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Albuterol
San Diego Protocol 2011
9
Health Care
05/02/2011

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Cards

Term

ALBUTEROL

name

Definition
Albuterol(proventil, Ventolin)
Term
Class-albuterol
Definition
  • Sympathomimetic (beta-2 specific)
Term
Action- Albuterol
Definition
  • Relaxes brochial smooth muscles by stimulating beta-2 adrenergic receptors
  • Produces bronchodilation, relieves bronchospasm, and reduces airway resistance.
  • Onset=5 min.  Duration= hours
Term
INDICATION-albuterol
Definition
  • respiratory distress of ? asthma/copd/respiratory origin(s-136, S-167)
  • Allergic reaction/anaphylaxis (s-122, S-162)
  • Burns (S-124, S-170)
  • Hemodialysis patient with suspected hyperkalimia if >72 hours since last dialysis
Term
DOSAGE?ROUTE- Abuterol
Definition

ADULT:

  • 6ml (0.083%) via nebulizer MR

 


PEDS:   PDC via nebulizer MR

Term
CONTRAINDICATIONS:
Definition
  • none
Term
Side Effects:
Definition
  • Tachycardia/ Palpations
  • Dizziness, headache
  • Tremors, nervousness
Term

Special Information: (concentration: ?)

1-6

 

Definition

Concentration:  2.5/3ml

  1. Use with 4-6lpm of O2 for handheld mouthpiece
  2. Use with 6-10 lpm of O2 for aerosol mask, CPAP and ET tube routes of administration
  3. 3. Keep nebulizer upright to avoid spilling.
  4. Drug becomes unstable in temperatures > 77 degrees; do not use if the drug is discolored (normally clear) or precipitated
  5. Causes minimal cardiac stimulation; monitor ECG & heart rate
  6. Use cation in pregnancy
Term

SPECIAL INFORMATION:

7-9

Definition

7. Decreases hyperkalemia associated with dialysis patients by facilitating the movement of potassium back into cells

8.Beta blockers may reduce effectiveness

9. Increased side effects when administered with other sympathomimetics