to dislike compromise, and often draw membership from people new to politics
Term
Six Steps of the Policy Making System
Definition
.People- interest, problems, conserns

.Linkage institutions- parties, elections, media, interest groups

.Policy agenda- political issues

.Policymaking institutions- legislature, executive, courts, bureaucracy

.Policy- expenditures, taxes, laws, regulations, nondecision

.People- impacts of policies
Term
Policy agenda
Definition
the issues that attract the serious attentioon of public officals and other people actually involved in politics at any given point in time
Term
Political issue
Definition
an issue that arises when people disagree about a problem and how to fix it
Term
Policymaking institutions
Definition
The branches of government charged with action on political issues.
ex. The U.S constituiton established three policy making instituitons- the congress, the presidency, and the courts.


Term
Public Policy
Definition
a choice that government make in response to a political issue