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African American History
HST 311 Michigan State University
17
History
02/16/2011

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Cards

Term
Manning Marable
Definition
The three tenets are 1) Louis Farrahkan 2) Elijah Muhammad 3) Malcolm X
Term
Earl R. Thorpe
Definition
Black history is not just “American history with the accent and emphasis on the point of view, attitude, and spirit of Afro‐Americans” (1971)
Term
W. E. B. Du Bois
Definition
“I remember once offering to an editor an article which began with a reference to the experience of last century. ‘Oh,’ he said, ‘leave out the history and come to the present.’ I felt like going to him over a thousand miles and taking him by the lapels and saying, ‘Dear, dear jackass! Don’t you understand that the past is the present; that without what was, nothing is? That, of the infinite dead, the living are but unimportant bits?”
Term
E. H. Carr
Definition
“The belief in a hard core of historical facts existing objectively and independently of the interpretation of the historian is a preposterous fallacy, but one which it is very hard to eradicate” (12).
Term
Myth 3
Definition
“The deck, that is, the floor of [the slaves’] rooms, was so covered with blood and mucus which had proceeded from them in consequence of the flux, that it resembled a slaughterhouse. It is not in the power of human imagination, to picture to itself a situation more dreadful or disgusting.”
"a confession, which... comes too late....It will always be a subject of humiliating reflection to me, that I was once an active instrument in a business at which my heart now shudders."
Term
Myth 4
Definition
“About the latter end of August [of 1619], a Dutch man of war ... brought not anything but 20 odd Negroes which the Governor and Capt. Merchant brought for victualle [food].|”
Term
The Shotgun Policy
Definition
“The whole public are tired out with these annual autumnal outbreaks in the South ... [and] are ready now to condemn any interference on the part of the government.”
Term
The Hamburg Massacre
Definition
“In speeches to negroes you must remember that argument has no effect on them. they can only be influenced by their fears, superstition, and cupidity.... Treat them so as to show them you are a superior race and that their natural position is that of subordination to the white man.”
Term
THe Hamburg Massacre
Definition
“The supremacy of the white race of the South must be maintained forever, and the domination of the negro race resisted at all points and at all hazards—because the white race is the superior race. This is the declaration of no new truth. It has abided forever in the marrow of our bones, and shall run forever with the blood that feeds Anglo‐Saxon hearts.”The Hamburg Massacre
Term
15th Amendment; 1870
Definition
Granted Black Americans the right to vote. 125 African Americans have served in the United States Congress
Term
How many African Americans have served in the United States Senate?
Definition
Six African Americans
Term
WHat happened in 1910-1940?
Definition
African American migrate North, creating black mahority districts in northern cities.
Term
What happened in 1890-1908?
Definition
State legislatures pass voting laws requiring literacy tests and poll taxes to keep African Americans from voting.
Term
What happened in 1870?
Definition
Hiram Rhodes Revels becomes the first African American in Congress, elected by a vote of 81-15 to finish the tern of the state's vacant Senate seat.
Term
Grange and The Colored Farmers’ Alliance
Definition
“This organization is for the purpose of trying to elevate our race, to make us better citizens, better husbands, better fathers and sons, to educate ourselves so that we may be able to vote more intelligently on questions that are of vital importance to our people.”
Term
Force Bill
Definition
The first piece of legislation to publicly deny the right of secession to individual states. Its approval meant that the principle of secession was no longer in keeping with the idea of a national union.
Term
Definition