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Acid Base
Exam 3 Review
42
Biology
03/24/2010

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Term
reduces thirst
Definition
Atrial natriuretic peptide does all of the following except
Term
Excrete excess glucose
Definition
Which of the folowing is not a function of the kidney?
Term
Definition
Term

A) The metanephric ducts will become the urethras

B)The  mesonephros will develop into kidneys

C) The pronephros ( first tubule system) develops during the tenth week of gestation

D) Kidneys develop from urogenital ridges

d

Definition
Select the statement about urinary system development
Term
The glomerular hydrostatic pressure
Definition
The factor favoring filtrate formation at the glomerulus is
Term
glomerulus plus a glomerular capsule
Definition
A renal corpuscle is the same as
Term

A) Most of the water passing through the kidney is eliminated as urine

B) Normal filtrate contains a large amount of protein

C) The excretion of sodium is one of the mechanisms that maintains the pH balance of the blood

D) Reabsoprtion of water is hormonally controlled

d

Definition
Which statement is true
Term
May be disturbed due to higher loss of elctrolytes on hot days
Definition
Electrolyte balance ____
Term

A&B

A) low blood pressure in arterioles in the nephron

B) a decrease in fluid flow throw the distal tubule

Definition
Stimuli for the activation of the RAAS pathway include
Term

A& B

A) is secreted in response to elevated levels of sodium in the blood

B) helps decrease blood volume

Definition
Aldosterone
Term

A& B

A) triggered by the increased osmolarity

B) controlled by centers in the hypothalamus

Definition
Thirst is
Term

A&B

A) confusion and disorientation

B) CNS depression

Definition
Syptoms of low plasma pH may include
Term
Respiratory acidosis
Definition
A person who suffers from emphysema will exhibit signs of
Term
the body retains less carbon dioxide
Definition
As a result of respiratory alkalosis
Term
Kidneys
Definition
Excess potassium ions are eliminated from the body by the
Term
Angiotensin I to angiotensin II
Definition
ACE converts
Term
Definition
Term

A&B

A) changes to the osmolarity of body fluids

B) Changes in blood pressure

Definition
The stimuli for renal reflexes are
Term
True
Definition
Kidneys can replenish lost water
Term
the prevention of pH changes caused by organic and fixed acids
Definition
The primary role of the carbonic acid-bicarbonate buffer system is
Term
angiotensin
Definition
The enzyme renin is responsible for activation of
Term
Hyperkalemia
Definition
An increase in plasma potassium levels is properly called
Term
Lymphatic blockage
Definition
Edema may result from
Term
K+ mainly in the cells and Na+ in the body fluids
Definition
Which of the following describes the distribution of sodium and potassium between cells and body fluids
Term
total body water decreases with age, and restoration of homeostasis is slower
Definition
The major reason older adults should monitor their intake of fluids is that ___
Term
Is the most important control of calcium homeostasis
Definition
Parathyroid hormone
Term
Potassium
Definition
Whereas sodium is found mainly in the extracellular fluid, most ___is found in the intracellular fluid.
Term
a condition that may result from the renal insufficiency or drinking extraordinary amounts of water
Definition
The term hypotonic hydration refers to
Term
Sodium
Definition
Newborn infants have a relatively higher ____ content in their ECF than do adults
Term
body retains more carbon dioxide
Definition
In response to respiratory alkalosis, the
Term
results in a temporary increase in blood volume
Definition
When the level of sodium ion in extracellular fluid decreases,
Term
Promotes sodium retention in the kidneys
Definition
Aldosterone
Term
the cells of the body
Definition
Intracellular fluid (ICF) is found in
Term
peripheral vasoconstriction
Definition
Acidosis can cause all of the following except
Term
Osmoloarities of the two compartments are slightly lower
Definition
When large amounts of pure water are consumed,
Term
Respiratory alkalosis
Definition
A Mountain climber at high altitude may lose consciousness at the result of
Term
Osmoreceptors are stimulated
Definition
When the amount of sodium ion in extracellular fluid increases
Term
Potassium
Definition
The principal cation in intracellular fluid is
Term
the kidneys
Definition
Excess potassium ion is eliminated from the body by
Term
Respiratory acidosis
Definition
Hypoventilation would cause
Term

A) Chloride ions are absorbed along the digestive tract in the company of sodium ions

B)

Definition
Each of the following statements concerning chloride ions is true except one identify the exception.
Term
Definition