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American Gov Chapter 1
Vocabulary
22
History
08/31/2005

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Cards

Term
Aristole
Definition
A philosopher who defined democracy as the "rule of many"
Term
authority
Definition
the right to exercise political power
Term
bureaucracy
Definition
structures of authority organized around expertise and specialization
Term
bureaucratic theory
Definition
a theory that appointed civil servants make the key governing decisions
Term
citizen participation
Definition
A political system in which those affected by a governmental program must be permitted to participate in teh program's formulation
Term
city-state
Definition
A relatively samll political unit within which classical democracy was practiced
Term
community control
Definition
A political system in which local citizens areempowered to govern themselves directly
Term
democracy
Definition
A term used to describe three different poltical systems in which the peopole are siad to rule, directly or indirectly
Term
democratic centralism
Definition
Discovering and then acting on the genuine needs of the people, with a party cadre
Term
direct or participatory democracy
Definition
a political system in which all or most citizens participate directly by either holding office or making policy
Term
elite (political)
Definition
An identifiable group of people with a disproportionate share of political power
Term
elitist theory
Definition
A theory that a few top leaders make thekey decisions without reference to popular desires
Term
legitimacy
Definition
The widely shared perception that something or someone should be obeyed
Term
majoritarian politics
Definition
a political system in which the choices of the politcal leaders are closely constrained by the preferences of the people
Term
Marxist theory
Definition
A theory that government is merely a reflection of underlying economic forces
Term
Mills
Definition
A sociologist who presented the idea of mostly nongovernmental power elite
Term
pluralist theory
Definition
A theory that no one interest group consistently holds political power
Term
political power
Definition
Power when used to determine who will hold government office and how government will behave
Term
power
Definition
the ability of one person to cause another person to act in accordance with the first person's intentions
Term
representative democracy
Definition
conferring political power on those selected by the voters in competitive elections
Term
Schumpeter
Definition
An economist who defined democarcy as the competitive struggle by political leaders for the people's vote
Term
Weber
Definition
A sociologist who emphasized the phenomenon of bureacracy in explaining political developments