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Anatomy & Phsyiology Lecture Test #4
Urinary + Nervous System + Some Reproduction
60
Veterinary Medicine
05/11/2010

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Term
A decrease below normal levels of oxygen in air, blood, or tissue.
Definition
Hypoxia
Term
A substance produced by the kidney which stimulates the production of red blood cells from the bones marrow
Definition
Erythropoietin
Term
Term meaning just outside of the peritoneal cavitiy.
Definition
Retroperitoneal
Term
The outer zone of an organ (i.e. kidney)
Definition
Cortex
Term
The inner zone of an organ.
Definition
Medulla
Term
The central area of the kidney where the urinary ducts come together to form the ureters.
Definition
Renal Pelvis
Term
Tube that empties the urinary bladder.
Definition
Urethra
Term
Term for expulsion of urine from the bladder.
Definition
Micturition
Term
Functional unit of the kidney
Definition
Nephron Unit
Term
Rich capillary bed within Bowman's capsule
Definition
Glomerulus
Term
Also called the renal corpuscle.
Definition
Malpighian Corpuscle
Term
Cells surrounding the arteriole within the renal corpuscle that produce the hormone _________ secreted into the blood when the blood pressure in the afferent arterioles falls.
Definition
Juxtra Juxtaglomerular
Term
Longest and most winding portion of the nephron which reabsorbs most of the constituents of the glomerular filtrate.
Definition
Proximal convoluted tubule
Term
U-shaped tubule that contains the most concentrated fluid in the nephron
Definition
Henle's loop
Term
Mechanism occurs in this U-shaped tubule because fluid moves in opposite directions in the two limbs of the loop
Definition
Counter current
Term
Hormone produced in the hypothalamus which acts on the collecting ducts increasing the reabsorption of water
Definition
Antidiuretic hormone bast
Term
Most commonly used index of renal function.
Definition
BUN - Blood Urea Nitrogen
Term
Principle excretory product in the avian species
Definition
Uric Acid
Term
The basic unit of the nervous system.
Definition
Neuron
Term
Depolarization of the membrane of a nerve cell occurs by the rapid influx of
Definition
Sodium
Term
Carry nerve impulses toward the cell body.
Definition
Dendrite.
Term
Carry nerve impulses away from the cell body.
Definition
Axon
Term
The presence of myelin gives a nerve fiber its ______ color.
Definition
White
Term
The gray matter of the brain consists mainly of ________ (type of neuron cell)
Definition
Unmyelinated
Term
Consists of many layers of the tightly packed coil of the Schwann cell plasma membrane that encircles certain kinds of axons.
Definition
Myelin Sheath
Term
Junction between two neurons.
Definition
Synaptic Bonton
Term
Clusters of neuron cell bodies found outside the CNS.
Definition
Ganglia
Term
The three initial developmental regions of the brain.
Definition
Prosencephalon(Fore brain), Mesenaphaline(Mid brain), Rhomben cephalm(hind brain)
Term
The central nervous system is made up of __________ and __________
Definition
brain, spinal cord
Term
There are _____ pairs of cranial nerves.
Definition
12
Term
The autonomic nervous system is made up of ______________ and ____________
Definition
sympathetic and parasympathetic systems
Term
Also called the voluntary nervous system
Definition
Somatic nervous system
Term
Also called the involuntary nervous system.
Definition
Autonomic
Term
Also called the thoracolumbar nervous system
Definition
Sympathetic nervous system
Term
An example of a sympathomimetic agent.
Definition
Epinephrine
Term
Used to block the parasympathetic system during pre-anesthesia.
Definition
Atropine
Term
Neuron that transmits nerve impulses to the spinal cord or brain.
Definition
Sensory neuron (Afferent)
Term
The conducting medium in between two nerves at the synapse except at the postganglionic sympathetic fibers where norephineprite is the medium.
Definition
Acetocohline
Term
Example of a catecholamine
Definition
Epinephrine or Nor-epinephrine
Term
Supporting neural tissue involved in the formation of the myelin sheath and blood-brain barrier.
Definition
Glial Cells
Term
Fluid which acts as a shock absorber for the brain.
Definition
Cerebral spinal fluid
Term
What are the five major parts of the mature brain?
Definition
Cerebrum, cerebellum, mid brain, pons, medulla oblongata
Term
A triple-layered membrane surrounding the brain and spinal cord.
Definition
Meninges
Term
The membrane closest to the gray matter in the brain.
Definition
Pia Mater
Term
The intermediate layer.
Definition
Arachnoid
Term
Most superficial membrane.
Definition
Dura Matter
Term
Fat-filled space between the periosteum of the vertebral canal and the most superficial membrane surround the spinal cord.
Definition
Epideral space
Term
Drugs that stimulate the release of nor-epinephrine from neurovesicles.
Definition
Amphetamines
Term
Principal connection between cerebral hemispheres.
Definition
Corpus collusum
Term
Functional layer of the ovary (where the follicles and hormones are produced)
Definition
Parenehyma
Term
A regressing folicle.
Definition
Atretic
Term
Means "white body" (on the ovary)
Definition
Corpus albicans
Term
Mature follicle
Definition
Graafion Follicle
Term
Production of oogonia.
Definition
Ovigenesis
Term
Funnel-shaped end of oviducts
Definition
infundibulum
Term
Exact location of fertilization.
Definition
Junction of ambulla + isthmus
Term
Muscular part of the uterus.
Definition
Myometrium
Term
Outer layer of uterine tissue.
Definition
Tunica serosa
Term
Inner layer of uterine tissue.
Definition
Endometrium
Term
Uterine type found in mare.
Definition
Bipartic