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American History B
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408
History
03/08/2012

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Term
What term describes Britain, France, Russia, and other countries that joined them during World War I?
Definition
Allied Powers
Term
Which American president was in office during World War I?
Definition
Woodrow Wilson
Term
Which of the following was a serious concern of the Triple Entente?
Definition
Germany's growing nationalism
Term
What term was used to describe World War I at the time of the war?
Definition
The Great War
Term
Which of the following events triggered the start of World War I?
Definition
Assassination of Ferdinand
Term
Which of the following countries was a part of the Central Powers during World War I?
Definition
Austria-Hungary
Term
Which of the following happened first during World War I?
Definition
Austria-Hungary declared war on Serbia.
Term
What did Austria-Hungary do as a result of Archduke Franz Ferdinand's assassination?
Definition
Declared war on Serbia
Term
What term describes the feeling of pride that Americans may feel toward their country?
Definition
Nationalism
Term
What is it called when one country gains control over another territory?
Definition
Imperialism
Term
Which of the following countries fought against Germany during World War I?
Definition
Belgium
Term
Approximately when did World War I occur?
Definition
1910s
Term
What was the main purpose of the alliance system?
Definition
To balance political power across countries
Term
Which one of the following best defines nationalism?
Definition
Putting your own country's needs and interests before that of other countries
Term
Who was responsible for killing Austria-Hungary ruler Archduke Franz Ferdinand?
Definition
Black Hand
Term
Which two countries encouraged America to enter the war because they needed fresh troops?
Definition
Britain and France
Term
Which World War I ship was sunk in violation of the rules of neutrality?
Definition
Lusitania
Term
During World War I, which one of the following was required to raise funds to supply the U.S. Army?
Definition
Liberty bonds
Term
Why did Wilson feel it necessary to convince other countries to accept his plan?
Definition
Other countries preferred to punish the Central Powers for their part in World War I.
Term
What term identifies one country's responsibility to pay for the damage it has done to another country?
Definition
Reparation
Term
The leader of the American Expeditionary Forces (AEF), John J. Pershing, was also known for pursuing Pancho Villa through Mexico.
Definition
True
Term
When the Lusitania sank, President Wilson was furious and blamed *BLANK* for the attack.
Definition
Germany
Term
Which of the following resulted in Russia leaving the war?
Definition
The Bolshevik Revolution
Term
To mobilize for war, which one of the following did America have to do?
Definition
Pass the Selective Service Act
Term
When Russia pulled out of the war, what advantage did that give to Germany?
Definition
Germans were now able to surge forward on the western fronts, and so they launched several attacks.
Term
Liberty bonds were sold during World War I to help support the Committee for Public Information
Definition
False
Term
What is the term for the document that the Central Powers signed that resulted in a cease-fire?
Definition
Armistice
Term
Which of the following countries is most known for its accomplished naval force?
Definition
Britain
Term
Which type of warfare led to a stalemate during World War I?
Definition
Trench warfare
Term
What was President Wilson's reason for his plan to rebuild Europe without destroying its countries?
Definition
To prevent future wars from happening as the result of continued disputes
Term
Which country was blamed for sinking the Lusitania?
Definition
Germany
Term
During World War I, more civilian tragedies occurred during trench warfare than any other type of warfare.
Definition
False
Term
During World War I, more civilian tragedies occurred during trench warfare than any other type of warfare.
Definition
False
Term
One country gains control over another territory through some means
Definition
Imperialism
Term
What was the longest battle of World War I?
Definition
Battle of Verdun
Term
Of the following, which were the two reasons why the U.S. joined World War I?
Definition
Breaking of the Sussex Pledge and the Zimmerman Note
Term
As a direct result of pressure from the AEF, Russians revolted against their own government, the event which is known today as the Bolshevik Revolution.
Definition
False
Term
Countries that form partnerships known as alliances do so for which one of the following reasons?
Definition
Prevent any one country from dominating political affairs
Term
Which term means that a nation has forced its way into another country, and taken over territorial and governmental control?
Definition
Militarism
Term
Nationalism could be both a positive and a negative force within or between nations.
Definition
True
Term
In which treaty did Russia give up possession of Finland, Estonia, and other countries?
Definition
The Treaty of Brest-Litovsk
Term
Which President's vow to remain neutral in World War I helped him to get elected?
Definition
Wilson
Term
During World War I, the United States joined the Allied Powers and fought against Austria-Hungary, Germany, and the Ottoman Empire.
Definition
True
Term
What does mobilize mean?
Definition
To prepare a country for war
Term
President Wilson's plan to rebuild Europe without destroying any countries was known as the Fourteen Points.
Definition
True
Term
The building up of troops and arms by one country, often in an effort to claim territory, is referred to as which of the following?
Definition
Militarism
Term
What was the Schlieffen Plan?
Definition
Germany's plan to take France quickly and move on to Russia
Term
The first American victory against the Germans took place at Chateau-thierry in which battle?
Definition
The Second Battle of the Marne
Term
Which of the following was one of Britain's most important allies during World War I?
Definition
France
Term
What was the land between two opposing trenches called?
Definition
No man's land
Term
What organization did Wilson want to see formed in order to further his Fourteen Points?
Definition
League of Nations
Term
What is the strategy of putting all a country's resources toward a war?
Definition
Total warfare
Term
A person feels a connection with and a responsibility towards a particular country
Definition
Nationalism
Term
Germany and Austria-Hungary, and other countries joined to form the *BLANK*.
Definition
Central Powers
Term
Which one of the following is NOT associated with Red Summer of 1919?
Definition
Garvey Race Riot
Term
In 1917, what was the result of Americans having associated the philosophy of Karl Marx and Vladimir Lenin with American socialists who sought a peaceful transition to a new democratic state?
Definition
Red Scare
Term
What name is given to the process a country goes through in trying to regain normalcy after having been involved in a war?
Definition
Demobilization
Term
What is the name of the philosophical work by Karl Marx that claimed the working class would overthrow their government?
Definition
Communist Manifesto
Term
Prohibition made drinking illegal, but it did not stop many people from drinking.
Definition
True
Term
In 1920, which two individuals were arrested and tried because a crime had been committed in which the criminals looked like they were Italians?
Definition
Sacco and Vanzetti
Term
Due to the process involved in returning to a normal state of affairs after a war, the United States economy was in crisis before the start of the Roaring Twenties.
Definition
True
Term
The founder of the company who built the Model-T was also known for inventing the assembly line.
Definition
True
Term
Which company owner's industry flourished during the Roaring Twenties as a result of his own innovation in production and modernization?
Definition
Henry Ford
Term
Eugene Williams was a victim whose death helped to spur which one of the following during the summer of 1919?
Definition
Chicago Race Riot
Term
Which one of the following best defines the term anarchist?
Definition
Anyone who does not believe in governmental authority
Term
What riot was started in the summer of 1919 by a shooting at a union organization meeting for African-American sharecroppers?
Definition
Elaine Race Riot
Term
The Great Migration was named such because of the influx of immigrants that came to the U.S. during the Roaring Twenties.
Definition
False
Term
What was the main effect of the passage of the Twenty-first Amendment?
Definition
It eliminated prohibition.
Term
Why were some women of the Roaring Twenties called Flappers?
Definition
They challenged and often worked against the social norms of the time.
Term
Which president during the Roaring Twenties supported business by supporting high tariffs?
Definition
Warren G. Harding
Term
What was the event that involved government oil reserves leases and bribery later to become known as?
Definition
Teapot Dome Scandal
Term
Warren G. Harding was elected to the presidency on a platform that has come to be known as which of the following?
Definition
Return-to-normalcy platform
Term
Which one of the following best describes the Revenue Act of 1926?
Definition
A bill aimed at reducing taxes for the richest in the country
Term
Which president was responsible for passing the law that eliminated taxes for the wealthy on monetary gifts and reduced estate taxes?
Definition
Calvin Coolidge
Term
Conservatives who did not like the moral changes in society were known as preachers.
Definition
False
Term
Originally termed, "The New Negro Movement," what was this time during the Roaring Twenties later called?
Definition
Harlem Renaissance
Term
Fundamentalists strongly opposed Prohibition.
Definition
False
Term
The Scopes Trial made it legal to teach fundamentalism in school.
Definition
False
Term
Fundamentalism gave rise to the return of revivalist preachers.
Definition
True
Term
Fundamentalism means a literal or direct interpretation of the Bible.
Definition
True
Term
Which one of the following was a baseball player turned fundamentalist preacher?
Definition
Billy Sunday
Term
Which president had also been Secretary of Commerce under another president and felt comfortable that prosperity would continue for some time to come?
Definition
Herbert Hoover
Term
In the 1920s, the Secretary of the Treasurer presented a bill to Congress that appeared to be a simple reduction in income taxes for all, but ended up favoring the rich and burdening the poor. What was this bill called?
Definition
Mellon Plan
Term
Which one of the following was not involved in the Scopes Trial?
Definition
Aimee Semple
Term
What is the name of the biology teacher who decided to take on the state of Tennessee and teach evolution in class?
Definition
John Scopes
Term
This president ran on the election platform of continued economic success, but was unable to live up to that promise.
Definition
Hoover
Term
Based on the 1910 census, which law passed by Congress restricted immigration by nationality to just 3%?
Definition
Emergency Quota Act
Term
Aimee Semple was the first female fire-and-brimstone preacher.
Definition
False
Term
Which law discriminated against Europeans because it set immigration restrictions to 2% of the census taken in 1890?
Definition
Immigration Act of 1924
Term
Which one of the following preachers claimed to have been kidnapped?
Definition
Aimee Semple
Term
The latter years of this president’s time in office were scandalous ones, the Teapot Dome Scandal being one of the biggest.
Definition
Harding
Term
What Russian event caused Russia to pull out of World War I and was also the result of Karl Marx's influence on Lenin?
Definition
Bolshevik Revolution
Term
What is the name given to identify an irrational fear of foreigners?
Definition
Xenophobia
Term
How did the booming industry in the 1920s affect the daily life of Americans?
Definition
It made household appliances more affordable.
Term
Who was the Jamaican immigrant set on building an independent state in Africa for African-Americans?
Definition
Marcus Garvey
Term
The Twenty-first Amendment made it illegal to have or transport alcohol.
Definition
False
Term
The only workers not affected by demobilization after World War I were farmers.
Definition
False
Term
What was the main and initial conflict that propelled prohibition?
Definition
A clash between urban and country values
Term
What aspect of prohibition furthered the rise of crime bosses and mobs?
Definition
Bootlegging
Term
Which one of the following would NOT be associated with a flapper of the Roaring Twenties?
Definition
Supporting fundamentalist beliefs
Term
Greater independence for women was also part of the Jazz Age.
Definition
True
Term
What is the name given to the production technique in which the parts are moved to the individual instead of the worker going after the parts?
Definition
Assembly line
Term
The Great Depression occurred while this President was in office.
Definition
Hoover
Term
Within the first eight months of this President’s term, the stock market plummeted, causing a dramatic fall in the country’s economy.
Definition
Hoover
Term
Who was responsible for resurrecting the KKK during the Roaring Twenties?
Definition
William Joseph Simmons
Term
From 1918-1921, many raids and arrests took place that were designed to capture communist radicals in the U.S. Who was considered responsible for these raids?
Definition
Mitchell Palmer
Term
This isolationist President did not support America’s involvement in world affairs.
Definition
Harding
Term
The Great Migration was at least in part the result of people's need for jobs and freedom.
Definition
True
Term
How does the stock market affect businesses?
Definition
Businesses can sell stock to increase their funding, allowing for growth and expansion.
Term
The crash of the stock market in 1929 had a renewing effect on the economy as it freed a great deal of money for other uses.
Definition
False
Term
Businesses sell shares of ownership in their company by issuing which of the following?
Definition
Stock
Term
The goal of one of Roosevelt's programs was to provide unemployment insurance to workers. Which program was this?
Definition
Social Security Act
Term
When production increases, what happens to the gross national product (GNP)?
Definition
The GNP increases.
Term
The gross national product (GNP) is a measure of the rate of production in the United States.
Definition
True
Term
Which of the following is TRUE of American society BEFORE the stock market crash of the 1930s?
Definition
The stock market was becoming more and more available and therefore more popular.
Term
Which program did Roosevelt put into effect in order to restore confidence in the banking system?
Definition
Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation
Term
When people spend money they don’t have by taking out loans, which of the following is a probable outcome when looking at the big picture?
Definition
Economy would fail
Term
After the stock market crash, banks
Definition
lost money and closed.
Term
President Hoover was blamed by many for the suffering experienced during the Great Depression.
Definition
True
Term
Which of the following helped pull the U.S. out of the Great Depression by increasing production, employment, and sales?
Definition
Start of World War II
Term
The relief, recovery, and reform programs instituted by President Roosevelt came to be known by what name?
Definition
New Deal
Term
Franklin Roosevelt was elected as president primarily because people were unhappy with the way Hoover had responded to the suffering masses.
Definition
True
Term
Of the following, which is NOT considered one of the causes of the Great Depression?
Definition
Lower class citizens took advantage of the welfare system, resulting in a false distribution of money.
Term
When the country's gross national product (GNP) is high, employment opportunity is most likely high as well.
Definition
True
Term
What is it called when, within a short period of time, masses of people withdraw all their money from their accounts in fear that the banks will collapse?
Definition
Bank runs
Term
Where do banks keep the majority of the deposits made by their customers?
Definition
It is sent to the appropriate Federal Reserve Bank.
Term
During the great crash, unemployment caused a reduction in consumer purchases, which generally caused unemployment to raise even further.
Definition
True
Term
Roosevelt actively worked to help the suffering public even before he was elected to the presidency.
Definition
True
Term
Which of the following statements is a TRUE of America at the end of 1928?
Definition
Americans believed that the good times would never end.
Term
Although things looked pretty good by the end of 1928, most of the population foresaw the bad times that were coming.
Definition
False
Term
When the country's gross national product (GNP) is high, employment opportunity is most likely high as well.
Definition
True
Term
If companies are forced to downsize, which of the following is mostly likely to happen?
Definition
Stocks would decrease.
Term
ManyRepublicans believed Roosevelt was granting himself too much power through his New Deal programs.
Definition
True
Term
Despite the horrific economic conditions, the gross national product (GNP) in the U.S. only fell a couple percentage points from 1929 to 1934.
Definition
False
Term
Which of the following statements is a TRUE of America in the 1920s?
Definition
Society was setting itself up for a dramatic economic fall, but, due to a general unawareness, optimism remained high.
Term
Of the programs that Roosevelt instituted in order to provide relief to the country during the Great Depression, which one was aimed at putting people back to work?
Definition
Civil Works Administration
Term
A production growth from $43 billion to $83 billion would be considered which of the following?
Definition
Increase in gross national product
Term
When local agencies needed funds to provide relief to suffering people, which Roosevelt administration program could they turn to?
Definition
Federal Emergency Relief Administration
Term
How did President Hoover respond to the onset of the Great Depression?
Definition
Hoover did nothing in response to the steep rise in unemployment.
Term
Which of the following can be considered part of the reason for the stock market crash in 1929?
Definition
Consumers relied too much on the use of credit, so they overspent.
Term
Which of the following is one cause of the Dust Bowl?
Definition
Severe lack of rainfall
Term
Which of the following saw more than 5,500 closings during the Great Depression?
Definition
Banks
Term
During the 1920s, it became a common practice to take out a loan in order to buy shares in a company. What was this practice called?
Definition
Buying on margin
Term
Which of the following was a direct result of the Dust Bowl?
Definition
More than 60% of farmers lost their farms.
Term
One effect of the stock market crash was that people could not pay their bank loans, ultimately leading to a run on banks.
Definition
True
Term
After World War I, European countries were hesitant to get involved in armed conflict so they chose to negotiate with aggressive nations.
Definition
True
Term
Hitler was a native-born German, making his rise to power in the Nazi party quick and easy.
Definition
False
Term
Which area did Hitler ask for Great Britain's help in invading?
Definition
Sudetenland
Term
Was the founder of the Fascist movement
Definition
Benito Mussolini
Term
Established Nazism in Germany
Definition
Adolf Hitler
Term
Adolf Hitler used his power over the National Socialist German Workers' party to help enforce the Treaty of Versailles.
Definition
False
Term
Pushed the Enabling Act through legislation, gaining ultimate power
Definition
Adolf Hitler
Term
Known for his hatred and persecution of Jews
Definition
Adolf Hitler
Term
What military strategy did Hitler follow in order to ensure he could safely invade other countries?
Definition
He entered a non-agression treaty with some countries that let each of them invade other countries.
Term
The conference that kept Czechoslovakia independent but placed Sudetenland under German control was known by what name?
Definition
Munich Conference
Term
Why was Winston Churchill opposed to the appeasement policy of the 1930s?
Definition
He felt it would lead to the Axis domination of Western Europe.
Term
When one country tries to prevent war by attempting to bribe another country to keep the peace, this is known as which one of the following?
Definition
Appeasement
Term
The agreement between Hitler and Stalin that allowed Hitler to quickly conquer Poland was known as the Blitzkrieg.
Definition
False
Term
Under whose leadership did Hitler's plans for Europe's domination suffer its first defeat?
Definition
Churchill
Term
After the invasion of Poland in 1939, Great Britain and France declared war on Germany. Why didn't the United States also enter the war at this time?
Definition
American public opinion was firmly against joining the war.
Term
When General Tojo Hideki came to power in Japan, he warned America to remain neutral in the war.
Definition
False
Term
Which 1941 Congressional act made it possible for an otherwise neutral U.S. to give aid to countries considered vital to the U.S.?
Definition
Lend-Lease
Term
Who replaced President Roosevelt and had the responsibility for bringing the U.S. back into peacetime restoration?
Definition
Harry Truman
Term
Around 10,000 Filipino and 600 captured American troops died in which event of World War II?
Definition
Bataan Death March
Term
Led by Hitler, the *BLANK* was a mass genocide of Jewish people in Germany.
Definition
Holocaust
Term
Who was the Japanese leader responsible for the attack on America at Pearl harbor?
Definition
Hideki
Term
Who is credited with the line, "I shall return"?
Definition
General Douglas MacArthur
Term
America entered World War II in 1941 when Germany attacked U.S. ships in Hawaii.
Definition
False
Term
What was the term given to German prisons where non-Aryans and those not deemed fit to be Aryans, such as Gypsies, were executed?
Definition
Concentration Camps
Term
On what date did the attack on American ships and soldiers at Pearl Harbor occur?
Definition
December 7, 1941
Term
What does the term "Double V" stand for?
Definition
Victory at home and victory abroad
Term
Which laws were passed in Germany that outlawed interracial marriages that involved Jews?
Definition
Neuremberg
Term
What happened to American industry during World War II?
Definition
Production of military supplies increased dramatically.
Term
Which event of World War II took place near Australia and resulted in defeating the Japanese attempt to take New Guinea?
Definition
Battle of the Coral Sea
Term
Sought to create a completely communist government in the Soviet Union
Definition
Josef Stalin
Term
Why did Franklin Roosevelt publically support neutrality before the United States entered the war?
Definition
He knew that the American people did not want to get involved in the war.
Term
The term used to define the systematic elimination of people due to their race is known by which of the following names?
Definition
Genocide
Term
The acts passed by Congress that forbid aiding aggressive countries were known as which of the following?
Definition
Neutrality Acts
Term
Which victory in the Pacific gave the U.S. forces a strategic location from which to begin moving one island at a time closer to Japan?
Definition
Guadalcanal
Term
During which Pacific ocean battle of World War II did the U.S. Navy have its first real advantage over the Japanese due to the U.S. having cracked the Japanese's codes?
Definition
Battle of the Coral Sea
Term
Hitler was the chief architect of fascism.
Definition
False
Term
Followed the Hitler's lead in his adoption of anti-Semitic views
Definition
Benito Mussolini
Term
Rose to power under Vladimir Lenin
Definition
Josef Stalin
Term
Which country was not part of the Allied Powers during World War II?
Definition
Germany
Term
Wasn’t a part of the Tripartite Pact
Definition
Josef Stalin
Term
Genocide is the systematic movement of one race of people from one country to another.
Definition
False
Term
Why did several European countries feel it necessary to agree to Hitler's demand to free the people of Sudetenland?
Definition
They had been devastated by World War I and prefered to appease rather than fight Hitler, believing it would forever satisfy his imperialist desires.
Term
Which country was not affected in any way by the Nazi-Soviet Non-Aggression Pact?
Definition
England
Term
On what date did the attack on American ships and soldiers at Pearl Harbor occur?
Definition
December 7, 1941
Term
Under whose leadership did Hitler's plans for Europe's domination suffer its first defeat?
Definition
Churchill
Term
What was the outcome of Executive Order 9066 signed by Franklin Roosevelt?
Definition
Japanese Americans were relocated to internment camps.
Term
After the invasion of Poland in 1939, Great Britain and France declared war on Germany. Why didn't the United States also enter the war at this time?
Definition
American public opinion was firmly against joining the war.
Term
When General Tojo Hideki came to power in Japan, he warned America to remain neutral in the war.
Definition
False
Term
After being attacked by Germany, Poland signed the Nazi-Allies Non-Aggression Pact.
Definition
False
Term
Is sent by the German government to investigate the German Workers’ Party
Definition
Adolf Hitler
Term
General Douglas MacArthur was in charge of the American and Fillipino forces in the Phillipines when the Japanese attacked.
Definition
True
Term
Hitler's persecution of Jews began in 1938 on a night that has been come to be known as Kristallnacht because of the amount of broken glass.
Definition
True
Term
Why were Navajo Indians used as radio operators for the Marines during World War II?
Definition
Their language couldn't be deciphered by the enemy.
Term
What term describes moving from one island to another by capturing them one at a time, moving closer to Japan with each success?
Definition
Island hopping
Term
Why did the Allied Powers choose to help rebuild Japan after the World War II?
Definition
To implement democracy in the country
Term
Believing that economic depression was at least one catalyst to the outbreak of World War II, what program did the U.S. institute to prevent further war resulting from economic woes?
Definition
Marshall Plan
Term
Which one of the following was the result of the Yalta Conference?
Definition
United Nations
Term
Which country served as the United States’ biggest opposition during the Cold War?
Definition
Russia
Term
The Cold War was a time in when communist nations and capitalist democracies mistrusted each other but avoided direct military confrontations.
Definition
True
Term
Which two countries did the U.S. support to prevent them from becoming communist countries as Stalin had wanted?
Definition
. Turkey and Greece
Term
Of the following, which is not one of the reasons the U.S. and Allies wanted to rebuild the Axis countries?
Definition
Communist rule
Term
Which policy was put forth by a U.S. president when Greece and Turkey were fighting communist uprisings in their countries and needed U.S. aid to defeat it?
Definition
Truman Doctrine
Term
What became the dividing line between North and South Korea even after advances and retreats by both forces?
Definition
The 38th parallel
Term
The Cold War was solely a *BLANK* war.
Definition
psychological
Term
What was not one of the reasons that Stalin held a grudge against the U.S. after World War II?
Definition
He considered the United State's association with Great Britain to be a potential future threat to the security of his country.
Question Number 14
Term
"What we have to consider here today while time remains, is the permanent prevention of war," is part of what speech given by Churchill?
Definition
The Iron Curtain speech
Term
How much did the U.S. loan to Greece and Turkey to fight communism as part of the U.S. policy's desire to aid countries trying to fight communism?
Definition
$400,000,000
Term
After World War II, Korea was split at the 38th parallel.
Definition
True
Term
Who was accused of passing atomic bomb secrets to the Soviets during World War II and later convicted and executed for spying?
Definition
The Rosenbergs
Term
South Korea was ruled by a communist dictator after the country was split into North Korea and South Korea.
Definition
False
Term
Which one of the following was not one of the reasons for the reoccurrence of the Red Scare?
Definition
The blacklisting initiated by the Soviet Union
Term
What was the difference in beliefs between Truman and MacArthur when it came to the Korean War?
Definition
MacArthur wanted total warfare against the North Koreans, even to the point of using nuclear weapons if possible, but Truman wanted to limit warfare.
Term
What is the term given to the fear of communism that took hold of the U.S. after World War II?
Definition
Red Scare
Term
What is the current status of the Korean War?
Definition
An official cease fire was declared so there was no real winner.
Term
Who was responsible for stopping the conflict in Korea?
Definition
Dwight D. Eisenhower
Term
Which of the following terms best describes the outcome of the Korean war?
Definition
Stalemate
Term
The Rosenbergs were U.S. leaders in the fight against communism at home.
Definition
False
Term
What was North Korea's stated reason for starting the Korean war?
Definition
They wanted to join the two halves together again to return to being one country.
Term
Under whose administration did the first red scare occur?
Definition
Woodrow Wilson
Term
The Soviet Scare was the term applied to a fear of anything communist.
Definition
False
Term
What was the purpose of the House on Un-American Activities Committee?
Definition
To root out communists in American society
Term
During which event were Nazi officers tried and convicted by war crimes?
Definition
Nuremberg Trials
Term
What was revealed during the trials of Nazi war criminals that eventually aided Israel?
Definition
Atrocities of the holocaust
Term
What was the United State's reason for getting involved in the Korean War?
Definition
To counter what they believed was the Soviet Unions' influence on and attempt to spread communism throughout Korea
Term
What became the dividing line between North and South Korea even after advances and retreats by both forces?
Definition
The 38th parallel
Term
Why was the Berlin Airlift necessary?
Definition
Because the Soviet Union's blockade was preventing food and supplies from reaching the city.
Term
Which leader in China did the U.S. support before and after it fell to communist forces?
Definition
Chang Kai-Shek
Term
The Security Council was a branch of the League of Nations developed to prevent the United Nations from succeeding.
Definition
False
Term
What was the Soviet Union's response to the creation of NATO?
Definition
Forming of the Warsaw Pact
Term
North Korea had South Korea's support in its efforts to reunite the two into a single country.
Definition
False
Term
Who was most responsible for ruining many U.S. government officials by labeling them as communists as a result of the company they kept?
Definition
Senator Joseph McCarthy
Term
Which leader was responsible for the U.S.'s refusal to recognize the People's Republic of China
Definition
Mao Tse-tung
Term
Why was the launching of the first artificial satellite to orbit the earth not a pleasant event for Americans?
Definition
They feared that a nuclear bomb could be sent to the U.S. via a rocket, the same thing which put the satellite into orbit.
Term
What was the name of the first artificial satellite to orbit the earth?
Definition
Sputnik
Term
What type of government did the United States want Poland and Germany adopt?
Definition
Democracy
Term
The Marshall Plan was the U.S.'s way of fighting communism by providing funds to those countries working towards or supporting communism.
Definition
False
Term
What type of government did Josef Stalin want Poland and Germany adopt?
Definition
Communism
Term
The Truman Doctrine was implemented as a way to help prevent the economic depression that led to World War II.
Definition
False
Term
What does the abbreviation "NATO" stand for?
Definition
North Atlantic Treaty Organization
Term
What was the result of the U.S., Britain, and France once again uniting the zones that they'd previously occupied and returning them to the people of that area?
Definition
Federal Republic of Germany
Term
Which of the following cannot be attributed to the Republican Senator from Wisconsin who claimed that hundreds of communists were active participants in the U.S. government?
Definition
House on Un-American Activities Committee
Term
Which of the following did not contribute to the birth of the fear of communism in the U.S. after World War II?
Definition
The Un-American Activities Committee activation
Term
What role did Joseph McCarthy play in the Red Scare?
Definition
He brought it to the forefront by accusing many politicians of being communists and homosexuals, adding to the nation's fear.
Term
Redlisting was the practice of denying work to actors, writers, and directors who may have been communists.
Definition
False
Term
Who was the defense attorney in the Scopes Trial who conducted what later came to be known as one of the most famous cross-examinations in history?
Definition
Clarence Darrow
Term
How does the stock market affect businesses?
Definition
Businesses can sell stock to increase their funding, allowing for growth and expansion.
Term
Which laws were passed in Germany that outlawed interracial marriages that involved Jews?
Definition
Neuremberg
Term
Which one of the following best describes the Cold War?
Definition
A psychological rather than physical battle
Term
Why were the events at Dunkirk in May and June of 1940 called miraculous?
Definition
The English were able to evacuate their troops who were trapped.
Term
What term describes Britain, France, Russia, and other countries that joined them during World War I?
Definition
Allied Powers
Term
Which of the following helped pull the U.S. out of the Great Depression by increasing production, employment, and sales?
Definition
Start of World War II
Term
The scandal over government oil reserves and revenue from secret leases fell under which one of these leader's watches?
Definition
Warren G. Harding
Term
Which of the following is said to measure the pulse of the economy?
Definition
Stock market
Term
Why did Hitler refer to Queen Elizabeth I as "the most dangerous woman in Europe"?
Definition
Her courage and determination was a morale boost for the English people.
Term
What was the difference in beliefs between Truman and MacArthur when it came to the Korean War?
Definition
MacArthur wanted total warfare against the North Koreans, even to the point of using nuclear weapons if possible, but Truman wanted to limit warfare.
Term
Which of the following events triggered the start of World War I?
Definition
Assassination of Ferdinand
Term
How did the everyday person’s life change as a result of the depression?
Definition
People lost money when banks closed; they couldn’t find jobs and many resorted to eating out of garbage cans.
Term
Why were Navajo Indians used as radio operators for the Marines during World War II?
Definition
Their language couldn't be deciphered by the enemy.
Term
When the United States became involved in World War I, on what country did they declare war?
Definition
Germany
Term
In which type of government does a single dictator maintain supreme power?
Definition
Totalitarian
Term
What is one way in which other countries contributed to the Great Depression in the U.S.?
Definition
European countries were still recovering from WWI and were unable to help.
Term
What military strategy did Hitler follow in order to ensure he could safely invade other countries?
Definition
He entered a non-agression treaty with some countries that let each of them invade other countries.
Term
On what date did the attack on American ships and soldiers at Pearl Harbor occur?
Definition
December 7, 1941
Term
"What we have to consider here today while time remains, is the permanent prevention of war," is part of what speech given by Churchill?
Definition
The Iron Curtain speech
Term
What was President Wilson's reason for his plan to rebuild Europe without destroying its countries?
Definition
To prevent future wars from happening as the result of continued disputes
Term
The acts passed by Congress that forbid aiding aggressive countries were known as which of the following?
Definition
Neutrality Acts
Term
Which of the following countries was a part of the Central Powers during World War I?
Definition
Austria-Hungary
Term
Which type of warfare led to a stalemate during World War I?
Definition
Trench warfare
Term
What is another name for a secret club that served alcohol during prohibition?
Definition
Speakeasy
Term
Which company owner's industry flourished during the Roaring Twenties as a result of his own innovation in production and modernization?
Definition
Henry Ford
Term
When it comes to casualties, what is significant about the U.S. versus all other primary countries involved in World War II?
Definition
The U.S. suffered no civilian casualties.
Term
What was NOT one of the reasons Stalin held a grudge against the U.S. after World War II?
Definition
He considered the United States' association with Great Britain to be a potential future threat to the security of his country.
Term
Which one of these presidents ran on a return-to-normalcy policy?
Definition
Warren G. Harding
Term
Which of the following did not contribute to the birth of the fear of communism in the U.S. after World War II?
Definition
The Un-American Activities Committee activation
Term
Which African- American is credited with starting the organization known as the Universal Negro Improvement Association?
Definition
Marcus Garvey
Term
Eugene Williams was a victim whose death helped to spur which one of the following during the summer of 1919?
Definition
Chicago Race Riot
Term
Which area did Hitler ask for Great Britain's help in invading?
Definition
Sudentenland
Term
Businesses sell shares of ownership in their company by issuing which of the following?
Definition
Stock
Term
Which of the following resulted in Russia pulling out of World War I?
Definition
The Bolshevik Revolution
Term
What was the main idea of Americanization?
Definition
To help foreigners assimilate into the U.S. mainstream or culture
Term
The goal of one of Roosevelt's programs was to provide unemployment insurance to workers. Which program was this?
Definition
Social Security Act
Term
Why did Wilson feel it necessary to convince other countries to accept his plan?
Definition
Other countries preferred to punish the Central Powers for their part in World War I.
Term
Who was selected as John F. Kennedy's running mate in the presidential election of 1960?
Definition
Lyndon B. Johnson
Term
The New Frontier Policy was established by Robert F. Kennedy.
Definition
False
Term
Which of the following was NOT instituted to deal with health issues of the underprivileged?
Definition
HUD
Term
Of the following, which one is not associated with the election of 1960?
Definition
Barry S. Goldwater
Term
HUD was created to address which issues?
Definition
Targeted housing issues
Term
Which of the following presidential candidates in the election of 1960 had served as vice president under Eisenhower?
Definition
Richard M. Nixon
Term
Which of the following best describes the result of the committee Johnson appointed to investigate Kennedy's assassination?
Definition
The commission determined that Lee Harvey Oswald acted alone
Term
Which two programs were successfully implemented during Kennedy's presidency?
Definition
Housing Act and Peace Corp
Term
The Alliance for Progress was part of Kennedy's New Frontier Policy.
Definition
False
Term
Which of President Kennedy's programs was implemented to aid developing countries?
Definition
Peace Corps
Term
Seniors today receive assistance with paying medical bills as the result of which one of Johnson's programs?
Definition
Medicare
Term
Jack Ruby was accussed of assasinating John F. Kennedy.
Definition
False
Term
Kennedy created an organization that provided $10 billion in economic aid to Central and South America, pulling them out of economic depression.
Definition
False
Term
Richard M. Nixon served as Attorney General and was responsible for raising minimum wage during his term.
Definition
False
Term
One of Johnson's programs that since has been the debate of many politicians was designed to assist the payment of medical expenses for people over age 65.
Definition
True
Term
Johnson's platform established to assist the poor in America was known as the Great Social Program.
Definition
False
Term
When Kruschev ordered the building of the Berlin wall, what was Kennedy's first reaction?
Definition
To send troops to West Berlin
Term
Medicaid was created by Johnson to teach job skills to the underprivileged.
Definition
False
Term
What was the result of the Limited Nuclear Test Ban Treaty?
Definition
It stopped the testing of nuclear weapons in the atmosphere.
Term
Which one of the following was not a result of the crisis over missiles that occurred in Cuba in 1962?
Definition
Soviet Union's promise not to invade Turkey
Term
The result of the commission charged with investigating JFK's assassination was that the assassin acted alone; according to the commision, there was no conspiracy.
Definition
True
Term
What was Kennedy's biggest concern about the Soviet Union's missile movement in Cuba in 1962?
Definition
The proximity (closeness) of those missiles to the U.S.
Term
Medical insurance for the poor is part of which Johnson program?
Definition
Medicaid
Term
Which of the following was NOT an event associated with the assassination of John F. Kennedy?
Definition
Alliance between southern Democrats and communists to assassinate Kennedy
Term
Ich bin eine Berliner means "Reunite Berlin!"
Definition
False
Term
What action in Birmingham, Alabama, led Dr. King to write his best known work?
Definition
Dr. King's arrest and subsequent eight month stint in jail
Term
What organization did Dr. King head up that let him put into practice his belief in nonviolent action as an effective way to deal with the white establishment?
Definition
Southern Christian Leadership Conference
Term
Business owners across the South established the White Citizens Council to support equal opportunity for African American businessmen.
Definition
False
Term
In Montgomery, Alabama, Dr. King had to fight the SCLC, led by Reverend Fred Shuttlesworth, to succeed at desegregation.
Definition
False
Term
Who was responsible for striking down desegregation of public schools?
Definition
Earl Warren
Term
What approach did the Freedom Riders take in order to aid desegregation in the south?
Definition
They recruited students to ride across the country with them to bring attention to discrimination in the South.
Term
Who was responsible for forcing President Eisenhower to protect African American students attending an otherwise all white school?
Definition
Orval Faubus
Term
Which individual worked with Dr. King to desegregate the downtown businesses of Birmingham, Alabama?
Definition
Rev. Fred Shuttlesworth
Term
Martin Luther King delivered his famous I Have a Dream speech on the steps of the Washington Memorial in 1962.
Definition
False
Term
Which segregationist in Birmingham, Alabama, planned to prevent desegregation no matter what had to be done?
Definition
Eugene Connor
Term
The writing and release of the Letter From Birmingham Jail was responsible for the death of the desegregation movement in Birmingham, Alabama.
Definition
False
Term
The Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee almost ended the student movement because of its inability to focus and instruct students on how to cope with the violence and harassment.
Definition
False
Term
Success in the South spurred African American leaders to conduct a March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom.
Definition
True
Term
Success in the South spurred African American leaders to conduct a March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom.
Definition
True
Term
Laws in the South that were detrimental to African Americans were referred to by what description?
Definition
Separate but equal laws
Term
Although President Kennedy never passed any civil rights laws, Attorney General Robert F. Kennedy protected Freedom Riders by sending in U.S. Marshals.
Definition
True
Term
President Lyndon B. Johnson wanted to finish what Kennedy had started, so he took a hands-on approach to passing the Civil Rights Act of 1964.
Definition
True
Term
3,600 students were arrested during the student movement. What was the ultimate result of their actions?
Definition
Many Southern businesses chose to integrate as a result of what the students did.
Term
In what state did the Freedom Riders suffer the most violence?
Definition
Alabama
Term
Why did the March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom take place?
Definition
Civil rights leaders thought it was the best way to show their discontent for the lack of government action towards civil rights for African Americans.
Term
Which governor stood in the doors of the University of Alabama to prevent African Americans students from entering?
Definition
Wallace
Term
The Civil Rights Act of 1964 made discrimination illegal in hotels as well as other public business places.
Definition
True
Term
The Brown v. Board of Education case established to eliminate racial discrimination in elementary and secondary schools.
Definition
True
Term
Where is Saigon located?
Definition
South Vietnam
Term
Immediately upon his inauguration, President Nixon pulled all American troops out of Vietnam and put the war behind him.
Definition
False
Term
Upon captureing Hanoi, Vietnam was declared an independent country.
Definition
True
Term
Hue was the capital of which of the following?
Definition
South Vietnam
Term
President Johnson didn't run for reelection; who became President in 1969?
Definition
President Nixon
Term
As the spread of communism picked up in the late 1940s, how did the U.S.'s national security advisors react?
Definition
Wrote a memo asking President Truman to build up U.S. military force
Term
Which three countries did France combine to create French Indochina?
Definition
Cambodia, Laos, and Vietnam
Term
Which of the following was established in an effort to build up U.S. military forces?
Definition
NSC-68
Term
Minimizing the influence of a particular source through separation is called containment.
Definition
True
Term
Which of the following similes did President Eisenhower use to describe the spread of communism?
Definition
Like dominoes knock themselves over, countries are falling one after another to communism.
Term
What was antiwar culture called?
Definition
Counterculture
Term
According to the War Powers Act, the President of the United States can go to war for how many days without the approval of Congress?
Definition
60 to 90 days
Term
China forced the unwilling Vietnam to divide into two parts: North Vietnam and South Vietnam.
Definition
False
Term
The Gulf of Tonkin Resolution was passed unanimously by Congress.
Definition
False
Term
The United States didn't find the Command Office of South Vietnam (COSVN) until after the war.
Definition
False
Term
The name of the newly independent Vietnam was the Democratic Republic of Vietnam, or the DRV.
Definition
True
Term
In July of 1976, the two Vietnamese countries were officially united as what?
Definition
Socialist Republic of Vietnam
Term
It has not been proven that the Command Office of South Vietnam (COSVN) ever actually existed.
Definition
True
Term
Who moved the capital of Vietnam to Saigon?
Definition
France
Term
Hundreds of thousands of American soldiers were sent into Vietnam during the war. What did President Johnson call this?
Definition
Americanization
Term
The May 1970 demonstrations at Kent State resulted in four student deaths.
Definition
True
Term
The American public strongly supported President Johnson in the country's involvement in Vietnam.
Definition
False
Term
Which of the following is an example of a cease-fire?
Definition
To end all military actions against your opponent
Term
On this Vietnamese holiday, the Viet Cong attacked 27 U.S. and South Vietnamese bases at once.
Definition
Tet, Vietnamese New Year
Term
Ronald Reagan ordered the bombing of which country in an effort to yield international terrorism?
Definition
Libya
Term
While in office, President Nixon established a broad environmental program.
Definition
True
Term
Nixon's gradual withdrawal of American troops out of Vietnam took how long?
Definition
4 years
Term
Why did Irani student militants take Americans hostage in 1979?
Definition
America supported the ailing Shah of Iran and didn't support the new Iranian government.
Term
To what did "the Reagan magic" refer?
Definition
Reagan's sense of humor and charm
Term
Nixon sought to improve America's relationships with the Soviet Union and China but failed miserably.
Definition
False
Term
Who won the presidential election of 1992?
Definition
Bill Clinton
Term
President George H.W. Bush compared Saddam Hussein with what totalitarian leader?
Definition
Hitler
Term
To whom can the following quote be credited? But it is not the ultimate fate of Richard Nixon that most concerns me, though surely it deeply troubles every decent and every compassionate person. My concern is the immediate future of this great country.
Definition
Gerald Ford
Term
Which American president made a pledge to put a man on the moon within a decade?
Definition
Kennedy
Term
President Ford quickly replaced most of Nixon's staff with his own people.
Definition
True
Term
Despite his own vibrant personality, President Reagan was unable to restore self-confidence in the American public after the Iran Hostage Crisis.
Definition
False
Term
Nixon had a true interest in international affairs.
Definition
True
Term
Ford was suspected of having made a "deal" with the former president to pardon him if he would resign, but those allegations were never proven.
Definition
True
Term
What was at the center of the Iran-Contra scandal?
Definition
Arms for hostages
Term
Vice President Spiro T. Agnew resigned as a result of the Watergate Scandal.
Definition
False
Term
Despite pressure from Congress to do so, President Carter refused to relinquish control of the Panama Canal.
Definition
False
Term
President Carter was fairly unsuccessful in negotiating with Congress.
Definition
True
Term
Who replaced Vice President Spiro T. Agnew when he resigned?
Definition
Gerald Ford
Term
Which of the following phrases best desribes Reagan's foreign policy?
Definition
Peace through strength
Term
Who was held responsible for the break-ins at the Democratic National Committee offices in 1972?
Definition
Committee to Re-Elect the President
Term
Which President was involved in the Iran-Contra scandal?
Definition
Reagan
Term
Who defeated President Ford in the 1976 presidential elections?
Definition
Carter
Term
Nixon reorganized the White House in order to give himself more time dealing in domestic affairs.
Definition
False
Term
In the 1991 Gulf War, what happened after Kuwait was liberated?
Definition
American troops ceased operations, allowing Hussein to stay in power.
Term
The Senate convicted Clinton of "high crimes and misdemeanors."
Definition
False
Term
Countries from what area joined NATO along with Canada and the United States?
Definition
Europe
Term
What attracts immigrants to large cities?
Definition
Familiar foods and customs
Term
Under what President did Condoleezza Rice serve as Secretary of State?
Definition
George W. Bush
Term
Who ran on the Democratic ticket during the 2000 presidential election?
Definition
Al Gore
Term
The 9/11 terrorist attacks strengthened the U.S. economy
Definition
False
Term
Who won the popular vote during the 2000 presidential election?
Definition
Al Gore
Term
What word best describes the role of economic policy in the 1990s?
Definition
Globalization
Term
Who could vote in ancient Greece?
Definition
Land-owning male citizens
Term
Why was the role of NATO questioned during the 1990s?
Definition
It seemed unecessary after the fall of the Soviet Union.
Term
What industry emerged as the United States efficiently globalized?
Definition
Information technology
Term
Where were troops deployed on September 17, 2001?
Definition
Afghanistan
Term
What challenges did Bill Clinton have during his second term?
Definition
Scandal over personal involvement with an intern
Term
What organization did the World Trade Organization replace?
Definition
GATT
Term
Terrorists are people living outside the U.S. who target Americans for attacks.
Definition
False
Term
What was the purpose of Operation Iraqi Freedom?
Definition
To free Iraq from the rule of Saddam Hussein
Term
What type of group is al Qaeda?
Definition
Terrorist
Term
During the late 1990s, where did the second-largest group of immigrants come from?
Definition
Asia
Term
The Patriot Act helps law enforcement agencies fight terrorism.
Definition
True
Term
President Bill Clinton was impeached.
Definition
True
Term
What was NAFTA's purpose?
Definition
To increase trade with Canada and Mexico
Term
Who was blamed for the terrorist attacks on Septermer 11, 2001?
Definition
Al Qaeda
Term
Why did the U.N. Security Council inspect the weapons arsenal in Iraq?
Definition
Iraq may have had access to weapons of mass destruction.
Term
Where was Osama bin Laden suspected of hiding after the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001?
Definition
Afghanistan