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A+ Final Study Cards
Flash cards for final chapters of A+ class.
74
Computer Science
05/23/2010

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Term
Which is the least expensive version of windows vista that can use the Aero User Interface.
Definition
Home Premium
Term
Which three editions of vista allow you to join a domain on a network
Definition
Buisiness, enterprise, ultimate
Term
Are there any editions of vista that do not include the network and sharing center?
Definition
No
Term
Which ediiton of windows XP supports 64bit applications?
Definition
XP Professional
Term
Which was the first windows OS to come with internet explorer embedded in the OS?
Definition
windows XP
Term
What is the maximum amount of ram that 32 bit Vista Ultimate can address?
Definition
4 gigabytes
Term
What is the maximum amount of RAM that 64 bit home premium can address?
Definition
16 Gigabytes
Term
Can you perform an Upgrade Installation of Windows XP Professional to Windows Vista Home Premium?
Definition
No, it must be a clean install.
Term
Can you use the upgrade DVD of windows vista home premium to perform a clean install on a PC that already has Windows XP professional installed?
Definition
No
Term
What is the minimum amount of ram needed to install windows vista?
Definition
512 MB of ram
Term
How much space on the hard drive does it take to install windows vista.
Definition
15GB
Term
If you are trying to set up a dual boot between windows XP and windows vista, which os do you install first?
Definition
XP
Term
How do you start the process to reinstall and OS on a laptop computer using the backup files stored on a recovery partition?
Definition
Press the magic key at startup before the OS is loaded
Term
What are examples of two applications that can create virtual machines?
Definition
Virtual PC and VMware
Term
If you suspect a PC is infected with a virus, why is it not a good idea to perform an upgrade installation of windows instead of a clean install.
Definition
If the virus has messed up your OS, the install may be screwed up.
Term
Explain the difference between the windows boot partition and the system partition
Definition
The boot partition contains the OS. The system partition contains the boot record.
Term
What is the minimum number of partitions required in a system to set up a dual boot with windows XP and windows vista?
Definition
2
Term
What is the name of the domain controller database used by windows server 2008?
Definition
Term
What are the two commands used by the user state management tool?
Definition
scanstate and loadstate
Term
Can you install vista as an upgrade to windows XP if you boot the system using the vista DVD?
Definition
NO
Term
What file system does Vista use for the windows volume?
Definition
NTFS
Term
using vista, what type of command prompt window is needed to run the Chkdsk command?
Definition
elevated command prompt window
Term
what is the path to the startup folder for each user in windows vista? for all users?
Definition
C/users/username/appdata/roaming/microsoft/windows/startmenu/programs/startup

For all users its C/progrgamdata/microsoft/windows/startumenu/program/startup
Term
What is the normal path of the windows paging file used for system memory?
Definition
pagefile.sys is a hidden file in the root of the C drive
Term
What is the program filename of the Windows XP backup utility?
Definition
Ntbackup.exe
Term
What vista utility creates restore points?
Definition
computer properties/ system properties/system protection
Term
how can you delete all restore points
Definition
use the restore point managers
Term
List four ways to start task manager:
Definition
Ctrl-Alt-Delete, Right click a blank area on the taskbar, Ctrl-Shft-Esc, Enter tskmgr.exe in vista start box or xp run box.
Term
If a program is not responding, how can you stop it?
Definition
Use task manager
Term
If a program is using too much of system resources and bogging down other applications, what can you do to fix the problem?
Definition
end the process
Term
How can you get a list of users currently logged onto the computer?
Definition
Users tab in task manager
Term
What is the program filename and extension of the system configuration utility?
Definition
msconfig.exe
Term
What tool in windows vista , used to temporarily disable a startup program, is not available in windows XP?
Definition
Software explorer
Term
if a nonessential service is slowing down startup, how can you disable it?
Definition
Services console
Term
What should be the startup type of a service that should not load at startup but might be used after startup?
Definition
manual
Term
What is the file extension of a console that is managed by the microsoft management console?
Definition
.msc
Term
What are the program filename and extensions of the microsoft management console?
Definition
mmc.exe (eventvwr.msc)
Term
what log in event viewer would you use to find out about attempted logins to a computer?
Definition
security log
Term
Which log in event viewer would you use to if you suspect a problem with the hard drive?
Definition
system log
Term
What is the program filename and extension of the reliability and performance monitor?
Definition
perfmon.msc
Term
what are the registry keys and what do they do?
Definition
HKLM is most omportant key and contains hardrive.software, and security data.
HKCC contains plug and play infor about the hardware config that is used at setup.
HKCR stores information that determines which application is opened when the user double clicks a file.
HKU contains data about all users and is take from the default hive.
HKCU contains data about the current user.
Term
What is the Vista Experience index?
Definition
Gives high level measurement of the overall performance of a system and lists any performance alerts.
Term
What tool in XP do you use to back up the system state?
Definition
ntbackup
Term
What is the vista tool that can give you a quick report of the overall performance of the system?
Definition
Vista experience index
Term
If you disable the indexer used for windows search, will windows search still work?
Definition
yes
Term
What three indicators in task manager can be used to find if a program has a memory leak?.
Definition
Memory private working set, threads, handles. If any of these values increase over time for a program, suspect a leak.
Term
Why is it best not do disable the UAC box?
Definition
Can protect your system from users making unauthorized changes and malware installing itself without your knowledge.
Term
What key do you press at startup to load the system in safe mode?
Definition
f8
Term
if performance improves in safe mode, what can you conclude?
Definition
nonessential program or service is causing problem.
Term
if performance does not improve in safemode what can you conclude?
Definition
problem is a hardware device, critical driver, or windows component.
Term
Blue screen errors happen when which type of processes encounter an error?
Definition
Device Drivers
Term
Which vista tool keeps a record of STOP errors and allows you to view a history of these errors?
Definition
Vista error reporting
Term
When you allow Windows XP error reporting to report to microsoft of an error, what does microsoft give in return?
Definition
Displays information about error and possible solutions.
Term
what is the command to use vista memory diagnostics tool?
Definition
mdsched.exe
Term
what method can you use to test memory on an XP system by using the vista memory diagnostics tool without having to install vista?
Definition
Use the vista DVD and go t repair computer.
Term
what is the command to use the system file checker to immediately verify system files? to verify system files on the next restart?
Definition
sfc / scannow and sfc/ scanonce
Term
why might it not be wise to use the drive verifier tool on a computer that serves up files to an office of 10 people?
Definition
it attempts to overload the drivers it moitors, which can cause a STOP error.
Term
A blue screen error halts the system while it is booting, and the booting starts over in an endless loop of restarts? What do?
Definition
start in safe mode and change crash settings to no longer auto restart.
Term
What three windows tools can be used to verify a driver that is digitall signed?
Definition
File sig verification tool, driver query tool, device manager.
Term
what does windows call the process of undoing a driver update?
Definition
Roll back driver.
Term
Is the bootmgr file stored in the boot partition or the system partition.
Definition
System partition
Term
where is the master boot record stored?
Definition
System partition
Term
What is the name of the windows vista boot loader program and where is it located?
Definition
Windows Boot Loader (winload.exe)
Term
What is the name of the vista kernel program?
Definition
ntoskrnl.exe
Term
What is the name of the program that manages windows logon?
Definition
winlogon.exe
Term
What is the first thing that BIOS checks?
Definition
All the essential hardware components.
Term
Which key do you press to launch the advanced boot options window during windows startup?
Definition
f8 as vista is loading
Term
What can you assume about the vista startup when you see the progress bar onscreen
Definition
the bios has succeeded and the system is loading from kernel.
Term
When is the windows startup process completed?
Definition
when the desktop appears and the circle disappears
Term
At what point in windows startup are the settings that are called Last Known Good Configuration saved?
Definition
each time the user logs onto the system
Term
What command in win RE can you use to rebuild the BCD file?
Definition
Bootrec /rebuildBCD
Term
what command in windows RE gives you an oppourtunity to manage partitions and volumes installed on the system?
Definition
diskpart
Term
where is the boot.ini file stored?
Definition
in the root directory of the active partition that NTldr reads to.
Term
when you have a problem with a USB device, what is the simplest way to determine that the USB port is good?
Definition