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AP BIO MIDTERM
pg 17-20
27
Biology
12/14/2008

Additional Biology Flashcards

 


 

Cards

Term
The overall equation for the cellular respiration of glucose is:
D – C6H12O6 + 6O2 ‡ 6CO2 + 6 H2O + ENERGY
Definition

Term

C – training usually converts one type of muscle fiber to the other. is a ____statement
Definition
false
Term
ATP-mediated phosphorylation is a fancy term for

Definition
C – active diffusion
Term
The fluid mosaic model describes the plasma membrane as consisting of individual proteins that can drift freely in a _____


Definition
E –  a phospholipids bilayer
Term
An enzyme may be inactivated if its active site is blocked by a competing____
Definition
B – inhibitor
Term
Which of the following terms best describes the reaction below? A + B + energy ‡ energy

Definition
A – endergonic
Term
A cellular secretion can be discharged by means of a versicle that fuses with plasma membrane. This process is

Definition
B – pinocytosis
Term
Once the temperature reaches a critical point, enzyme activity decreases suddenly. This is due to


Definition
C – denaturation of the enzyme
Term
Which of the following is thought to be a descendant of engulfed ancient bacteria?
Definition

D – mitochondria
Term
A red blood cell will lyse when placed in which of the following kinds of solution?

Definition
A – hypotonic
Term
According to the law of thermodynamics, all of the following are true eXCEPT!
Definition
C – our world is decreasing in entropy
Term
Function of enzymes do not add ____ for reactants to absorb
Definition
energy
Term
_____ change shape of the enzyme
Definition
noncompetitive inhibitors
Term
____ is the act of white blood cells engulfing bacterium is
Definition
phagocytosis
Term
Place of evidence that would prove that a substance enters a cell by active rather than passive transport is that ______ is needed for transport to occur
Definition
breakdown of ATP
Term
When 2 aqueous solutions differ in solute concentrations are placed on either side of a semi permeable membrane and osmoisis is allowed to take place, H20 will
Definition
exhibit a net movement to the side with the lower H20 concentration.
Term
______ reactions starts with reactants with High potential energy
Definition
exergonic
Term
ATP is a good molecule for energy coupling b/c the ________
Definition
2nd and 3rd groups are unstable
Term
Biological membranes are normally permeable to ____  and ____
Definition
small and hydrophobic
Term
____ is when open channels in adjacent plasma membrane of animal cells through which small molecules can pass b/t neighboring cells
Definition
communicating junction.
Term
____ is the site of protein synthesis
Definition
ribosome
Term
____ is an organelle where cellular digestion and disposal of biological molecules occur inside.
Definition
lysosome
Term
This organelle contains packaging of secretory proteins
Definition
endoplasmic reticulum
Term
____ is an organelle where sugar metabolism occurs
Definition
mitochondria
Term
Organelle is involved in lipid production and protein  TRANSPORT
Definition
golgi body
Term
A single-celled fresh water organism is transferred to salt water. What will happen?
Definition
cell shrinks
Term
Cell placed om hypotonic solution will _____
Definition
swell