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Amer Gov
Chap 10
25
History
03/28/2011

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Cards

Term
reapportionment
Definition
redistribution of representatives among the states, based on population change. the House is reapportioned after each census.
Term
impeachment
Definition
The formal charging of a government official with "treason, bribery, or other high crimes and misdemeanors"
Term
incumbent
Definition
A current officeholder
Term
Gerrymandering
Definition
redrawing a congressional district to intentionally benefit one political party
Term
casework
Definition
Solving problems for constituents, especially problems involving government agencies
Term
Descriptive representation
Definition
A belief that constituents are most effectively represented by legislators who are similar to them in such key demographic characteristics as race, ethnicity, religion, or gender
Term
racial gerrymandering
Definition
The drawing of a legislative district to maximize the chance that a minority candidate will win an election
Term
veto
Definition
the presidents disapproval of a bill that has been passed by both houses of Congress. Congress can override a veto with a two-thirds vote in each house
Term
Standing Committee
Definition
A permanent congressional committee that specializes in a particular policy area
Term
joint committee
Definition
a committee made up of members of both the house and the senate
Term
select committee
Definition
a temporary congressional committee created for a specific purpose and disbanded after that purpose is fulfilled
Term
conference committee
Definition
a temporary committee created to work out differences between the house and senate versions of a specific piece of legislation
Term
select committee
Definition
a temporary congressional committee created for a specific purpose and disbanded after that purpose is fulfilled
Term
conference committee
Definition
a temporary committee created to work out differences between the house and senate versions of a specific piece of legislation
Term
seniority
Definition
Years of consecutive service on a particular congressional committee
Term
oversight
Definition
the process of reviewing the operations of an agency to determine whether it is carrying out policies as congress intended
Term
Speaker of the House
Definition
The presiding officer of the house of reps
Term
Majority Leader
Definition
the head of the majority party in the Senate; the second-highest-ranking member of the majority party in the House.
Term
Filibuster
Definition
a delaying tactic, used in the senate, that involves speech making to prevent action on a piece of legislation
Term
cloture
Definition
the mechanism by which a filibuster is cut off in a senate
Term
Constituents
Definition
People who live and vote in a government officials district or state
Term
trustee
Definition
a representative who is obligated to consider the views of constituents but is not obligated to vote according to those views if he or she believes they are misguided
Term
delegate
Definition
a legislator whose primary responsibility is to represent the majority view of his or her constituents, regardless of his or her own view
Term
parliamentary system
Definition
a system of government in which the chief executive is the leader whose party holds the most seats in the legislature after an election or whose party forms a major part of the ruling coalition
Term
earmarks
Definition
federal funds appropriated by congress for use on local projects