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Amendments 11 - 27
descriptions of amendments 11-27
17
Political Studies
02/27/2011

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Term
11th Amendment
Definition
citizen in one state cannot sue another state government in federal court; can sue state goverment in state court
Term
12th Amendment
Definition
each elector choose one candidate for president & VP; if no majority, H.O.R. chooses president, Senate chooses VP; VP must be eligable as president
Term
13th Amendment
Definition
1. slavery is not allowed; no labor against one's will; does not prevent prison wardens
2. congress has power to enforce #1 by appropriate legislation
Term
14th Amendment
Definition
1. born in US=citizen of US, state lived in; equal protection under law
2. representatives appointed by state population
3. no person can work in government if they have enggaged in rebellion against US or helped enemies. Congress can remove this law
4. no debts questioned, US does not pay citizen debts
5. congress has power to enfore by appropriate legislation this amendment
Term
15th Amendment
Definition
1. all citizens of US can vote, not denied by race or color
2. congress has power to enforce by appropriate legislation
Term
16th Amendment
Definition
congress has power to collect income tax without regard to state population
Term
17th Amendment
Definition
1. senators elected by state's people
2. vacancies in Senate: executive may make appointments
3. this amendment cannot alter term of any senator chosen before valid as constitution
Term
18th Amendment (canceled)
Definition
1. ban on alcohol
2. congress and states have concurrent power to enforce
3. inoperative unless ratified as amendment to constitution by several state legislatures
Term
19th Amendment
Definition
1. all citizens can vote no matter what gender
2. congress can enforce by legislation
Term
20th Amendment
Definition
1. president & VP duty end at noon on Jan 20th, senators and representatives: Jan 3rd at noon, of chosen years, sucessors take place
2. comgress assemble 1+ times per year, 3rd day of Jan unless other day chosen
3. if president dies, or is removed or not elected, VP takes place; congress has power to choose a person to be president if no one is chosen
4. if chosen president from H.O.R. dies, congress chooses; if chosen VP from senate dies, congress chooses
5. Sections 1 & 2 take effect on october 15th
6. inoperative unless ratified by legislatures of 3/4 states
Term
21st Amendment
Definition
1. 18th article is 'canceled'
2. transportation of liquor into any state is illegal
3. inoperative unless ratified by conventions in the several states
Term
22nd Amendment
Definition
1. no president may serve more than 2 4-year terms, a president who has already served more than 1/2 of someone else's term can only be elected one more time
2. inoperative unless ratified by 3/4 state legislatures
Term
23rd Amendment
Definition
1. # of electors of a state= senators+representatives
2. congress has power to enforce
Term
24th Amendment
Definition
1. poll taxes banned in national or state elections
2. congress has power to enforce
Term
25th Amendment
Definition
1. when president removed, VP is pres.
2. vacancy of VP: pres. elect, majority vote by both houses of congress
3. when president declares in writing that they are unable to preform, VP takes spot until president is back
4. VP and cabinet can declare president disabled. VP gets presidents duties. In disagreement, congress picks-2/3 needed
Term
26th Amendment
Definition
1. voting: 18+, not denied
2. congress has power to enforce
Term
27th Amendment
Definition
if congress votes selves pay +, no effect until next congressional election