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American History
roads help - semester 2
522
History
02/05/2013

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Cards

Term
Which of the following was a serious concern of the Triple Entente?
Definition
Germany's growing nationalism
Term
Which American president was in office during World War I?
Definition
Woodrow Wilson
Term
Which of the following countries was a part of the Central Powers during World War I?
Definition
Austria-Hungary
Term
Which of the following happened first during World War I?
Definition
Austria-Hungary declared war on Serbia
Term
What term describes Britain, France, Russia, and other countries that joined them during World War I?
Definition
Allied Powers
Term
Which one of the following best defines nationalism?
Definition
Putting your own country's needs and interests before that of other countries
Term
What term was used to describe World War I at the time of the war?
Definition
The Great War
Term
Which of the following events triggered the start of World War I?
Definition
Assassination of Ferdinand
Term
Approximately when did World War I occur?
Definition
1910s
Term
What is it called when one country gains control over another territory?
Definition
Imperialism
Term
Who was responsible for killing Austria-Hungary ruler Archduke Franz Ferdinand?
Definition
Black Hand
Term
Which of the following countries fought against Germany during World War I?
Definition
Belgium
Term
What was the main purpose of the alliance system?
Definition
To balance political power across countries
Term
What term describes the feeling of pride that Americans may feel toward their country?
Definition
Nationalism
Term
What did Austria-Hungary do as a result of Archduke Franz Ferdinand's assassination?
Definition
Declared war on Serbia
Term
Which two countries encouraged America to enter the war because they needed fresh troops?
Definition
Britain and France
Term
What was President Wilson's reason for his plan to rebuild Europe without destroying its countries?
Definition
To prevent future wars from happening as the result of continued disputes
Term
Which type of warfare led to a stalemate during World War I?
Definition
Trench warfare
Term
Which of the following countries is most known for its accomplished naval force?
Definition
Britain
Term
Which World War I ship was sunk in violation of the rules of neutrality?
Definition
Lusitania
Term
When Russia pulled out of the war, what advantage did that give to Germany?
Definition
Germans were now able to surge forward on the western fronts, and so they launched several attacks.
Term
Which of the following resulted in Russia leaving the war?
Definition
The Bolshevik Revolution
Term
During World War I, which one of the following was required to raise funds to supply the U.S. Army?
Definition
Liberty bonds
Term
What is the term for the document that the Central Powers signed that resulted in a cease-fire?
Definition
Armistice
Term
When the Lusitania sank, President Wilson was furious and blamed *BLANK* for the attack.
Definition
Germany
Term
The leader of the American Expeditionary Forces (AEF), John J. Pershing, was also known for pursuing Pancho Villa through Mexico.
Definition
True
Term
To mobilize for war, which one of the following did America have to do?
Definition
Pass the Selective Service Act
Term
What term identifies one country's responsibility to pay for the damage it has done to another country?
Definition
Reparation
Term
Why did Wilson feel it necessary to convince other countries to accept his plan?
Definition
Other countries preferred to punish the Central Powers for their part in World War I.
Term
Liberty bonds were sold during World War I to help support the Committee for Public Information
Definition
False
Term
Countries that form partnerships known as alliances do so for which one of the following reasons?
Definition
Prevent any one country from dominating political affairs
Term
One country gains control over another territory through some means
Definition
Imperialism
Term
During World War I, more civilian tragedies occurred during trench warfare than any other type of warfare.
Definition
False
Term
During World War I, the United States joined the Allied Powers and fought against Austria-Hungary, Germany, and the Ottoman Empire.
Definition
True
Term
What was the Schlieffen Plan?
Definition
Germany's plan to take France quickly and move on to Russia
Term
President Wilson's plan to rebuild Europe without destroying any countries was known as the Fourteen Points.
Definition
True
Term
During what time of day did most trench warfare battles take place during World War I?
Definition
Daylight
Term
Which term means that a nation has forced its way into another country, and taken over territorial and governmental control?
Definition
Imperialism
Term
The first American victory against the Germans took place at Chateau-thierry in which battle?
Definition
The Second Battle of the Marne
Term
What does mobilize mean?
Definition
To prepare a country for war
Term
The building up of troops and arms by one country, often in an effort to claim territory, is referred to as which of the following?
Definition
Militarism
Term
As a direct result of pressure from the AEF, Russians revolted against their own government, the event which is known today as the Bolshevik Revolution.
Definition
False
Term
How successful was the Schlieffen Plan?
Definition
It was a failure.
Term
Germany and Austria-Hungary, and other countries joined to form the *BLANK*.
Definition
Central Powers
Term
A person feels a connection with and a responsibility towards a particular country
Definition
Nationalism
Term
Which country was blamed for sinking the Lusitania?
Definition
Germany
Term
What is the strategy of putting all a country's resources toward a war?
Definition
Total warfare
Term
What was the longest battle of World War I?
Definition
Battle of Verdun
Term
In which treaty did Russia give up possession of Finland, Estonia, and other countries?
Definition
The Treaty of Brest-Litovsk
Term
Which President's vow to remain neutral in World War I helped him to get elected?
Definition
Wilson
Term
Which of the following was one of Britain's most important allies during World War I?
Definition
France
Term
What organization did Wilson want to see formed in order to further his Fourteen Points?
Definition
League of Nations
Term
What was the land between two opposing trenches called?
Definition
No man's land
Term
Of the following, which were the two reasons why the U.S. joined World War I?
Definition
Breaking of the Sussex Pledge and the Zimmerman Note
Term
Nationalism could be both a positive and a negative force within or between nations.
Definition
True
Term
In 1917, what was the result of Americans having associated the philosophy of Karl Marx and Vladimir Lenin with American socialists who sought a peaceful transition to a new democratic state?
Definition
Red Scare
Term
The founder of the company who built the Model-T was also known for inventing the assembly line.
Definition
True
Term
What name is given to the process a country goes through in trying to regain normalcy after having been involved in a war?
Definition
Demobilization
Term
What is the name of the philosophical work by Karl Marx that claimed the working class would overthrow their government?
Definition
Communist Manifesto
Term
In 1920, which two individuals were arrested and tried because a crime had been committed in which the criminals looked like they were Italians?
Definition
Sacco and Vanzetti
Term
After World War I, many innocent immigrants were arrested and prosecutions were made for which there was little or no evidence all because people feared a government overthrow in the United States. What was the result of these actions?
Definition
Palmer Raids
Term
Due to the process involved in returning to a normal state of affairs after a war, the United States economy was in crisis before the start of the Roaring Twenties.
Definition
True
Term
The Great Migration was named such because of the influx of immigrants that came to the U.S. during the Roaring Twenties.
Definition
False
Term
Which company owner's industry flourished during the Roaring Twenties as a result of his own innovation in production and modernization?
Definition
Henry Ford
Term
Eugene Williams was a victim whose death helped to spur which one of the following during the summer of 1919?
Definition
Chicago Race Riot
Term
Prohibition made drinking illegal, but it did not stop many people from drinking.
Definition
True
Term
Which one of the following is NOT associated with Red Summer of 1919?
Definition
Garvey Race Riot
Term
What riot was started in the summer of 1919 by a shooting at a union organization meeting for African-American sharecroppers?
Definition
Elaine Race Riot
Term
What was the main effect of the passage of the Twenty-first Amendment?
Definition
It eliminated prohibition.
Term
Which one of the following best defines the term anarchist?
Definition
Anyone who does not believe in governmental authority
Term
Conservatives who did not like the moral changes in society were known as preachers.
Definition
False
Term
Fundamentalism means a literal or direct interpretation of the Bible.
Definition
True
Term
Which one of the following was a baseball player turned fundamentalist preacher?
Definition
Billy Sunday
Term
Fundamentalism gave rise to the return of revivalist preachers.
Definition
True
Term
Which president had also been Secretary of Commerce under another president and felt comfortable that prosperity would continue for some time to come?
Definition
Herbert Hoover
Term
Fundamentalists strongly opposed Prohibition.
Definition
False
Term
Which one of the following best describes the Revenue Act of 1926?
Definition
A bill aimed at reducing taxes for the richest in the country
Term
Warren G. Harding was elected to the presidency on a platform that has come to be known as which of the following?
Definition
Return-to-normalcy platform
Term
Originally termed, "The New Negro Movement," what was this time during the Roaring Twenties later called?
Definition
Harlem Renaissance
Term
Which president was responsible for passing the law that eliminated taxes for the wealthy on monetary gifts and reduced estate taxes?
Definition
Calvin Coolidge
Term
What was the event that involved government oil reserves leases and bribery later to become known as?
Definition
Teapot Dome Scandal
Term
Why were some women of the Roaring Twenties called Flappers?
Definition
They challenged and often worked against the social norms of the time.
Term
In the 1920s, the Secretary of the Treasurer presented a bill to Congress that appeared to be a simple reduction in income taxes for all, but ended up favoring the rich and burdening the poor. What was this bill called?
Definition
Mellon Plan
Term
Which president during the Roaring Twenties supported business by supporting high tariffs?
Definition
Warren G. Harding
Term
The Scopes Trial made it legal to teach fundamentalism in school.
Definition
False
Term
What aspect of prohibition furthered the rise of crime bosses and mobs?
Definition
Bootlegging
Term
Based on the 1910 census, which law passed by Congress restricted immigration by nationality to just 3%?
Definition
Emergency Quota Act
Term
Which law discriminated against Europeans because it set immigration restrictions to 2% of the census taken in 1890?
Definition
Immigration Act of 1924
Term
From 1918-1921, many raids and arrests took place that were designed to capture communist radicals in the U.S. Who was considered responsible for these raids?
Definition
Mitchell Palmer
Term
What is the name given to identify an irrational fear of foreigners?
Definition
Xenophobia
Term
Which one of the following was not involved in the Scopes Trial?
Definition
Aimee Semple
Term
The Great Depression occurred while this President was in office.
Definition
Hoover
Term
How did the booming industry in the 1920s affect the daily life of Americans?
Definition
It made household appliances more affordable.
Term
Who was responsible for resurrecting the KKK during the Roaring Twenties?
Definition
William Joseph Simmons
Term
The Great Migration was at least in part the result of people's need for jobs and freedom.
Definition
True
Term
The Twenty-first Amendment made it illegal to have or transport alcohol.
Definition
False
Term
Greater independence for women was also part of the Jazz Age.
Definition
True
Term
Which one of the following preachers claimed to have been kidnapped?
Definition
Aimee Semple
Term
The only workers not affected by demobilization after World War I were farmers.
Definition
False
Term
The latter years of this president’s time in office were scandalous ones, the Teapot Dome Scandal being one of the biggest.
Definition
Harding
Term
What is the name of the biology teacher who decided to take on the state of Tennessee and teach evolution in class?
Definition
John Scopes
Term
Aimee Semple was the first female fire-and-brimstone preacher.
Definition
False
Term
What is the name given to the production technique in which the parts are moved to the individual instead of the worker going after the parts?
Definition
Assembly line
Term
What Russian event caused Russia to pull out of World War I and was also the result of Karl Marx's influence on Lenin?
Definition
Bolshevik Revolution
Term
What was the main and initial conflict that propelled prohibition?
Definition
A clash between urban and country values
Term
Who was the Jamaican immigrant set on building an independent state in Africa for African-Americans?
Definition
Marcus Garvey
Term
Which one of the following would NOT be associated with a flapper of the Roaring Twenties?
Definition
Supporting fundamentalist beliefs
Term
This isolationist President did not support America’s involvement in world affairs.
Definition
Wilson
Term
This president ran on the election platform of continued economic success, but was unable to live up to that promise.
Definition
Hoover
Term
Within the first eight months of this President’s term, the stock market plummeted, causing a dramatic fall in the country’s economy.
Definition
Hoover
Term
How does the stock market affect businesses?
Definition
Businesses can sell stock to increase their funding, allowing for growth and expansion.
Term
The gross national product (GNP) is a measure of the rate of production in the United States.
Definition
True
Term
When people spend money they don’t have by taking out loans, which of the following is a probable outcome when looking at the big picture?
Definition
Economy would fail.
Term
After the stock market crash, banks
Definition
lost money and closed.
Term
The crash of the stock market in 1929 had a renewing effect on the economy as it freed a great deal of money for other uses.
Definition
False
Term
Which of the following is TRUE of American society BEFORE the stock market crash of the 1930s?
Definition
The stock market was becoming more and more available and therefore more popular.
Term
Businesses sell shares of ownership in their company by issuing which of the following?
Definition
Stock
Term
What occurred on October 29, 1929?
Definition
all of the above
Term
______ is the Gross National Product.
Definition
The total value of goods and services produced annually
Term
Which of the following helped pull the U.S. out of the Great Depression by increasing production, employment, and sales?
Definition
Start of World War II
Term
Which of the following might contribute to the diminished value of a particular stock?
Definition
Decrease of investments in the same stock
Term
When production increases, what happens to the gross national product (GNP)?
Definition
The GNP increases.
Term
Which program did Roosevelt put into effect in order to restore confidence in the banking system?
Definition
Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation
Term
The goal of one of Roosevelt's programs was to provide unemployment insurance to workers. Which program was this?
Definition
Social Security Act
Term
President Hoover was blamed by many for the suffering experienced during the Great Depression.
Definition
True
Term
A production growth from $43 billion to $83 billion would be considered which of the following?
Definition
Increase in gross national product
Term
What is it called when, within a short period of time, masses of people withdraw all their money from their accounts in fear that the banks will collapse?
Definition
Bank runs
Term
Roosevelt actively worked to help the suffering public even before he was elected to the presidency.
Definition
True
Term
Despite the horrific economic conditions, the gross national product (GNP) in the U.S. only fell a couple percentage points from 1929 to 1934.
Definition
False
Term
Where do banks keep the majority of the deposits made by their customers?
Definition
It is sent to the appropriate Federal Reserve Bank.
Term
When local agencies needed funds to provide relief to suffering people, which Roosevelt administration program could they turn to?
Definition
Federal Emergency Relief Administration
Term
Franklin Roosevelt was elected as president primarily because people were unhappy with the way Hoover had responded to the suffering masses.
Definition
True
Term
During the great crash, unemployment caused a reduction in consumer purchases, which generally caused unemployment to raise even further.
Definition
True
Term
When the country's gross national product (GNP) is high, employment opportunity is most likely high as well.
Definition
True
Term
Although things looked pretty good by the end of 1928, most of the population foresaw the bad times that were coming.
Definition
False
Term
During the 1920s, it became a common practice to take out a loan in order to buy shares in a company. What was this practice called?
Definition
Buying on margin
Term
Which of the following statements is a TRUE of America in the 1920s?
Definition
Society was setting itself up for a dramatic economic fall, but, due to a general unawareness, optimism remained high.
Term
Which of the following saw more than 5,500 closings during the Great Depression?
Definition
Banks
Term
Which of the following statements is a TRUE of America at the end of 1928?
Definition
Americans believed that the good times would never end.
Term
Of the following, which is NOT considered one of the causes of the Great Depression?
Definition
Lower class citizens took advantage of the welfare system, resulting in a false distribution of money.
Term
One effect of the stock market crash was that people could not pay their bank loans, ultimately leading to a run on banks.
Definition
True
Term
Which of the following can be considered part of the reason for the stock market crash in 1929?
Definition
Consumers relied too much on the use of credit, so they overspent.
Term
Which of the following is one cause of the Dust Bowl?
Definition
Severe lack of rainfall
Term
Which of the following was a direct result of the Dust Bowl?
Definition
More than 60% of farmers lost their farms.
Term
How did President Hoover respond to the onset of the Great Depression?
Definition
Hoover did nothing in response to the steep rise in unemployment.
Term
Of the programs that Roosevelt instituted in order to provide relief to the country during the Great Depression, which one was aimed at putting people back to work?
Definition
Civil Works Administration
Term
If companies are forced to downsize, which of the following is mostly likely to happen?
Definition
Stocks would decrease.
Term
The relief, recovery, and reform programs instituted by President Roosevelt came to be known by what name?
Definition
New Deal
Term
Many Republicans believed Roosevelt was granting himself too much power through his New Deal programs.
Definition
True
Term
Which area did Hitler ask for Great Britain's help in invading?
Definition
Sudetenland
Term
Why was Winston Churchill opposed to the appeasement policy of the 1930s?
Definition
He felt it would lead to the Axis domination of Western Europe.
Term
Hitler was a native-born German, making his rise to power in the Nazi party quick and easy.
Definition
False
Term
Known for his hatred and persecution of Jews
Definition
Adolf Hitler
Term
Pushed the Enabling Act through legislation, gaining ultimate power
Definition
Adolf Hitler
Term
When one country tries to prevent war by attempting to bribe another country to keep the peace, this is known as which one of the following?
Definition
Appeasement
Term
Established Nazism in Germany
Definition
Adolf Hitler
Term
What military strategy did Hitler follow in order to ensure he could safely invade other countries?
Definition
He entered a non-agression treaty with some countries that let each of them invade other countries.
Term
Which country was not part of the Allied Powers during World War II?
Definition
Germany
Term
Was the founder of the Fascist movement
Definition
Benito Mussolini
Term
Adolf Hitler used his power over the National Socialist German Workers' party to help enforce the Treaty of Versailles.
Definition
False
Term
The conference that kept Czechoslovakia independent but placed Sudetenland under German control was known by what name?
Definition
Munich Conference
Term
The agreement between Hitler and Stalin that allowed Hitler to quickly conquer Poland was known as the Blitzkrieg.
Definition
False
Term
Under whose leadership did Hitler's plans for Europe's domination suffer its first defeat?
Definition
Churchill
Term
After World War I, European countries were hesitant to get involved in armed conflict so they chose to negotiate with aggressive nations.
Definition
True
Term
Which 1941 Congressional act made it possible for an otherwise neutral U.S. to give aid to countries considered vital to the U.S.?
Definition
Lend-Lease
Term
On what date did the attack on American ships and soldiers at Pearl Harbor occur?
Definition
December 7, 1941
Term
Who was the Japanese leader responsible for the attack on America at Pearl harbor?
Definition
Hideki
Term
After the invasion of Poland in 1939, Great Britain and France declared war on Germany. Why didn't the United States also enter the war at this time?
Definition
American public opinion was firmly against joining the war.
Term
America entered World War II in 1941 when Germany attacked U.S. ships in Hawaii.
Definition
False
Term
What does the term "Double V" stand for?
Definition
Victory at home and victory abroad
Term
When General Tojo Hideki came to power in Japan, he warned America to remain neutral in the war.
Definition
False
Term
Led by Hitler, the *BLANK* was a mass genocide of Jewish people in Germany.
Definition
Holocaust
Term
Which event of World War II took place near Australia and resulted in defeating the Japanese attempt to take New Guinea?
Definition
Battle of the Coral Sea
Term
What was the term given to German prisons where non-Aryans and those not deemed fit to be Aryans, such as Gypsies, were executed?
Definition
Concentration Camps
Term
Which laws were passed in Germany that outlawed interracial marriages that involved Jews?
Definition
Neuremberg
Term
Around 10,000 Filipino and 600 captured American troops died in which event of World War II?
Definition
Bataan Death March
Term
Who replaced President Roosevelt and had the responsibility for bringing the U.S. back into peacetime restoration?
Definition
Harry Truman
Term
Who is credited with the line, "I shall return"?
Definition
General Douglas MacArthur
Term
What happened to American industry during World War II?
Definition
Production of military supplies increased dramatically.
Term
Hitler was the chief architect of fascism.
Definition
False
Term
On what date did the attack on American ships and soldiers at Pearl Harbor occur?
Definition
December 7, 1941
Term
Why did several European countries feel it necessary to agree to Hitler's demand to free the people of Sudetenland?
Definition
They had been devastated by World War I and prefered to appease rather than fight Hitler, believing it would forever satisfy his imperialist desires.
Term
Genocide is the systematic movement of one race of people from one country to another.
Definition
False
Term
Hitler's persecution of Jews began in 1938 on a night that has been come to be known as Kristallnacht because of the amount of broken glass.
Definition
True
Term
Followed the Hitler's lead in his adoption of anti-Semitic views
Definition
Benito Mussolini
Term
Rose to power under Vladimir Lenin
Definition
Josef Stalin
Term
Sought to create a completely communist government in the Soviet Union
Definition
Josef Stalin
Term
Is sent by the German government to investigate the German Workers’ Party
Definition
Adolf Hitler
Term
After being attacked by Germany, Poland signed the Nazi-Allies Non-Aggression Pact.
Definition
False
Term
During which Pacific ocean battle of World War II did the U.S. Navy have its first real advantage over the Japanese due to the U.S. having cracked the Japanese's codes?
Definition
Battle of the Coral Sea
Term
After the invasion of Poland in 1939, Great Britain and France declared war on Germany. Why didn't the United States also enter the war at this time?
Definition
American public opinion was firmly against joining the war.
Term
When General Tojo Hideki came to power in Japan, he warned America to remain neutral in the war.
Definition
False
Term
Wasn’t a part of the Tripartite Pact
Definition
Josef Stalin
Term
Under whose leadership did Hitler's plans for Europe's domination suffer its first defeat?
Definition
Churchill
Term
The acts passed by Congress that forbid aiding aggressive countries were known as which of the following?
Definition
Neutrality Acts
Term
Why did Franklin Roosevelt publically support neutrality before the United States entered the war?
Definition
He knew that the American people did not want to get involved in the war.
Term
General Douglas MacArthur was in charge of the American and Fillipino forces in the Phillipines when the Japanese attacked.
Definition
True
Term
What was the outcome of Executive Order 9066 signed by Franklin Roosevelt?
Definition
Japanese Americans were relocated to internment camps.
Term

Which country was not affected in any way by the Nazi-Soviet Non-Aggression Pact?
Definition
England
Term
Why were Navajo Indians used as radio operators for the Marines during World War II?
Definition
Their language couldn't be deciphered by the enemy.
Term
The term used to define the systematic elimination of people due to their race is known by which of the following names?
Definition
Genocide
Term
What term describes moving from one island to another by capturing them one at a time, moving closer to Japan with each success?
Definition
Island hopping
Term
Which country was not part of the Allied Powers during World War II?
Definition
Germany
Term
Which victory in the Pacific gave the U.S. forces a strategic location from which to begin moving one island at a time closer to Japan?
Definition
Guadalcanal
Term
"What we have to consider here today while time remains, is the permanent prevention of war," is part of what speech given by Churchill?
Definition
The Iron Curtain speech
Term
Which one of the following was the result of the Yalta Conference?
Definition
United Nations
Term
How much did the U.S. loan to Greece and Turkey to fight communism as part of the U.S. policy's desire to aid countries trying to fight communism?
Definition
$400,000,000
Term
What became the dividing line between North and South Korea even after advances and retreats by both forces?
Definition
The 38th parallel
Term
Believing that economic depression was at least one catalyst to the outbreak of World War II, what program did the U.S. institute to prevent further war resulting from economic woes?
Definition
Marshall Plan
Term
The Cold War was a time in when communist nations and capitalist democracies mistrusted each other but avoided direct military confrontations.
Definition
True
Term
Which country served as the United States’ biggest opposition during the Cold War?
Definition
Russia
Term
Which policy was put forth by a U.S. president when Greece and Turkey were fighting communist uprisings in their countries and needed U.S. aid to defeat it?
Definition
Truman Doctrine
Term
Which of the following is associated with the Iron Curtain?
Definition
All of the above
Term
Of the following, which is not one of the reasons the U.S. and Allies wanted to rebuild the Axis countries?
Definition
Communist rule
Term
Which two countries did the U.S. support to prevent them from becoming communist countries as Stalin had wanted?
Definition
Turkey and Greece
Term
What was not one of the reasons that Stalin held a grudge against the U.S. after World War II?
Definition
He considered the United State's association with Great Britain to be a potential future threat to the security of his country.
Term
The Cold War was solely a *BLANK* war.
Definition
psychological
Term
Which two countries did the U.S. support to prevent them from becoming communist countries as Stalin had wanted?
Definition
Turkey and Greece
Term
Why did the Allied Powers choose to help rebuild Japan after the World War II?
Definition
To implement democracy in the country
Term
The Rosenbergs were U.S. leaders in the fight against communism at home.
Definition
False
Term
South Korea was ruled by a communist dictator after the country was split into North Korea and South Korea.
Definition
False
Term
What was North Korea's stated reason for starting the Korean war?
Definition
They wanted to join the two halves together again to return to being one country.
Term
Who was responsible for stopping the conflict in Korea?
Definition
Dwight D. Eisenhower
Term
What is the term given to the fear of communism that took hold of the U.S. after World War II?
Definition
Red Scare
Term
Which of the following terms best describes the outcome of the Korean war?
Definition
Stalemate
Term
What was the purpose of the House on Un-American Activities Committee?
Definition
To root out communists in American society
Term
Which one of the following was not one of the reasons for the reoccurrence of the Red Scare?
Definition
The blacklisting initiated by the Soviet Union
Term
What was the difference in beliefs between Truman and MacArthur when it came to the Korean War?
Definition
MacArthur wanted total warfare against the North Koreans, even to the point of using nuclear weapons if possible, but Truman wanted to limit warfare.
Term
What is the current status of the Korean War?
Definition
An official cease fire was declared so there was no real winner.
Term
After World War II, Korea was split at the 38th parallel.
Definition
True
Term
The Soviet Scare was the term applied to a fear of anything communist.
Definition
False
Term
Which of the following did not contribute to the birth of the fear of communism in the U.S. after World War II?
Definition
The Un-American Activities Committee activation
Term
Who was accused of passing atomic bomb secrets to the Soviets during World War II and later convicted and executed for spying?
Definition
The Rosenbergs
Term
Under whose administration did the first red scare occur?
Definition
Woodrow Wilson
Term
During which event were Nazi officers tried and convicted by war crimes?
Definition
Nuremberg Trials
Term
Which leader in China did the U.S. support before and after it fell to communist forces?
Definition
Chang Kai-Shek
Term
Redlisting was the practice of denying work to actors, writers, and directors who may have been communists.
Definition
False
Term
What was revealed during the trials of Nazi war criminals that eventually aided Israel?
Definition
Atrocities of the holocaust
Term
Which of the following cannot be attributed to the Republican Senator from Wisconsin who claimed that hundreds of communists were active participants in the U.S. government?
Definition
House on Un-American Activities Committee
Term
Which one of the following was not originally a permanent member of the U.N.?
Definition
Germany
Term
What did the 1947 Taft-Hartley Act do?
Definition
Limited the powers and activities of unions
Term
The Marshall Plan was the U.S.'s way of fighting communism by providing funds to those countries working towards or supporting communism.
Definition
False
Term
What was the United State's reason for getting involved in the Korean War?
Definition
To counter what they believed was the Soviet Unions' influence on and attempt to spread communism throughout Korea
Term
What became the dividing line between North and South Korea even after advances and retreats by both forces?
Definition
The 38th parallel
Term
Who was most responsible for ruining many U.S. government officials by labeling them as communists as a result of the company they kept?
Definition
Senator Joseph McCarthy
Term
What was the result of the U.S., Britain, and France once again uniting the zones that they'd previously occupied and returning them to the people of that area?
Definition
Federal Republic of Germany
Term
What was the Soviet Union's response to the creation of NATO?
Definition
Forming of the Warsaw Pact
Term
What does the abbreviation "NATO" stand for?
Definition
North Atlantic Treaty Organization
Term
What type of government did the United States want Poland and Germany adopt?
Definition
Democracy
Term

Why was the launching of the first artificial satellite to orbit the earth not a pleasant event for Americans?
Definition
They feared that a nuclear bomb could be sent to the U.S. via a rocket, the same thing which put the satellite into orbit.
Term
The Security Council was a branch of the League of Nations developed to prevent the United Nations from succeeding.
Definition
False
Term
The Truman Doctrine was implemented as a way to help prevent the economic depression that led to World War II.
Definition
False
Term
North Korea had South Korea's support in its efforts to reunite the two into a single country.
Definition
False
Term
What role did Joseph McCarthy play in the Red Scare?
Definition
He brought it to the forefront by accusing many politicians of being communists and homosexuals, adding to the nation's fear.
Term
Which leader was responsible for the U.S.'s refusal to recognize the People's Republic of China
Definition
Mao Tse-tung
Term
What was the name of the first artificial satellite to orbit the earth?
Definition
Sputnik
Term
Why was the Berlin Airlift necessary?
Definition
Because the Soviet Union's blockade was preventing food and supplies from reaching the city.
Term
Why did Republicans feel that Richard M. Nixon would make a good President?
Definition
While serving under Eisenhower, he contributed to the peace and prosperity of those years.
Term
Which one of the following was part of Kennedy's foreign policy of economic aid?
Definition
Alliance for Progress
Term
Which one of the following was the youngest U.S. president elected into office?
Definition
John F. Kennedy
Term
What experience did Nixon have during the Eisenhower years that made him a good choice as a presidential candidate?
Definition
Traveling on diplomatic missions
Term
Who is credited for the following quote? "Ask not what your country can do for you--ask what you can do for your country."
Definition
John F. Kennedy
Term
What name was given to the 1960 assault on Castro's troop by CIA-trained Cuban exiles?
Definition
Bay of Pigs
Term
Who was the Kennedy administration official responsible for fighting organized crime?`
Definition
Robert F. Kennedy
Term
What attorney general successfully fought organized crime during Kennedy's presidency?
Definition
Robert F. Kennedy
Term
Who was initially responsible for the plan to overthrow Fidel Castro?
Definition
Eisenhower
Term
What issue did Kennedy's opponents use to try to discredit him as a potential presidential candidate?
Definition
His religion
Term
What was President Kennedy's primary reason for introducing his New Frontier policy?
Definition
To encourage Americans to work for noble causes
Term
How did the CIA plan to overthrow Castro?
Definition
The CIA planned to train 1,500 cubans and lead them on an invasion of Cuba.
Term
Why did Kennedy do little more than publicly protest the building of the Berlin Wall?
Definition
He was unwilling to start a war with the Soviet Union over the construction of a wall.
Term
Which of the following is a program started by President Johnson that provides job skills training for the poor?
Definition
Job Corps
Term
An employee of the Texas School Book Depository was charged with the assassination of J.F. Kennedy.
Definition
True
Term
Who was responsible for shooting the man who assassinated Kennedy?
Definition
Jack Ruby
Term
Which program did President Johnson initiate in an effort to prepare underprivileged children for school?
Definition
Head Start
Term
Which of the following does NOT describe the man who assassinated John F. Kennedy?
Definition
Member of the southern Democrats
Term
Which of the following was NOT part of Johnson's platform to help the poor?
Definition
Peace Corps
Term
Johnson developed a program aimed at assisting the poor known as the War on Prosperity.
Definition
False
Term
What commission was created to investigate Kennedy's assassination?
Definition
Warren
Term
Who was accused and charged with the assassination of President Kennedy?
Definition
Oswald
Term
What name was given to Johnson's program to help the poor?
Definition
Great Society
Term
The investigation of Kennedy's assassination was conducted through the Goldwater Commission.
Definition
False
Term
The Job Society program was designed to educate underprivileged children.
Definition
False
Term
Which of the following is most likely the reason Johnson beat out his Republican opponent in the 1964 election?
Definition
The Republican candidate was against social reforms.
Term
Which of the following is NOT an issue addressed by Johnson's program established to help the poor?
Definition
Internationalization
Term
Who was the Republican presidential nominee against whom Johnson ran in the election of 1964?
Definition
Goldwater
Term
Who was selected as John F. Kennedy's running mate in the presidential election of 1960?
Definition
Lyndon B. Johnson
Term
Which of the following presidential candidates in the election of 1960 had served as vice president under Eisenhower?
Definition
Richard M. Nixon
Term
Which of the following was NOT instituted to deal with health issues of the underprivileged?
Definition
HUD
Term
Of the following, which one is not associated with the election of 1960?
Definition
Barry S. Goldwater
Term
What was Kennedy's biggest concern about the Soviet Union's missile movement in Cuba in 1962?
Definition
The proximity (closeness) of those missiles to the U.S.
Term
Which two programs were successfully implemented during Kennedy's presidency?
Definition
Housing Act and Peace Corp
Term
One of Johnson's programs that since has been the debate of many politicians was designed to assist the payment of medical expenses for people over age 65.
Definition
True
Term
The Alliance for Progress was part of Kennedy's New Frontier Policy.
Definition
False
Term

Which of President Kennedy's programs was implemented to aid developing countries?
Definition
Peace Corps
Term
Which of the following was NOT an event associated with the assassination of John F. Kennedy?
Definition
Alliance between southern Democrats and communists to assassinate Kennedy
Term

Seniors today receive assistance with paying medical bills as the result of which one of Johnson's programs?
Definition
Medicare
Term
The result of the commission charged with investigating JFK's assassination was that the assassin acted alone; according to the commision, there was no conspiracy.
Definition
True
Term
Jack Ruby was accussed of assasinating John F. Kennedy.
Definition
False
Term
Richard M. Nixon served as Attorney General and was responsible for raising minimum wage during his term.
Definition
False
Term
Johnson's platform established to assist the poor in America was known as the Great Social Program.
Definition
False
Term
Ich bin eine Berliner means "Reunite Berlin!"
Definition
False
Term
Kennedy created an organization that provided $10 billion in economic aid to Central and South America, pulling them out of economic depression.
Definition
False
Term
The New Frontier Policy was established by Robert F. Kennedy.
Definition
False
Term
When Kruschev ordered the building of the Berlin wall, what was Kennedy's first reaction?
Definition
To send troops to West Berlin
Term
Medical insurance for the poor is part of which Johnson program?
Definition
Medicaid
Term
Which one of the following was not a result of the crisis over missiles that occurred in Cuba in 1962?
Definition
Soviet Union's promise not to invade Turkey
Term
Which of the following best describes the result of the committee Johnson appointed to investigate Kennedy's assassination?
Definition
The commission determined that Lee Harvey Oswald acted alone
Term
Medicaid was created by Johnson to teach job skills to the underprivileged.
Definition
False
Term
HUD was created to address which issues?
Definition
Targeted housing issues
Term
On what date did the fight for equal access to public services begin in Montgomery, Alabama?
Definition
December 1955
Term
Before joining the N.A.A.C.P., Rosa Parks had been a member of the Central High School board, working for desegregation of the public schools.
Definition
False
Term
One of the most significant changes in Dr. King's approach to desegregation came in Birmingham, Alabama, when he chose to focus on a single specific goal.
Definition
True
Term
Who believed that the only way for African Americans to get real equality was through changing laws that would be binding on the white establishment?
Definition
Thurgood Marshall
Term
Why did the 1957 board of the all-white Central High School choose to enroll nine African American students?
Definition
To gradually begin desegregating Little Rock schools
Term
Who was the chief justice of the Supreme Court that used the courts to help define and extend civil rights for African Americans?
Definition
Earl Warren
Term
Besides the incident with Ms. Parks, what underlying cause led to the Montgomery, Alabama, boycotts in 1955?
Definition
Agitation over unfair treatment due to Jim Crow laws
Term
What does segregate mean?
Definition
Separate people based on race
Term
During the 1950s, Earl Warren led the N.A.A.C.P.'s legal defense fund in pursuit of justice and civil rights for African Americans.
Definition
False
Term
Which of the following statements about desegregation efforts in the early 1950s is true?
Definition
Brown v. Board of Education was the start of desegregation of public schools.
Term
Who was the President of the United States when Governor Orval E. Faubus tried to prevent the admission of the Little Rock 9 into Central High School?
Definition
Dwight Eisenhower
Term
The Southern Christian Leadership Conference was an organization designed to protect white Americans from African Americans who were fighting for their civil rights.
Definition
False
Term
Who became known as an important figure of the civil rights movement, gaining notoriety because of the successful boycott in Montgomery, Alabama?
Definition
Martin Luther King
Term
Thurgood Marshall was responsible for eliminating Jim Crow laws, which extended civil rights to African Americans.
Definition
False
Term
What was Rosa Parks' major contribution to the civil rights movement in 1955?
Definition
Indirectly starting the boycott of the bus system
Term
Which of the following was a significant outcome of the March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom?
Definition
Dr. King was able to speak to President Kennedy.
Term
Which president held the most influence in the passage of the Civil Rights Act of 1964?
Definition
Lyndon B Johnson
Term
President John F. Kennedy successfully used the Attorney General to help get tens of thousands of Southern African Americans register to vote.
Definition
False
Term
Which individual planned both a 1941 and 1962 march on Washington?
Definition
A. Phillip Randolph
Term
The student movement began with students from which college?
Definition
North Carolina A&T
Term
The student movement was started by the Congress of Racial Equality.
Definition
False
Term
After whom did students that took up the cause of pressuring the government to enforce civil rights model their behavior?
Definition
Martin Luther King
Term
President John F. Kennedy took an active role in passing the first civil rights act in the U.S.
Definition
False
Term
What was the estimated number of students that participated in the student movement of 1960?
Definition
70,000
Term
Which of the following was the site of a student sit-in to support the desegregation of Southern universities
Definition
Woolworth
Term
Which of the following was largely responsible for the success of the student movement?
Definition
Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC)
Term
The 1963 march to Washington, DC was led by Randolph and Rustin.
Definition
True
Term
Which of the following did NOT contribute to Presidnt Kennedy's unsuccessful efforts to register African American in the south?
Definition
Overcrowded voting polls
Term
Which individual was the real catalyst who forced President Kennedy to take significant action to push for a civil rights bill?
Definition
Medgar Evers
Term
Dr. King inspired many students to protest in support of civil rights for African Americans.
Definition
True
Term
Which governor stood in the doors of the University of Alabama to prevent African Americans students from entering?
Definition
Wallace
Term
Business owners across the South established the White Citizens Council to support equal opportunity for African American businessmen.
Definition
False
Term
What action in Birmingham, Alabama, led Dr. King to write his best known work?
Definition
Dr. King's arrest and subsequent eight month stint in jail
Term
In what state did the Freedom Riders suffer the most violence?
Definition
Alabama
Term
What was the purpose of the White Citizens Council?
Definition
Resisting the integration of Southern public schools by any legal means
Term
What approach did the Freedom Riders take in order to aid desegregation in the south?
Definition
They recruited students to ride across the country with them to bring attention to discrimination in the South.
Term
President Lyndon B. Johnson wanted to finish what Kennedy had started, so he took a hands-on approach to passing the Civil Rights Act of 1964.
Definition
True
Term
The writing and release of the Letter From Birmingham Jail was responsible for the death of the desegregation movement in Birmingham, Alabama.
Definition
False
Term
Laws in the South that were detrimental to African Americans were referred to by what description?
Definition
Separate but equal laws
Term
Who was responsible for forcing President Eisenhower to protect African American students attending an otherwise all white school?
Definition
Orval Faubus
Term
In Montgomery, Alabama, Dr. King had to fight the SCLC, led by Reverend Fred Shuttlesworth, to succeed at desegregation.
Definition
False
Term
What result did Bull Connor's jailing of Dr. King have on the desegregation movement?
Definition
It brought full attention of the evils of segregation to the nation because the event was so widely publicized.
Term
Although President Kennedy never passed any civil rights laws, Attorney General Robert F. Kennedy protected Freedom Riders by sending in U.S. Marshals.
Definition
True
Term
Freedom Riders were sent into the South by which organization?
Definition
Congress of Racial Equality
Term
What organization did Dr. King head up that let him put into practice his belief in nonviolent action as an effective way to deal with the white establishment?
Definition
Southern Christian Leadership Conference
Term
Success in the South spurred African American leaders to conduct a March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom.
Definition
True
Term
The Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee almost ended the student movement because of its inability to focus and instruct students on how to cope with the violence and harassment.
Definition
False
Term
Which segregationist in Birmingham, Alabama, planned to prevent desegregation no matter what had to be done?
Definition
Bull Connors
Term
The Civil Rights Act of 1964 made discrimination illegal in hotels as well as other public business places.
Definition
True
Term
Which individual worked with Dr. King to desegregate the downtown businesses of Birmingham, Alabama?
Definition
Rev. Fred Shuttlesworth
Term
3,600 students were arrested during the student movement. What was the ultimate result of their actions?
Definition
Many Southern businesses chose to integrate as a result of what the students did.
Term
Martin Luther King delivered his famous I Have a Dream speech on the steps of the Washington Memorial in 1962.
Definition
False
Term
The Brown v. Board of Education case established to eliminate racial discrimination in elementary and secondary schools.
Definition
True
Term
Why did the March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom take place?
Definition
Civil rights leaders thought it was the best way to show their discontent for the lack of government action towards civil rights for African Americans.
Term
Hanoi was the capital of which of the following?
Definition
North Vietnam
Term
Where is Saigon located?
Definition
South Vietnam
Term
Hue was the capital of which of the following?
Definition
South Vietnam
Term
Before Vietnam was split into North and South Vietnam around 1600, it was under the control of which of the following countries?
Definition
China
Term
Vietnam rebelled against both China and France when they were under the other countries' rule.
Definition
True
Term
The Vietnam War resulted in converting Vietnam into a democratic country.
Definition
False
Term
It was never proven that two U.S. destroyers were actually attacked by the North Vietnamese in August 1964.
Definition
True
Term
What was Operation Rolling Thunder intended to do?
Definition
Bomb Viet Cong targets until Ho Chi Minh's forces retreat
Term
Dividing Vietnam into North and South Vietnam resulted in peace with the country but did not stop other countries from becoming involved with Vietnam's politics.
Definition
False
Term
Who moved the capital of Vietnam to Saigon?
Definition
France
Term
In dealing with the Soviet Union's desire to spread communism, which of the following could be an example of containment?
Definition
Ensuring all countries surrounding the Soviet Union are solidly democratic
Term
Whose idea was containment?
Definition
George F. Kennan
Term
What does deter mean?
Definition
Delay
Term
Which of the following encouraged President Johnson to become more involved in the conflict in Vietnam?
Definition
Gulf of Tonkin Incident
Term
The United States agreed to assist Vietnam in fighting Japan because it supported the spread of communism.
Definition
False
Term
Which of the following put an official end to U.S. involvement in Vietnam in March 1973?
Definition
Paris Peace Accords
Term
Which generation was extremely active in protesting against the Vietnam War?
Definition
Baby Boom
Term
Which of the following was used to clear out dense vegetation, revealing hidden Viet Cong troops?
Definition
Agent Orange
Term
Which of the following was sprayed by low flying airplanes during the Vietnam War, destroying everything in its path?
Definition
Napalm
Term
Due to the Vietnam War, the U.S. government lost credibility with its public.
Definition
True
Term
The United States' use of chemical weapons, such as Agent Orange, during the Vietnam War is thought to have caused many medical problems.
Definition
True
Term
Senator J. William Fulbright was known for his staunch oppositioin of America's involvement in the Vietnam War.
Definition
True
Term
Which of the following requires the president to inform Congress of any and all secret military campaigns?
Definition
War Powers Act
Term
What generation came out of World War II?
Definition
Baby Boom
Term
A group of three boys are teasing a classmate. When the teacher scolds them, two of the boys put all the blame on the third. Which of the following could we call this third boy?
Definition
Scapegoat
Term
While Americanization of the Vietnam War involved sending American troops into Vietnam, Vietnamization meant bringing American troops back home.
Definition
True
Term
To which country did Nixon give a Most Favored-Nation Status in 1972?
Definition
China
Term
In 1975, Vietnam was united under one rule. Whose rule was that?
Definition
North Vietnam
Term
President Johnson prohibited the use of chemical warfare during the Vietnam War.
Definition
False
Term
Immediately upon his inauguration, President Nixon pulled all American troops out of Vietnam and put the war behind him.
Definition
False
Term
In July of 1976, the two Vietnamese countries were officially united as what?
Definition
Socialist Republic of Vietnam
Term
Upon captureing Hanoi, Vietnam was declared an independent country.
Definition
True
Term
Hue was the capital of which of the following?
Definition
South Vietnam
Term
Who moved the capital of Vietnam to Saigon?
Definition
France
Term
According to the War Powers Act, the President of the United States can go to war for how many days without the approval of Congress?
Definition
60 to 90 days
Term
As the spread of communism picked up in the late 1940s, how did the U.S.'s national security advisers react?
Definition
NSC-68, a memo to Truman to build up the US military.
Term
Where is Saigon located?
Definition
South Vietnam
Term
Which of the following was established in an effort to build up U.S. military forces?
Definition
NSC-68
Term
Minimizing the influence of a particular source through separation is called containment.
Definition
True
Term
Hundreds of thousands of American soldiers were sent into Vietnam during the war. What did President Johnson call this?
Definition
Americanization
Term
Which of the following is an example of a cease-fire?
Definition
To end all military actions against your opponent
Term
Who was responsible for sending the first American troops into South Vietnam?
Definition
General Westmoreland
Term
Which three countries did France combine to create French Indochina?
Definition
Cambodia, Laos, and Vietnam
Term
President Johnson didn't run for reelection; who became President in 1969?
Definition
President Nixon
Term
China forced the unwilling Vietnam to divide into two parts: North Vietnam and South Vietnam.
Definition
False
Term
The Gulf of Tonkin Resolution was passed unanimously by Congress.
Definition
False
Term
The name of the newly independent Vietnam was the Democratic Republic of Vietnam, or the DRV.
Definition
True
Term
Which of the following similes did President Eisenhower use to describe the spread of communism?
Definition
Like dominoes knock themselves over, countries are falling one after another to communism.
Term
It has not been proven that the Command Office of South Vietnam (COSVN) ever actually existed.
Definition
True
Term
The May 1970 demonstrations at Kent State resulted in four student deaths.
Definition
True
Term
What was antiwar culture called?
Definition
Counterculture
Term
The American public strongly supported President Johnson in the country's involvement in Vietnam.
Definition
False
Term
On this Vietnamese holiday, the Viet Cong attacked 27 U.S. and South Vietnamese bases at once.
Definition
Tet, Vietnamese New Year
Term
The United States didn't find the Command Office of South Vietnam (COSVN) until after the war.
Definition
False
Term
Why did President Carter boycott the 1980 Moscow Olympics?
Definition
President Carter was protesting against Soviet aggression in Afghanistan.
Term
What does it mean to grant a pardon?
Definition
Offer forgiveness
Term
Which of the following did Nixon accomplish while in office?
Definition
Put an end to the draft
Term
Who established the Department of Education?
Definition
Carter
Term
What is the peace agreement between Israel’s Menachem Begin and Egypt’s Anwar Sadat mediated by President Carter in 1978?
Definition
Camp David Accords
Term
Who did Gerald Ford replace as Vice President?
Definition
Spiro Agnew
Term
Why did Ford grant Nixon a pardon?
Definition
He wanted to encourage the American people to move on to the nation's other problems.
Term
President Ford continued the policy of détente with which of the following countries?
Definition
Russia
Term
What was the agreement the United States made with China in 1971?
Definition
Shanghai Communiqué
Term
Who was held responsible for the break-ins at the Democratic National Committee offices in 1972?
Definition
Committee to Re-Elect the President
Term
To whom can the following quote be credited? But it is not the ultimate fate of Richard Nixon that most concerns me, though surely it deeply troubles every decent and every compassionate person. "My concern is the immediate future of this great country."
Definition
Gerald Ford
Term
Which of the following served as proof of Nixon's involvement in various scandals?
Definition
Tape Recordings
Term
Who replaced Vice President Spiro T. Agnew when he resigned?
Definition
Gerald Ford
Term
Ronald Reagan ordered the bombing of which country in an effort to yield international terrorism?
Definition
Libya
Term
President George H.W. Bush compared Saddam Hussein with what totalitarian leader?
Definition
Hitler
Term
What promise to the American people did George H.W. Bush fail to uphold?
Definition
Not to raise taxes
Term
Who was Vice Presdient under the Reagan administration?
Definition
George Bush
Term
In the 1991 Gulf War, what happened after Kuwait was liberated?
Definition
American troops ceased operations, allowing Hussein to stay in power.
Term
Iraq invaded Kuwait claiming that Kuwait was illegally drilling Iraqi oil reserves; the United States stepped in to defend Kuwait. What war was this?
Definition
Gulf War
Term
What made 1991 a notable year in cold war history?
Definition
The collapse of the Soviet Union
Term
Which state did the U.S. conduct most of its nuclear tests in?
Definition
Nevada
Term
Which President was involved in the Iran-Contra scandal?
Definition
Reagan
Term
What was at the center of the Iran-Contra scandal?
Definition
Arms for hostages
Term
Who was responsible for the TWA Flight 847 hijacking?
Definition
Islamic terrorists
Term
How did the attempted assassination of President Reagan affect his popularity with the American public?
Definition
His popularity soared due to his graceful handling of the situation.
Term
President Reagan sought to improve relations with which country through fireside chats with Mikhail Gorbachev?
Definition
Soviet Union
Term
Which of the following phrases best describes Reagan's foreign policy?
Definition
Peace through strength
Term
Who won the presidential election of 1992?
Definition
Bill Clinton
Term
Nixon had a true interest in international affairs.
Definition
True
Term
Who was Nixon's Secretary of State?
Definition
Kissinger
Term
Why did Spiro Agnew resign in 1973?
Definition
Agnew was undergoing investigation after being accused of income tax evasion.
Term
Despite his own vibrant personality, President Reagan was unable to restore self-confidence in the American public after the Iran Hostage Crisis.
Definition
False
Term
What ideological system did Reagan want to defeat?
Definition
Communism
Term
Why were many immigrants welcome in the Southwest and California after 1965?
Definition
They were needed to fill certain jobs
Term
President Ford quickly replaced most of Nixon's staff with his own people.
Definition
True
Term
What caused the cold war leaders to hesitate to use nuclear weapons?
Definition
Their overwhelming destructive power
Term
What does the term hegemony mean?
Definition
Domination
Term
What did President Regan do after publically denying his secret deal with Iran?
Definition
Admitted that he made a mistake
Term
Ford was suspected of having made a "deal" with the former president to pardon him if he would resign, but those allegations were never proven.
Definition
True
Term
Nixon reorganized the White House in order to give himself more time dealing in domestic affairs.
Definition
False
Term
What does it mean to grant a pardon?
Definition
Offer forgiveness
Term
Vice President Spiro T. Agnew resigned as a result of the Watergate Scandal.
Definition
False
Term
Who was held responsible for the break-ins at the Democratic National Committee offices in 1972?
Definition
Committee to Re-Elect the President
Term
President Carter was fairly unsuccessful in negotiating with Congress.
Definition
True
Term
President George H.W. Bush explained that the Gulf War was about what?
Definition
Standing up to aggressors
Term
Whom did Gerald Ford nominate for vice president in 1974?
Definition
Nelson Rockefeller
Term
Which factor led to rise of the Moral Majority?
Definition
All of the above
Term
Iraq invaded Kuwait claiming that Kuwait was illegally drilling Iraqi oil reserves; the United States stepped in to defend Kuwait. What war was this?
Definition
Gulf War
Term
With which country did the United States enter into the SALT II nuclear limitation treaty in 1972
Definition
Soviet Union
Term
Approximately how long was President Reagan in office before he suffered from an attempted assassination?
Definition
2 Months
Term
Despite pressure from Congress to do so, President Carter refused to relinquish control of the Panama Canal.
Definition
False
Term
What country did NOT join NATO in the 1990s?
Definition
Serbia
Term
What word best describes the twelve years of presidential power before Bill Clinton was elected?
Definition
Conservative
Term
What position did Bill Clinton hold prior to becoming President of the United States?
Definition
Govenor of Arkansas
Term
Who brokered peace in Ireland during the 1990s?
Definition
Senator George Mitchell
Term
What was the state of the economy during the 1992 presidential race?
Definition
Recession
Term
How can Bill Clinton's foreign policy best be described?
Definition
To negotiate with other countries
Term
What Georgia representative supported the Contract with America?
Definition
Newt Gingrich
Term
What was the basic Republican platform during the 1994 mid-term elections?
Definition
Slash social programs and balance the budget
Term
What country was the U.S. hostile toward during the Cold War?
Definition
Soviet Union
Term
What agreement ended fighting in the Balkans in the 1990s?
Definition
Dayton Peace Accord
Term
What did the Contract with America pledge?
Definition
To decrease the size of government
Term
What is the U.S.S. Cole?
Definition
A Navy warship
Term
Who was the forty-second president of the United States?
Definition
William Jefferson Clinton
Term
What did the U.S. do during the Cold War?
Definition
Prepared for war by increasing arms
Term
What military headquarters building was damaged by a terrorist attack on September 11, 2001?
Definition
Pentagon
Term
What is Bill Gates known for?
Definition
Developing Microsoft software
Term
What is genetic engineering?
Definition
Manipulation of the molecular biology of an organism
Term
Why did one of the hijacked planes miss its target on September 11, 2001?
Definition
The passengers fought back.
Term
How many school-age children had access to computers at school or at home in 2000?
Definition
90%
Term
What is the World Wide Web?
Definition
Global collection of documents.
Term
During what decade did the Internet become widely available?
Definition
1990s
Term
Where did democracy originate?
Definition
Ancient Greece
Term
What did the terrorists use as weapons on September 11, 2001?
Definition
Airplanes
Term
According to the second sentence of the Declaration of Independence, "all men are created _________."
Definition
Equal
Term
What belief does Barack Obama add to the definition of our American identity?
Definition
A belief in our connectedness as one people
Term
What New York landmark was destroyed by terrorists on September 11, 2001?
Definition
World Trade Center
Term
Of the following, what best describes American individualism?
Definition
Of the following, what best describes American individualism?
Term
What occurred in the U.S. after September 11, 2001?
Definition
The U.S. Patriot Act was passed.
Term
According to Harold Ickes, what best describes an American?
Definition
A person who will make sacrifices to secure his liberty
Term
The Patriot Act helps law enforcement agencies fight terrorism.
Definition
True
Term
During the late 1990s, where did the second-largest group of immigrants come from?
Definition
Asia
Term
President Bill Clinton was impeached.
Definition
true
Term
What was NAFTA's purpose?
Definition
To increase trade with Canada and Mexico
Term
To increase trade with Canada and Mexico
Definition
Land-owning male citizens
Term
Where was Osama bin Laden suspected of hiding after the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001?
Definition
Afganistan
Term
Countries from what area joined NATO along with Canada and the United States?
Definition
Europe
Term
What attracts immigrants to large cities?
Definition
Familiar foods and customs
Term
What challenges did Bill Clinton have during his second term?
Definition
Scandal over personal involvement with an intern
Term
What was the purpose of Operation Iraqi Freedom?
Definition
To free Iraq from the rule of Saddam Hussein
Term
What industry emerged as the United States efficiently globalized?
Definition
Information technology
Term
Terrorists are people living outside the U.S. who target Americans for attacks.
Definition
False
Term
Who ran on the Democratic ticket during the 2000 presidential election?
Definition
Al Gore
Term
Who won the popular vote during the 2000 presidential election?
Definition
Al Gore
Term
Where were troops deployed on September 17, 2001?
Definition
Afghanistan
Term
Why was the role of NATO questioned during the 1990s?
Definition
It seemed unnecessary after the fall of the Soviet Union.
Term
The Senate convicted Clinton of "high crimes and misdemeanors."
Definition
False
Term
What organization did the World Trade Organization replace?
Definition
GATT
Term
The 9/11 terrorist attacks strengthened the U.S. economy
Definition
False
Term
What word best describes the role of economic policy in the 1990s?
Definition
Globalization
Term
Under what President did Condoleezza Rice serve as Secretary of State?
Definition
George W. Bush
Term
Under what President did Condoleezza Rice serve as Secretary of State?
Definition
Al Qaeda
Term
What type of group is al Qaeda?
Definition
Terrorist
Term
Why did the U.N. Security Council inspect the weapons arsenal in Iraq?
Definition
Why did the U.N. Security Council inspect the weapons arsenal in Iraq?
Term
In what decade did women receive full voting rights?
Definition
1920s