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Anatomy and Physiology of Human Movement
Foundations of Structural Kinesiology
55
Anatomy
01/14/2010

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Term
Anatomical Position
Definition
standing in an upright posture, feet parallel and close, palms forward
Term
fundamental position
Definition
standing in an upright posture, feet parallel and close, palms facing body
Term
anterior
Definition
in front in relation to another structure
Term
posterior
Definition
in back in relation to another structure
Term
inferior (infra)
Definition
below in relation to another structure
Term
superior (supra)
Definition
above in relation to another structure
Term
distal
Definition
situated away from the center or midline of the body
Term
proximal
Definition
nearest the trunk or the point of origin
Term
lateral
Definition
on or to the side
Term
medial
Definition
relating to the middle or center
Term
contralateral
Definition
pertaining to the opposite side
Term
ipsilateral
Definition
on the same side
Term
bilateral
Definition
relating to the right and left sides of the body
Term
deep
Definition
beneath or below the surface
Term
superficial
Definition
near the surface
Term
prone
Definition
stomach lying
Term
supine
Definition
lying on the back
Term
cephalic
Definition
head
Term
cervical
Definition
neck
Term
sagittal plane
Definition
front to back, Styx-Mr. Roboto, bisects the body into left and right
Term
frontal plane
Definition
only move side to side, divides body into anterior and posterior
Term
tranverse plane
Definition
twisting, divides body into top and bottom half
Term
mediolateral axis
Definition
runs side to side at a right angle to sagittal plane of motion
Term
anteroposterior axis
Definition
runs front to back at a right angle to frontal plane of motion
Term
suprainferior axis
Definition
runs straight down through top of head and is at a right angle to transverse plane of motion
Term
Flexion
Definition
Bending movement that results in a decrease of angle
Term
Extension
Definition
Straightening movement that results in an increase of angle
Term
Abduction
Definition
Lateral movement away from midline of trunk
Term
Adduction
Definition
Movement medially toward midline
Term
Horizontal Abduction:
Definition
Movement away from the midline while parallel to the ground
Term
Horizontal Adduction:
Definition
Movement towards the midline while parallel to the ground
Term
Circumduction
Definition
Circular movement of a limb that delineates an arc or describes a cone
Combination of flexion, extension, abduction, & adduction
Term
Internal rotation
Definition
Rotary movement around longitudinal axis of a bone toward midline of body
Term
External rotation
Definition
Rotary movement around longitudinal axis of a bone away from midline of body
Term
Eversion
Definition
Turning sole of foot outward or laterally
Term
Plantar flexion:
Definition
Extension movement of ankle that results in foot moving away from body
Term
Dorsal flexion (dorsiflexion):
Definition
Flexion movement of ankle that results in top of foot moving toward anterior tibia bone
Term
Pronation
Definition
nternally rotating radius where it lies diagonally across ulna, resulting in palm-down position of forearm
Term
Supination
Definition
Externally rotating radius where it lies parallel to ulna, resulting in palm-up position of forearm
Term
Depression
Definition
Inferior movement of shoulder girdle
Term
Elevation
Definition
Superior movement of shoulder girdle
Term
Retraction
Definition
Backward movement of shoulder girdle toward spine
Adduction of the scapula
Term
Protraction
Definition
Forward movement of shoulder girdle away from spine
Abduction of the scapula
Term
Rotation downward
Definition
Rotary movement of scapula with inferior angle of scapula moving medially & downward
Term
Rotation downward
Definition
Rotary movement of scapula with inferior angle of scapula moving medially & downward
Term
Rotation upward
Definition
Rotary movement of scapula with inferior angle of scapula moving laterally & upward
Term
Reduction
Definition
Return of spinal column to anatomic position from lateral flexion
Adduction of spine
Term
Lateral flexion (side bending)
Definition
Movement of head and / or trunk laterally away from midline
Abduction of spine
Term
Ulnar flexion (ulnar deviation)

Definition
Adduction movement at wrist of little finger side of hand toward forearm
Term
Radial flexion (radial deviation)
Definition
Abduction movement at wrist of thumb side of hand toward forearm
Term
Inversion
Definition
Turning sole of foot inward or medially
Term
anterior pelvic tilt
Definition
water pours to the front
Term
posterior pelvic tilt
Definition
water goes back
Term
left lateral pelvic tilt
Definition
water pours to left
Term
right lateral pelvic tilt
Definition
water pours to right