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Abnormal quiz 1
abnormal quiz 1
67
Psychology
10/17/2011

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Term
Autonomic nervous system (ANS)
Definition
The network of nerve fibers that connect the central nervous system to all the other organs of the body
Term
Asylum
Definition
A type of institution first established in the sixteenth century to provide care for persons with mental disorders. Most became virtual prisons
Term
Mental disorder
Definition
A clinically significant behavior or psychological syndrome that occurs in an individual. It is associated with present distress, disability, or with a a significantly increased risk of suffering death, pain, disability, or an important loss of freedom
Term
comorbidity
Definition
refers to co occuring symptoms or the co occurence of disorders
Term
DSM IV
Definition
current edition of the APA manual of psychiatric diagnoses, the bible of psychiatric diagnosis throughout the world
Term
Dorthea Dix
Definition
crusaded for humane care of the mentally ill in the US. she was one of the founders of the profession of social work. Campaigned for asylum and prison reform
Term
Neurotransmitter
Definition
A chemical released from the end of an axon, which travels across a synaptic cleft to stimulate receptors on adjacent neurons
Term
Assessment
Definition
defined as the review and scrutiny of symptoms for teh purpose of formulating a meaningful diagnosis and treatment plan
Term
Mental status exam
Definition
set of questions and observations that systematically evaluate a client's awareness, orientation, attention span, memory, judgement, insight, thought content, thought processes, mood, and appearance
Term
Psychoanalysis
Definition
Psychotherapies that uncover past traumas and inner conflicts. rely on free association, interpretation, and catharsis
Term
Benjamin Rush
Definition
Advocate of human rights and moral treatment, founder of american psychiatry
Term
Panic Attacks
Definition
a discrete attack or period of fear with at least four symptoms including palpitations, accelerated heart rate, sweating, shortness of breath, chest pain, nausea, dizziness, and tingling sensations. Sufferers often fear they will die, go crazy, or lose control. can happen in the absence of a real threat
Term
Anxiety
Definition
Psychological experience of fear, in all its manifestations, including apprehension, uneasiness, tension and stress that result from the anticipation of danger
Term
Parasympathetic nervous system
Definition
helps return bodily systems top normal, contracts pupils, stimulates salivary glands, slows heartbeat, and stimulates digestion
Term
Risk
Definition
term referring to the probability of a negative outcome
Term
Cerebrum
Definition
an area of the brain that coordinates movement in the body and perhaps helps control a person's rapid attention to things
Term
Dendrite
Definition
An extension located at one end of a neuron that receives impulses from other neurons
Term
Diagnosis
Definition
A determination that a person's problems reflect a particular disorder
Term
hypertension
Definition
chronic high blood pressure
Term
Hypothalamus
Definition
Part of the brain that maintains body functions like eating and hunger
Term
positive Psychology
Definition
study and enhancement of positive feelings, traits, and abilities
Term
projective tests
Definition
a test that consists of vague material that people interpret or respond to
Term
dopamine
Definition
Neurotransmitter whose high activity has been shown to be related to schizophrenia. involved with rewards and moods
Term
Receptor
Definition
site on a neuron that receives a neurotransmitters
Term
Anxiety
Definition
the psychological experience of fear, apprehension, tension, or uneasiness that stems from the anticipation of danger
increased respiration, perspiration, muscle tension
Term
Four groups of anxiety symptoms
Definition
motor tension, autonomic hyperactivity, vigilance and attention and memory, cognitive appraisal
Term
Neurophysiology of anxiety
Definition
amygdala: physical response of doom that it occurs, affects mid brain functions
GABA: forebrain areas, opposite response tells brain it is same, not actively in use feels anxious unsafe
Term
Panic Disorder
Definition
recurrent unexpected panic attacks
month or more of one of the following after at least one of the attacks

persistent concern about having additional attacks
worry about the implications or consequences of the attack
significant change in behavior related to the attacks
Term
benzodiazepines
(antianxiety)
Definition
most common anti anxiety medications, modest relief, Valium Xanax
bind to GABA receptor sites and increase GABAs ability to stop neuron firing and reduces anxiety
Term
Serotonin
Definition
low levels of serotonin linked to depression, ocd, and eating disorders
Term
Symptom in a mental disorder
Definition
emotions, behaviors, and cognitions relating to the CNS that are signs of an underlying disorer
Term
Emil Kraepelin
Definition
german psychiatrist, made encyclopedia of psychology and identified as the founder of modern psychiatry and psychopharmacology
Term
conversion disorder
Definition
alteration or loss of voluntary motor or sensory functioning that suggests medical or neurological disorder without a physical or neurological explanation
Term
corticosterioids
Definition
released by adrenal cortex when stimulated by ACTH a stress hormone, which releases this stress hormone
Term
HPA pathway
Definition
stressors make hypothalamus signals the pituitary gland, secretes ACTH, stimulates adrenal glands, making it release corticosteroids, travels to body organs
Term
Adjustment disorder
Definition
Reaction to a major stressor with feelings of anxiety, depressed mood, or antisocial behaviors. 30% of patients recieve this diagnosis
Term
Agoraphobia
Definition
agoraphobia follows panic disorder because people are afraid of being attacked
Term
Anti depressants
Definition
improve mood includes Zoloft, prozac
Term
Antipsychotic drugs
Definition
reduces confusion, hallucinations, and delusions. most common seroquel, risperdal, haldol
Term
Bedlam
Definition
specific hospital asylum named after the mistreatment of patients
Term
Beck Depression Inventory
Definition
a type of response inventory that focuses on people's level of sadness and its effect on their functioning
Term
Biological Model
Definition
assumption that brain, neuroanatomy, and related biochemicals
Term
corpus callosum
Definition
connects the two hemispheres of the brain, largest white matter
Term
Electtroconvulsive therapy `
Definition
A form onf biological treatment used on depressed patients where a brain sezure is triggered through an electric current
Term
GABA
Definition
The neurotransmitter gamma-aminobutyric acid, whose low activity has been linked to generalized anxiety disorder
Term
GAF
Definition
global assessment of functioning
Term
Glial cell
Definition
support cells "glue' that hold neurons together
Term
glutamate
Definition
a common neurotransmitter that has been linked to memory and to dementia. excitatory neurotransmitter
Term
Insomnia
Definition
difficulty falling asleep or maintaining sleep, plagues 35% of the population, high levels of anxiety or depression, overactive arousal system
Term
intelligence tests
Definition
made by Binet to test someones IQ
Term
Joseph Breuer
Definition
Joseph Breuer (1882 – 1980) was a rabbi and community leader in Germany and the United States. He was a Rabbi of one of the large Jewish synagogues founded by German-Jewish refugees fleeing Nazi oppression that had settled in Washington Heights, New York.[1]
Term
Locus ceruleus
Definition
are in mid-brain that is rich in norepinephrine, when stimulated it causes panic like reactions
Term
Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory
Definition
a specific personality inventory that asks about behavior, beliefs, and feelings. answers are used to judge personality and psychological functioning
Term
myelin
Definition
made up of glial cells, forms the sheath and insulates
Term
mood stabilizer
Definition
helps those with bipoloar disorder, drugs used is lithium
Term
norepinephrine
Definition
neurotransmitter that underlies fight or flight response, linked to anxiety when too much is released
Term
personality inventory
Definition
a test designed to measure broad personality characteristics that consists of statements about behavior, beliefs, and feelings. people evaluate as either true or false
Term
Psychogenic perspective
Definition
The view that the chief causes of abnormal functioning are psychological
Term
Psychopathology
Definition
An abnormal pattern of functioning that my be described as deviant, distressful, dysfunctional, and dangerous
Term
psychophysiological disorders
Definition
illnesses that result from an interaction of both psychological and physical factors
Term
psychosocial and psychosocial intervention
Definition
commonly used alongside psycho-educational or psycho-pharmacological interventions and points toward solutions for individual challenges in interacting with an element of the social environment.
commonly used alongside psycho-educational or psycho-pharmacological interventions and points toward solutions for individual challenges in interacting with an element of the social environment.
Term
psychosocial and psychosocial intervention
Definition
commonly used alongside psycho-educational or psycho-pharmacological interventions and points toward solutions for individual challenges in interacting with an element of the social environment.
commonly used alongside psycho-educational or psycho-pharmacological interventions and points toward solutions for individual challenges in interacting with an element of the social environment.
Term
PTSD
Definition
History of having experienced, witnessed, or confronted events involving death, serious injury, or threat to the physical integrity of self or others. reaction of intense fear, helplessness, or horror produced by event
Event persistently reexperienced in at least these ways: recurrent distressing recollections, dreams, illusions, flashbacks, distress caused by reminders, physical arousal produced by reminders
persistent avoidance of reminders of the event and sense of numbing, detachment, or emotion unresponsiveness
2 symptoms of arousal: difficulty sleeping, irritability, poor concentration, hypervigilance, exaggerated startle response
lasts for at least one month
Term
Response inventories
Definition
ask people to provide detailed information about themselves. usd to determine the role such factors play in a disorder
Term
Schwann Cells
Definition
schwann cells are involved in many important aspects of peripheral nerve biology - the conduction of nervous impulses along axons, nerve development and regeneration,
Term
somatogenic perspective
Definition
abnormal psychological functioning has physical causes
Term
thalamus
Definition
Its function includes relaying sensation, spatial sense, and motor signals to the cerebral cortex, along with the regulation of consciousness, sleep, and alertness. The thalamus surrounds the third ventricle. It is the main product of the embryonic diencephalon.